How to format your references using the Environmental Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Watson, A., 2000. EUROPEAN SPACE AGENCY: New Science Chief Must Juggle Missions and Politics. Science 290, 1287a–8a.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kong, D., Ma, C., 2014. Acquisition of ephemeral module in roots: a new view and test. Sci. Rep. 4, 5078.
A journal article with 3 authors
Janjić, V., Sharan, R., Pržulj, N., 2014. Modelling the yeast interactome. Sci. Rep. 4, 4273.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Urakawa, I., Yamazaki, Y., Shimada, T., Iijima, K., Hasegawa, H., Okawa, K., Fujita, T., Fukumoto, S., Yamashita, T., 2006. Klotho converts canonical FGF receptor into a specific receptor for FGF23. Nature 444, 770–774.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hornberg, A., 2017. Handbook of Machine and Computer Vision. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Kramer, S., Pfahringer, B. (Eds.), 2005. Inductive Logic Programming: 15th International Conference, ILP 2005, Bonn, Germany, August 10-13, 2005. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Kreutzer, R.T., Land, K.-H., 2015. How the Social Revolution Is to Be Managed, in: Land, K.-H. (Ed.), Digital Darwinism: Branding and Business Models in Jeopardy. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 99–128.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Research.

Blog post
Evans, K., 2017. Tiny Robot Drones Developed To Help Declining Bees Pollinate Plants [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997. Airfield Pavements (No. RCED-97-50R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lee, J., 2012. The Effects of Leadership Behavior on Workplace Harassment, Employee Outcomes, and Organizational Effectiveness in Small Businesses (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W., 2016. Puerto Rico Asks for Help, With Creditors in Pursuit. New York Times B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Watson, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Kong and Ma, 2014; Watson, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kong and Ma, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Urakawa et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Research
AbbreviationEnviron. Res.
ISSN (print)0013-9351
ScopeBiochemistry
General Environmental Science

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