How to format your references using the International Journal of Sport Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Sport Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Webb B. Robots in invertebrate neuroscience. Nature 2002; 417: 359–363
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Weygand-Durasevic I, Ibba M. Cell biology. New roles for codon usage. Science 2010; 329: 1473–1474
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Beldade P, Koops K, Brakefield PM. Developmental constraints versus flexibility in morphological evolution. Nature 2002; 416: 844–847
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1
Ramsey IS, Moran MM, Chong JA, Clapham DE. A voltage-gated proton-selective channel lacking the pore domain. Nature 2006; 440: 1213–1216

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Ndjountche T. Digital Electronics 1. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2016
An edited book
1
Abu-Khalaf M. Nonlinear H2/H∞ Constrained Feedback Control: A Practical Design Approach Using Neural Networks. London: Springer, 2006
A chapter in an edited book
1
Cesare S, Xiang Y. Formal Methods of Program Analysis. In: Xiang Y (ed.). Software Similarity and Classification. London: Springer, 2012: 29–39

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Sport Medicine.

Blog post
1
Andrew E. Why Violent Psychopaths Don’t ‘Get’ Punishment. IFLScience 2015; Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/brain/why-violent-psychopaths-don-t-get-punishment/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Federally Funded Math and Science Materials. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2000

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Goldstein DL. Integration of geospatial technologies into K–12 curriculum: An investigation of teacher and student perceptions and student academic achievement. 2010;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Kenigsberg B. Film Series. New York Times 2017; C28

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [4,5,7,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Sport Medicine
AbbreviationInt. J. Sports Med.
ISSN (print)0172-4622
ISSN (online)1439-3964
ScopeOrthopedics and Sports Medicine

Other styles