How to format your references using the Journal of Unconventional Oil and Gas Resources citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Unconventional Oil and Gas Resources. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Büttiker, M., 2009. Physics. Edge-state physics without magnetic fields. Science 325, 278–279.
A journal article with 2 authors
Turelli, P., Trono, D., 2005. Editing at the crossroad of innate and adaptive immunity. Science 307, 1061–1065.
A journal article with 3 authors
Messenger, S., Keller, L.P., Lauretta, D.S., 2005. Supernova olivine from cometary dust. Science 309, 737–741.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lim, S.P., Pandikumar, A., Lim, Y.S., Huang, N.M., Lim, H.N., 2014. In-situ electrochemically deposited polypyrrole nanoparticles incorporated reduced graphene oxide as an efficient counter electrode for platinum-free dye-sensitized solar cells. Sci. Rep. 4, 5305.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grant, G., 2012. Ecosystem Services Come to Town. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Hospers, G.-J., 2015. Managing Population Decline in Europe’s Urban and Rural Areas, SpringerBriefs in Population Studies. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Baran, J., Barringer, H., 2008. Forays into Sequential Composition and Concatenation in Eagle, in: Leucker, M. (Ed.), Runtime Verification: 8th International Workshop, RV 2008, Budapest, Hungary, March 30, 2008. Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 69–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Unconventional Oil and Gas Resources.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. The Oceans Are Becoming Too Hot For Coral, And Sooner Than We Expected [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1987. Aviation Safety: Commuter Airports Should Participate in the Airport Certification Program (No. RCED-88-41). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Baldasaro, R.E., 2013. Person level analysis in latent growth curve models (Doctoral dissertation). University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2005. A Ceremonial Start to the Session as the Supreme Court Welcomes a New Chief Justice. New York Times A25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Büttiker, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Büttiker, 2009; Turelli and Trono, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Turelli and Trono, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Lim et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Unconventional Oil and Gas Resources
ISSN (print)2213-3976
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

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