How to format your references using the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hoeijmakers, J. H. (2001). Genome maintenance mechanisms for preventing cancer. Nature, 411(6835), 366–374.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gerardot, B. D., & Ohberg, P. (2009). Physics. A strongly driven spin. Science (New York, N.Y.), 326(5959), 1489–1490.
A journal article with 3 authors
Aravind, L., Dixit, V. M., & Koonin, E. V. (2001). Apoptotic molecular machinery: vastly increased complexity in vertebrates revealed by genome comparisons. Science (New York, N.Y.), 291(5507), 1279–1284.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Bale, R., Shirgaonkar, A. A., Neveln, I. D., Bhalla, A. P. S., MacIver, M. A., & Patankar, N. A. (2014). Separability of drag and thrust in undulatory animals and machines. Scientific Reports, 4, 7329.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zepernick, H.-J., & Finger, A. (2005). Pseudo Random Signal Processing. John Wiley & Sons Ltd,.
An edited book
Schmidt-Traub, H. (2006). Integrated Reaction and Separation Operations: Modelling and experimental validation (A. Górak, Ed.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Lucas, J. C., Schroeder, D., Arnason, G., Andanda, P., Kimani, J., Fournier, V., & Krishnamurthy, M. (2013). Donating Human Samples: Who Benefits? Cases from Iceland, Kenya and Indonesia. In D. Schroeder & J. Cook Lucas (Eds.), Benefit Sharing: From Biodiversity to Human Genetics (pp. 95–127). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, June 29). Why Did SpaceX’s Rocket Explode In The Atmosphere? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1994). Highway Planning: Agencies Are Attempting to Expedite Environmental Reviews, but Barriers Remain (RCED-94-211). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Porter, J. (2010). Closing the classroom door: Denying the political, embracing the moral [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2011, February 16). Sports Share the Stage at the White House. New York Times, B16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hoeijmakers, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Gerardot & Ohberg, 2009; Hoeijmakers, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gerardot & Ohberg, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Aravind et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Bale et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
AbbreviationJ. Pers. Soc. Psychol.
ISSN (print)0022-3514
ISSN (online)1939-1315
ScopeSocial Psychology
Sociology and Political Science

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