How to format your references using the Journal of Turbomachinery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Turbomachinery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tobalske, B. W., 2009, “Evolution. Symmetry in Turns,” Science, 324(5924), pp. 190–191.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sourjik, V., and Berg, H. C., 2004, “Functional Interactions between Receptors in Bacterial Chemotaxis,” Nature, 428(6981), pp. 437–441.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sánchez-Villagra, M. R., Aguilera, O., and Horovitz, I., 2003, “The Anatomy of the World’s Largest Extinct Rodent,” Science, 301(5640), pp. 1708–1710.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mackler, J. M., Drummond, J. A., Loewen, C. A., Robinson, I. M., and Reist, N. E., 2002, “The C(2)B Ca(2+)-Binding Motif of Synaptotagmin Is Required for Synaptic Transmission in Vivo,” Nature, 418(6895), pp. 340–344.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sagolla, D., 2009, 140 Characters, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Bain, P. A., 2009, Effective Migraine Treatment in Pregnant and Lactating Women: A Practical Guide, Humana Press, Totowa, NJ.
A chapter in an edited book
Hsiao, C.-P., and Johnson, B. R., 2011, “TiMBA – Tangible User Interface for Model Building and Analysis,” Human-Computer Interaction. Interaction Techniques and Environments: 14th International Conference, HCI International 2011, Orlando, FL, USA, July 9-14, 2011, Proceedings, Part II, J.A. Jacko, ed., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 43–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Turbomachinery.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014, “Researchers Develop Octopus-Inspired, Color-Changing Camouflage Material,” IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1979, Federal Research Grants: Maintaining Public Accountability Without Inhibiting Creative Research, 094378, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cooper, J., 2017, “Numerical Modeling of Fluid Flow in a Porous Media Using Python,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B., 2017, “Film Series,” New York Times, p. C28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Turbomachinery
AbbreviationJ. Turbomach. Trans. ASME
ISSN (print)0889-504X
ISSN (online)1528-8900
ScopeMechanical Engineering

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