How to format your references using the Journal of Unmanned Vehicle Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Unmanned Vehicle Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bergman, L. 2005. Damned if you don’t. Nature 435(7044): 1002.
A journal article with 2 authors
Boos, W.R., and Kuang, Z. 2010. Dominant control of the South Asian monsoon by orographic insulation versus plateau heating. Nature 463(7278): 218–222.
A journal article with 3 authors
Meloso, D., Copic, J., and Bossaerts, P. 2009. Promoting intellectual discovery: patents versus markets. Science 323(5919): 1335–1339.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Aragón, T., van Anken, E., Pincus, D., Serafimova, I.M., Korennykh, A.V., Rubio, C.A., and Walter, P. 2009. Messenger RNA targeting to endoplasmic reticulum stress signalling sites. Nature 457(7230): 736–740.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bragg, S.M. 2011. The New CEO Corporate Leadership Manual. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Wolfsberg, M. 2009. Isotope Effects: in the Chemical, Geological, and Bio Sciences. Edited ByW.A. Hook, P. Paneth, and L.P.N. Rebelo. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Mu, G.M. 2016. Negotiating Chineseness and Capitalising on Resources Through Learning Chinese Heritage Language: Habitus and Capital in Fields. In Everyday Knowledge, Education and Sustainable Futures: Transdisciplinary Approaches in the Asia-Pacific Region. Edited by M. Robertson and P.K.E. Tsang. Springer, Singapore. pp. 41–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Unmanned Vehicle Systems.

Blog post
Hale, T. 2016, August 25. What Is It Like To Dream If You’re Blind? IFLScience. [accessed 30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1986. Data Security Software. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gunathilaka, D. 2015. Compliance with dietary restrictions among African American older adults with chronic kidney disease in a nursing home setting. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stubbs, J., and Reyes, R. 2016, September 16. Don’t Waste Your Vote. Trade It. New York Times: A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bergman 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Bergman 2005; Boos and Kuang 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Boos and Kuang 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Aragón et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Unmanned Vehicle Systems
AbbreviationJ. Unmanned Veh. Syst.
ISSN (online)2291-3467

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