How to format your references using the Journal of Unconventional Oil and Gas Resources citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Unconventional Oil and Gas Resources. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Weiss, U., 2008. Inflammation. Nature 454, 427.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hajnóczky, G., Hoek, J.B., 2007. Cell signaling. Mitochondrial longevity pathways. Science 315, 607–609.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gridi-Papp, M., Rand, A.S., Ryan, M.J., 2006. Animal communication: complex call production in the túngara frog. Nature 441, 38.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang, S.X., Sun, N.X., Yamaguchi, M., Yabukami, S., 2000. Properties of a new soft magnetic material. Nature 407, 150–151.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Segal, H.P., 2012. Utopias. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Schumann, A.H. (Ed.), 2011. Flood Risk Assessment and Management: How to Specify Hydrological Loads, Their Consequences and Uncertainties. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Chaganti, L.K., Singh, N., Bose, K., 2015. Cathepsins and HtrAs – Multitasking Proteases in Programmed Cell Death, in: Bose, K. (Ed.), Proteases in Apoptosis: Pathways, Protocols and Translational Advances. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 95–141.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Unconventional Oil and Gas Resources.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016. The Brain’s Cannabis Receptors Have Been Imaged For The First Time [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1978. Recommendation for Improving Testing of EF-111A Tactical Jamming System (No. PSAD-78-130). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Benson, M.K., 2010. Joint -service integration: An organizational culture study of the United States Department of Defense voluntary education system (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B., Rashbaum, W.K., 2017. Entrepreneur Behind Fyre Festival Is Arrested on Charges of Federal Wire Fraud. New York Times A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Weiss, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Hajnóczky and Hoek, 2007; Weiss, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hajnóczky and Hoek, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Unconventional Oil and Gas Resources
ISSN (print)2213-3976
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

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