How to format your references using the Journal of Unconventional Oil and Gas Resources citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Unconventional Oil and Gas Resources. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Butler, D., 2000. French lab seeks recipe for success. Nature 407, 551.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sharma, P., Allison, J.P., 2015. The future of immune checkpoint therapy. Science 348, 56–61.
A journal article with 3 authors
Merritt, J.M., Bondybey, V.E., Heaven, M.C., 2009. Beryllium dimer--caught in the act of bonding. Science 324, 1548–1551.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chen, E.S., Zhang, K., Nicolas, E., Cam, H.P., Zofall, M., Grewal, S.I.S., 2008. Cell cycle control of centromeric repeat transcription and heterochromatin assembly. Nature 451, 734–737.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Seagal, Z.M., Surnina, O.M., 2016. Ultrasonic Topographical and Pathotopographical Anatomy. John Wiley &;#38; Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Queffélec, H., 2013. Diophantine Approximation and Dirichlet Series. Hindustan Book Agency, Gurgaon.
A chapter in an edited book
Pan, I., Das, S., 2013. Multi-objective Fractional Order Controller Design with Evolutionary Algorithms, in: Das, S. (Ed.), Intelligent Fractional Order Systems and Control: An Introduction, Studies in Computational Intelligence. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 133–146.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Unconventional Oil and Gas Resources.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Chimpanzee Thievery Caught On Film [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1975. Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) Development and the Ability of the Department of the Interior To Administer Such a Program (No. 096973). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rice, H.J., 2010. Before the Storm: Evacuation Intention and Audience Segmentation (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2007. Court Backs Police Officers In Chase That Hurt Driver. New York Times A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Butler, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Butler, 2000; Sharma and Allison, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sharma and Allison, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Unconventional Oil and Gas Resources
ISSN (print)2213-3976
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

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