How to format your references using the Frontiers in Plant Cell Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Plant Cell Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lieberman, P. M. (2014). Virology. Epstein-Barr virus turns 50. Science 343, 1323–1325.
A journal article with 2 authors
Emanuel, E. J., and Wertheimer, A. (2006). Public health. Who should get influenza vaccine when not all can? Science 312, 854–855.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gürerk, O., Irlenbusch, B., and Rockenbach, B. (2006). The competitive advantage of sanctioning institutions. Science 312, 108–111.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Katsuda, T., Tsuchiya, R., Kosaka, N., Yoshioka, Y., Takagaki, K., Oki, K., et al. (2013). Human adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells secrete functional neprilysin-bound exosomes. Sci. Rep. 3, 1197.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Merritt, C. (2015). Process Steam Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gärtner, B. (2012). Approximation Algorithms and Semidefinite Programming. , ed. J. Matousek Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Käyhkö, J., Apsite, E., Bolek, A., Filatov, N., Kondratyev, S., Korhonen, J., et al. (2015). “Recent Change—River Run-off and Ice Cover,” in Second Assessment of Climate Change for the Baltic Sea Basin Regional Climate Studies., ed. The BACC II Author Team (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 99–116.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Plant Cell Biology.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014). Ebola Vaccine Passes First Human Trial. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997). Transportation and Telecommunications Issue Area: Active Assignments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Conti, M. J. (2012). The online teaching skills and best practices of virtual classroom teachers: A mixed method Delphi study.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wilson, M. (2017). A Respected Figure, Undone by His Lies. New York Times, A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lieberman, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Emanuel and Wertheimer, 2006; Lieberman, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Emanuel and Wertheimer, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Katsuda et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Plant Cell Biology
AbbreviationFront. Plant Sci.
ISSN (online)1664-462X
ScopePlant Science

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