How to format your references using the Journal of Unconventional Oil and Gas Resources citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Unconventional Oil and Gas Resources. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zars, T., 2012. Physiology. She said no, pass me a beer. Science 335, 1309–1310.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vert, G., Chory, J., 2006. Downstream nuclear events in brassinosteroid signalling. Nature 441, 96–100.
A journal article with 3 authors
López, C.A., de Vries, A.H., Marrink, S.J., 2013. Computational microscopy of cyclodextrin mediated cholesterol extraction from lipid model membranes. Sci. Rep. 3, 2071.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Clarke, G., Collins, R.A., Leavitt, B.R., Andrews, D.F., Hayden, M.R., Lumsden, C.J., McInnes, R.R., 2000. A one-hit model of cell death in inherited neuronal degenerations. Nature 406, 195–199.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chang, C.M., 2010. Service Systems Management and Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Carey, R.M. (Ed.), 2007. Hypertension and Hormone Mechanisms, Contemporary Endocrinology. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ.
A chapter in an edited book
Goldenberg, E., Gilbert, B.R., 2015. Scrotal Ultrasound, in: Gilbert, B.R. (Ed.), Ultrasound of the Male Genitalia. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 75–124.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Unconventional Oil and Gas Resources.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2017. Hawaii Becomes First State To Pass Law That Aligns With The Paris Agreement [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1992. High Risk Series: NASA Contract Management (No. HR-93-11). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kantar, L., 2010. Clinical judgment among new nursing graduates: A multiple-case study (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gorman, J., 2016. Judge Allows Departure of 7 Chimps to England. New York Times A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zars, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Vert and Chory, 2006; Zars, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vert and Chory, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Clarke et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Unconventional Oil and Gas Resources
ISSN (print)2213-3976
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

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