How to format your references using the International Journal of Sport Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Sport Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Kenyon G. Major UK cancer research charities to consider merger. Nature 2001; 409: 4
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Vanorio T, Kanitpanyacharoen W. ROCK PHYSICS. Rock physics of fibrous rocks akin to Roman concrete explains uplifts at Campi Flegrei Caldera. Science 2015; 349: 617–621
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Antón SC, Potts R, Aiello LC. Human evolution. Evolution of early Homo: an integrated biological perspective. Science 2014; 345: 1236828
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1
Beaufort L, de Garidel-Thoron T, Mix AC, Pisias NG. ENSO-like forcing on oceanic primary production during the Late Pleistocene. Science 2001; 293: 2440–2444

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Esmailzadeh R. Broadband Wireless Communications Business. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2006
An edited book
1
Pitkänen P, Içduygu A, Sert D (eds.). Migration and Transformation: Multi-Level Analysis of Migrant Transnationalism. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2012
A chapter in an edited book
1
Emsley JG, Macklis JD. Responses of the Adult SVZ to Neuronal Death and Injury. In: Levison SW (ed.). Mammalian Subventricular Zones: Their Roles in Brain Development, Cell Replacement and Disease. Boston, MA: Springer US, 2006: 159–184

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Sport Medicine.

Blog post
1
Fang J. Toxin Resistance Suggests That Evolution Can Be Predictable. IFLScience 2015; Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/toxin-resistance-suggests-evolution-can-be-predictable/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Education and Workforce Data: Challenges in Matching Student and Worker Information Raise Concerns about Longitudinal Data Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2014

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Anyaoha AL. Surgical time-out: A nursing team training approach. 2013;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Gustines GG. Revisiting an Effort to Expose the Evils of ‘Mein Kampf.’ New York Times 2016; C2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [4,6–8].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Sport Medicine
AbbreviationInt. J. Sports Med.
ISSN (print)0172-4622
ISSN (online)1439-3964
ScopeOrthopedics and Sports Medicine

Other styles