How to format your references using the Frontiers in Bioinformatics and Computational Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Bioinformatics and Computational Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kasevich, M. A. (2002). Coherence with atoms. Science 298, 1363–1368.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cook-Andersen, H., and Wilkinson, M. F. (2015). Molecular biology: Splicing does the two-step. Nature 521, 300–301.
A journal article with 3 authors
Winter, Y., López, J., and Von Helversen, O. (2003). Ultraviolet vision in a bat. Nature 425, 612–614.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Sun, Y., Liu, J., Sun, T., Zhang, X., Yao, J., Kai, M., et al. (2014). Anti-cancer small molecule JP-8g exhibits potent in vivo anti-inflammatory activity. Sci. Rep. 4, 4372.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kenett, R. S., Zacks, S., and Amberti, D. (2013). Modern Industrial Statistics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Narayanan, R. ed. (2008). Interfacial Processes and Molecular Aggregation of Surfactants. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Demarcy, T., Vandersteen, C., Raffaelli, C., Gnansia, D., Guevara, N., Ayache, N., et al. (2016). “Uncertainty Quantification of Cochlear Implant Insertion from CT Images,” in Clinical Image-Based Procedures. Translational Research in Medical Imaging: 5th International Workshop, CLIP 2016, Held in Conjunction with MICCAI 2016, Athens, Greece, October 17, 2016, Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. R. Shekhar, S. Wesarg, M. Á. González Ballester, K. Drechsler, Y. Sato, M. Erdt, et al. (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 27–35.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Bioinformatics and Computational Biology.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014). Is Yawning as Contagious in Bonobos as it is in Humans? IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990). Truck Safety: States’ Progress in Testing and Licensing Commercial Drivers. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alai, N. L. (2017). Development of a Sport-Specific Curriculum Addressing Selfefficacy to Optimize Carbohydrate and Calorie Intake Among Male and Female High School Cross-Country Runners.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2009). A Personal Loss for a Hofstra Alumnus. New York Times, B19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kasevich, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Kasevich, 2002; Cook-Andersen and Wilkinson, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cook-Andersen and Wilkinson, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Sun et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Bioinformatics and Computational Biology
AbbreviationFront. Genet.
ISSN (online)1664-8021
Molecular Medicine

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