How to format your references using the Journal of Unconventional Oil and Gas Resources citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Unconventional Oil and Gas Resources. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hotamisligil, G.S., 2006. Inflammation and metabolic disorders. Nature 444, 860–867.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rammig, A., Mahecha, M.D., 2015. Ecology: Ecosystem responses to climate extremes. Nature 527, 315–316.
A journal article with 3 authors
Manabe, M., Barrett, P.M., Isaji, S., 2000. Palaeontology. A refugium for relics? Nature 404, 953.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ishikawa, T., Yamaoka, H., Harada, Y., Fujii, T., Nagasawa, T., 2002. A general process for in situ formation of functional surface layers on ceramics. Nature 416, 64–67.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Corsi, P., Dulieu, M., 2013. The Marketing of Technology Intensive Products and Services. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Olivetti, L., 2008. Diagnostica per immagini dell’apparato urogenitale. Springer, Milano.
A chapter in an edited book
Ekoff, M., Nilsson, G., 2011. Mast Cell Apoptosis and Survival, in: Gilfillan, A.M., Metcalfe, D.D. (Eds.), Mast Cell Biology: Contemporary and Emerging Topics, Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 47–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Unconventional Oil and Gas Resources.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2015. Measles Denier Forced To Pay €100,000 To Doctor Who Proved Measles Is A Virus [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2003. Aviation Assistance: Information on Payments Made Under the Disaster Relief and Insurance Reimbursement Programs (No. GAO-03-1156R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tang, J., 2013. Understanding the college experiences of Cambodian American students (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Marx, L., 2015. Going Into Marriage With Eyes Wide Open. New York Times ST17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hotamisligil, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Hotamisligil, 2006; Rammig and Mahecha, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rammig and Mahecha, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Ishikawa et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Unconventional Oil and Gas Resources
ISSN (print)2213-3976
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

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