How to format your references using the Journal of Unmanned Vehicle Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Unmanned Vehicle Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pinter, N. 2005. Environment. One step forward, two steps back on U.S. floodplains. Science 308(5719): 207–208.
A journal article with 2 authors
Xu, W., and Südhof, T.C. 2013. A neural circuit for memory specificity and generalization. Science 339(6125): 1290–1295.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dharmasiri, N., Dharmasiri, S., and Estelle, M. 2005. The F-box protein TIR1 is an auxin receptor. Nature 435(7041): 441–445.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kodaira, S., Iidaka, T., Kato, A., Park, J.-O., Iwasaki, T., and Kaneda, Y. 2004. High pore fluid pressure may cause silent slip in the Nankai Trough. Science 304(5675): 1295–1298.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Khanlari, R., and Fard, M.S. 2015. FIDIC Plant and Design-Build Form of Contract Illustrated. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Gallopoulos, E. 2016. Parallelism in Matrix Computations. In 1st ed. 2016. Edited ByB. Philippe and A.H. Sameh. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Epstein, I. 2015. No Turning Back, Neo-Liberalism Exposed. In The Whole World is Texting: Youth Protest in the Information Age. Edited by I. Epstein. SensePublishers, Rotterdam. pp. 81–113.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Unmanned Vehicle Systems.

Blog post
Evans, K. 2016, October 12. 7 Ways To Tell If Someone Is Cheating On You. IFLScience. Available from [accessed 30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2006. No Child Left Behind Act: Education Actions Needed to Improve Local Implementation and State Evaluation of Supplemental Educational Services. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Curiel, A.R. 2013. A re-examination of the Meyers and Volbrecht motor equation for the identification of suspect effort. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chira, S. 2017, June 20. Cosby Case Raises Issue Of Legal Bias. New York Times: C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pinter 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Pinter 2005; Xu and Südhof 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Xu and Südhof 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Kodaira et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Unmanned Vehicle Systems
AbbreviationJ. Unmanned Veh. Syst.
ISSN (online)2291-3467

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