How to format your references using the Journal of Unmanned Vehicle Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Unmanned Vehicle Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bouwmeester, D. 2014. Quantum mechanics. The quantum nondemolition derby. Science 344(6189): 1224–1226.
A journal article with 2 authors
Margules, C.R., and Pressey, R.L. 2000. Systematic conservation planning. Nature 405(6783): 243–253.
A journal article with 3 authors
Randau, L., Schröder, I., and Söll, D. 2008. Life without RNase P. Nature 453(7191): 120–123.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bittar, F., Keita, M.B., Lagier, J.-C., Peeters, M., Delaporte, E., and Raoult, D. 2014. Gorilla gorilla gorilla gut: a potential reservoir of pathogenic bacteria as revealed using culturomics and molecular tools. Sci. Rep. 4: 7174.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stanley, W., and Pamela, B. 2017. The Complete Guide to Fundraising Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, New Jersey.
An edited book
Kline, K.K. (Editor). 2008. Authoritative Communities: The Scientific Case for Nurturing the Whole Child. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Bliem, B., Pichler, R., and Woltran, S. 2013. Declarative Dynamic Programming as an Alternative Realization of Courcelle’s Theorem. In Parameterized and Exact Computation: 8th International Symposium, IPEC 2013, Sophia Antipolis, France, September 4-6, 2013, Revised Selected Papers. Edited by G. Gutin and S. Szeider. Springer International Publishing, Cham. pp. 28–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Unmanned Vehicle Systems.

Blog post
Andrews, R. 2016, August 30. Regularly Reading Books Prolongs Your Life By Up To Two Years. IFLScience. Available from [accessed 30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1979. Changing World of the Computer and Implications of ADP for GAO. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kim, B. 2013. Essays in the Dynamics Bayesian Models in Marketing. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J. 2017, August 31. War Is Hell? No, One-Dimensional. New York Times: AR116.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bouwmeester 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Margules and Pressey 2000; Bouwmeester 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Margules and Pressey 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Bittar et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Unmanned Vehicle Systems
AbbreviationJ. Unmanned Veh. Syst.
ISSN (online)2291-3467

Other styles