How to format your references using the Journal of Unconventional Oil and Gas Resources citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Unconventional Oil and Gas Resources. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wootton, J.T., 2001. Local interactions predict large-scale pattern in empirically derived cellular automata. Nature 413, 841–844.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lacroix, B., Citovsky, V., 2013. Characterization of VIP1 activity as a transcriptional regulator in vitro and in planta. Sci. Rep. 3, 2440.
A journal article with 3 authors
Grafton, R.Q., Kompas, T., Hilborn, R.W., 2007. Economics of overexploitation revisited. Science 318, 1601.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kory, N., Wyant, G.A., Prakash, G., Uit de Bos, J., Bottanelli, F., Pacold, M.E., Chan, S.H., Lewis, C.A., Wang, T., Keys, H.R., Guo, Y.E., Sabatini, D.M., 2018. SFXN1 is a mitochondrial serine transporter required for one-carbon metabolism. Science 362.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Godula-Jopek, A., Jehle, W., Wellnitz, J., 2012. Hydrogen Storage Technologies. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Ma, J., 2007. Forward-Backward Stochastic Differential Equations and their Applications, Lecture Notes in Mathematics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Carey, F.A., Sundberg, R.J., 2007. Polar Addition and Elimination Reactions, in: Sundberg, R.J. (Ed.), Advanced Organic Chemistry: Part A: Structure and Mechanisms, Advanced Organic Chemistry. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 473–577.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Unconventional Oil and Gas Resources.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Toyota To Follow In Tesla’s Footsteps By Releasing Its Fuel-Cell Patents [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2008. Nanotechnology: Accuracy of Data on Federally Funded Environmental, Health, and Safety Research Could Be Improved (No. GAO-08-709T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Krishna, V., 2008. Exploring organizational commitment from an organizational perspective: Organizational learning as a determinant of affective commitment in Indian software firms (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J., 2017. The Way We Were (and Are and Could Be). New York Times BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ruth, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Oppenheim, 2008; Smaglik, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lacroix and Citovsky, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Verbiscer et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Unconventional Oil and Gas Resources
ISSN (print)2213-3976
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

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