How to format your references using the Frontiers in Bioinformatics and Computational Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Bioinformatics and Computational Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bova, B. (2000). Eternal verities, eternal questions. Nature 404, 439.
A journal article with 2 authors
Supek, F., and Lehner, B. (2015). Differential DNA mismatch repair underlies mutation rate variation across the human genome. Nature 521, 81–84.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cwiok, S., Heenen, P.-H., and Nazarewicz, W. (2005). Shape coexistence and triaxiality in the superheavy nuclei. Nature 433, 705–709.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hale, R., Mavrogordato, M. N., Tolhurst, T. J., and Solan, M. (2014). Characterizations of how species mediate ecosystem properties require more comprehensive functional effect descriptors. Sci. Rep. 4, 6463.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Calloway, J. (2009). Becoming a Category of One. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kjems, J., Ferapontova, E., and Gothelf, K. V. eds. (2014). Nucleic Acid Nanotechnology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Luo, Y., and Tan, B. (2014). “Microporous Organic Polymers for Carbon Dioxide Capture,” in Porous Materials for Carbon Dioxide Capture Green Chemistry and Sustainable Technology., eds. A.-H. Lu and S. Dai (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 143–180.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Bioinformatics and Computational Biology.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016). There’s A New Way For Crooks To Get Your Card Details From An ATM. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988). Toward Equality: Education of the Deaf. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Valley, M. T. (2010). Deciphering the function of granule cell interneurons in the mouse main olfactory bulb: Insights from adult neurogenesis and local-field potentials.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dominus, S. (2014). The Sexual Healer. New York Times, ST1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bova, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Bova, 2000; Supek and Lehner, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Supek and Lehner, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Hale et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Bioinformatics and Computational Biology
AbbreviationFront. Genet.
ISSN (online)1664-8021
Molecular Medicine

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