How to format your references using the Journal of Unmanned Vehicle Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Unmanned Vehicle Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McGaugh, S. 2007. Astronomy. Seeing through dark matter. Science 317(5838): 607–608.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stellwagen, D., and Malenka, R.C. 2006. Synaptic scaling mediated by glial TNF-alpha. Nature 440(7087): 1054–1059.
A journal article with 3 authors
Alexander, M.H., Capecchi, G., and Werner, H.-J. 2002. Theoretical study of the validity of the Born-Oppenheimer approximation in the Cl + H2 --> HCl + H reaction. Science 296(5568): 715–718.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Erkel, C., Kube, M., Reinhardt, R., and Liesack, W. 2006. Genome of Rice Cluster I archaea--the key methane producers in the rice rhizosphere. Science 313(5785): 370–372.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Equipment Testing Procedures Committee of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers. 2014. Trayed and Packed Columns. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Lambris, J.D., and Hajishengallis, G. (Editors). 2012. Current Topics in Innate Immunity II. In 1st edition. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Kakkola, L., Hedman, K., Qiu, J., Pintel, D., and S”derlund-Venermo, M. 2009. Replication of and Protein Synthesis by TT Viruses. In TT Viruses: The Still Elusive Human Pathogens. Edited by E.-M. de Villiers and H.Z. Hausen. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. pp. 53–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Unmanned Vehicle Systems.

Blog post
Hale, T. 2016, November 15. Grime On Your Phone Can Reveal Huge Insights Into Your Life. IFLScience. Available from [accessed 30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1990. Tax System Modernization: IRS’ Challenge for the 21st Century. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Woodworth, J.W. 2017. Secure Semantic Search over Encrypted Big Data in the Cloud. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Qiu, L. 2017, October 10. That’s Not How It Went On the Deal With Iran. New York Times: A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McGaugh 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Stellwagen and Malenka 2006; McGaugh 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stellwagen and Malenka 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Erkel et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Unmanned Vehicle Systems
AbbreviationJ. Unmanned Veh. Syst.
ISSN (online)2291-3467

Other styles