How to format your references using the Journal of Unmanned Vehicle Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Unmanned Vehicle Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ritson, D. 2003. Fuel for thought. Nature 421(6923): 575–576.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fischer, J., and Loss, D. 2009. Physics. Dealing with decoherence. Science 324(5932): 1277–1278.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, P.-Y., Weng, J., and Anderson, R.G.W. 2005. OSBP is a cholesterol-regulated scaffolding protein in control of ERK 1/2 activation. Science 307(5714): 1472–1476.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chen, J.-Y., Bottjer, D.J., Oliveri, P., Dornbos, S.Q., Gao, F., Ruffins, S., Chi, H., Li, C.-W., and Davidson, E.H. 2004. Small bilaterian fossils from 40 to 55 million years before the cambrian. Science 305(5681): 218–222.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sox, H.C., Higgins, M.C., and Owens, D.K. 2013. Medical Decision Making. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Pons-Lladó, G. (Editor). 2016. Protocols for Cardiac MR and CT: A Guide to Study Planning and Image Interpretation. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Boothby, B. 2015. Autonomous Attack—Opportunity or Spectre? In Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law 2013. Edited by T.D. Gill, R. Geiß, R. Heinsch, T. McCormack, C. Paulussen, and J. Dorsey. T.M.C. Asser Press, The Hague. pp. 71–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Unmanned Vehicle Systems.

Blog post
Fang, J. 2014, November 5. It May Benefit Lady Birds to Get Divorced. IFLScience. Available from [accessed 30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2014. Aviation Safety: FAA Should Improve Usability of its Online Application System and Clarity of the Pilot’s Medical Form. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Denney, V.P. 2014. Achieving a Competitive Advantage through Ethical Business Practices: An Ethnographical Case Study. Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker, L. 2006, May 7. A Community Comes to a University. New York Times: RE11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ritson 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Ritson 2003; Fischer and Loss 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fischer and Loss 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Unmanned Vehicle Systems
AbbreviationJ. Unmanned Veh. Syst.
ISSN (online)2291-3467

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