How to format your references using the Journal of Unconventional Oil and Gas Resources citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Unconventional Oil and Gas Resources. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wang, S., 2009. Journal club. A neuroscientist explores the energy efficiency of the brain. Nature 461, 851.
A journal article with 2 authors
Masiello, C.A., Louchouarn, P., 2013. Ecology. Fire in the ocean. Science 340, 287–288.
A journal article with 3 authors
Harper, S.M., Neil, L.C., Gardner, K.H., 2003. Structural basis of a phototropin light switch. Science 301, 1541–1544.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Dodson, J., Dodson, E., Banati, R., Li, X., Atahan, P., Hu, S., Middleton, R.J., Zhou, X., Nan, S., 2014. Oldest directly dated remains of sheep in China. Sci. Rep. 4, 7170.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sericola, B., 2013. Markov Chains. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA.
An edited book
Deng, C., Ma, L., Lin, W., Ngan, K.N. (Eds.), 2015. Visual Signal Quality Assessment: Quality of Experience (QoE). Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Hougaard, S., Bjerre, M., 2009. Customer Loyalty and Business Economics, in: Bjerre, M. (Ed.), The Relationship Marketer: Rethinking Strategic Relationship Marketing. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 65–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Unconventional Oil and Gas Resources.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Sexist Peer Reviewer Suggests Study Needs Male Authors [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1976. Contract Award by the Federal Power Commission for Developing and Installing a Regulatory Information System (No. RED-76-59). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Holbert, M., 2010. Knowledge is power (KIP): Kinship caregiver support group program curriculum (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C., 2007. Five Smart Moves and Five Big Mistakes. New York Times F4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wang, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Masiello and Louchouarn, 2013; Wang, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Masiello and Louchouarn, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Dodson et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Unconventional Oil and Gas Resources
ISSN (print)2213-3976
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Other styles