How to format your references using the Journal of Unconventional Oil and Gas Resources citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Unconventional Oil and Gas Resources. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Savage, N., 2014. Born in the blood. Nature 515, S158-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rubinoff, D., Haines, W.P., 2005. Web-spinning caterpillar stalks snails. Science 309, 575.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pepe, F., Ehrenreich, D., Meyer, M.R., 2014. Instrumentation for the detection and characterization of exoplanets. Nature 513, 358–366.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Inoue, K., Kohda, T., Lee, J., Ogonuki, N., Mochida, K., Noguchi, Y., Tanemura, K., Kaneko-Ishino, T., Ishino, F., Ogura, A., 2002. Faithful expression of imprinted genes in cloned mice. Science 295, 297.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Frank, P., Ottoboni, M.A., 2011. The Dose Makes the Poison. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Vallar, G., Cantagallo, A., Cappa, S.F., Zoccolotti, P. (Eds.), 2012. La riabilitazione neuropsicologica: Un’analisi basata sul metodo evidence-based medicine. Springer, Milano.
A chapter in an edited book
Clarke, R., 2012. PIAs in Australia: A Work-In-Progress Report, in: Wright, D., Hert, P.D. (Eds.), Privacy Impact Assessment. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 119–148.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Unconventional Oil and Gas Resources.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Study On Near-Death Experiences Sheds Light On Consciousness After Death [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2008. Bureau of Indian Education Schools: Improving Interior’s Assistance Would Help Some Tribal Groups Implement Academic Accountability Systems (No. GAO-08-679). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mylonas, A., 2014. “Women are the pillars of the family”: Athenian women’s survival strategies during economic crisis (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J., Wingfield, N., 2017. Amazon Suspends Executive Accused of Sex Harassment. New York Times B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Savage, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Rubinoff and Haines, 2005; Savage, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rubinoff and Haines, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Inoue et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Unconventional Oil and Gas Resources
ISSN (print)2213-3976
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

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