How to format your references using the Journal of Unmanned Vehicle Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Unmanned Vehicle Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Peitgen, H.-O. 2010. Retrospective. Benoît B. Mandelbrot (1924-2010). Science 330(6006): 926.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hellman, A., and Chess, A. 2007. Gene body-specific methylation on the active X chromosome. Science 315(5815): 1141–1143.
A journal article with 3 authors
Doeller, C.F., Barry, C., and Burgess, N. 2010. Evidence for grid cells in a human memory network. Nature 463(7281): 657–661.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kishi, M., Pan, Y.A., Crump, J.G., and Sanes, J.R. 2005. Mammalian SAD kinases are required for neuronal polarization. Science 307(5711): 929–932.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nathanail, C.P., and Bardos, R.P. 2005. Reclamation of Contaminated Land. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Reddy, N. 2015. Innovative Biofibers from Renewable Resources. Edited ByY. Yang. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Köhler, M., Moldt, D., Rölke, H., and Valk, R. 2005. Linking Micro and Macro Description of Scalable Social Systems Using Reference Nets. In Socionics: Scalability of Complex Social Systems. Edited by K. Fischer, M. Florian, and T. Malsch. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. pp. 51–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Unmanned Vehicle Systems.

Blog post
Luntz, S. 2017, February 22. How Termites Came To Build The World’s Greatest “Skyscrapers.” IFLScience. Available from [accessed 30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2005. Aviation Security: Federal Air Marshal Service Could Benefit from Improved Planning and Controls. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Allyasin, F. 2010. Low-cost frequency-domain methods of ruby fluorescence lifetime measurements. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lohr, S. 2017, June 12. G.E., Pressured By Its Investors, Changes Leader. New York Times: A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Peitgen 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Hellman and Chess 2007; Peitgen 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hellman and Chess 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Kishi et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Unmanned Vehicle Systems
AbbreviationJ. Unmanned Veh. Syst.
ISSN (online)2291-3467

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