How to format your references using the Journal of Unconventional Oil and Gas Resources citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Unconventional Oil and Gas Resources. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Piccirilli, J.A., 2008. Biochemistry. Toward understanding self-splicing. Science 320, 56–57.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhang, M., Barash, S., 2000. Neuronal switching of sensorimotor transformations for antisaccades. Nature 408, 971–975.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jeon, S.-M., Chandel, N.S., Hay, N., 2012. AMPK regulates NADPH homeostasis to promote tumour cell survival during energy stress. Nature 485, 661–665.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hassey, R., Swain, E.J., Hammer, N.I., Venkataraman, D., Barnes, M.D., 2006. Probing the chiroptical response of a single molecule. Science 314, 1437–1439.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chassaing, R., 2004. Digital Signal Processing and Applications with the C6713 and C6416 DSK. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Saliot, A. (Ed.), 2005. The Mediterranean Sea, Handbook of Environmental Chemistry. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Shabtai, A., Elovici, Y., Rokach, L., 2012. Data Leakage/Misuse Scenarios, in: Elovici, Y., Rokach, L. (Eds.), A Survey of Data Leakage Detection and Prevention Solutions, SpringerBriefs in Computer Science. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 39–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Unconventional Oil and Gas Resources.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2017. So You Can Now 3D Print Sculptures Made Of American Cheese [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2016. Polar Weather Satellites: NOAA Is Working to Ensure Continuity but Needs to Quickly Address Information Security Weaknesses and Future Program Uncertainties (No. GAO-16-359). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hobbs, E., 2017. Rehearing Florence Price: A Closer Look at Her Symphony in E Minor (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K., 2009. A Tea ‘Room,’ on 2 Floors. New York Times NJ12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Piccirilli, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Piccirilli, 2008; Zhang and Barash, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zhang and Barash, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Hassey et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Unconventional Oil and Gas Resources
ISSN (print)2213-3976
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

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