How to format your references using the Journal of Turbomachinery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Turbomachinery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jackson, M., 2004, “Recruiters and Industry,” Nature, 428(6981), p. 450.
A journal article with 2 authors
Padhi, A., and Ma, L., 2014, “Genetic and Epidemiological Insights into the Emergence of Peste Des Petits Ruminants Virus (PPRV) across Asia and Africa,” Sci. Rep., 4, p. 7040.
A journal article with 3 authors
Häkkinen, S., Rhines, P. B., and Worthen, D. L., 2011, “Atmospheric Blocking and Atlantic Multidecadal Ocean Variability,” Science, 334(6056), pp. 655–659.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang, Z., Carter, J. A., Lagutchev, A., Koh, Y. K., Seong, N.-H., Cahill, D. G., and Dlott, D. D., 2007, “Ultrafast Flash Thermal Conductance of Molecular Chains,” Science, 317(5839), pp. 787–790.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Krasner, D., 2011, A History of Modern Drama, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Denz, C., Flach, S., and Kivshar, Y. S., eds., 2010, Nonlinearities in Periodic Structures and Metamaterials, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Yehezkel, C., and Haberman, B., 2006, “Bridging the Gap Between School Computing and the ‘Real World,’” Informatics Education – The Bridge between Using and Understanding Computers: International Conference in Informatics in Secondary Schools – Evolution and Perspectives, ISSEP 2006, Vilnius, Lithuania, November 7-11, 2006. Proceedings, R.T. Mittermeir, ed., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 38–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Turbomachinery.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015, “3D Printed Bionic Hand Wins Dyson Award,” IFLScience [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1985, [Query Concerning Legality of Transfer of Japan-United States Friendship Commission Funds], B-217093, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Viator, L., 2017, “Thanatos,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S., 2006, “At a Russian Hospital, Art Inspires Children,” New York Times, p. B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Turbomachinery
AbbreviationJ. Turbomach. Trans. ASME
ISSN (print)0889-504X
ISSN (online)1528-8900
ScopeMechanical Engineering

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