How to format your references using the Journal of Turbomachinery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Turbomachinery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Valadkhan, S., 2005, “Young Scientist Award Essay Winner. Construction of a Minimal, Protein-Free Spliceosome,” Science, 307(5711), pp. 863–864.
A journal article with 2 authors
van Loosdrecht, M. C. M., and Brdjanovic, D., 2014, “Water Treatment. Anticipating the next Century of Wastewater Treatment,” Science, 344(6191), pp. 1452–1453.
A journal article with 3 authors
Whitmire, E., Khan, B., and Coué, M., 2002, “Cdc6 Synthesis Regulates Replication Competence in Xenopus Oocytes,” Nature, 419(6908), pp. 722–725.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Park, K., Lee, J., Kim, H.-M., Choi, K.-S., and Hwang, G., 2014, “Discrete Regenerative Fuel Cell Reduces Hysteresis for Sustainable Cycling of Water,” Sci. Rep., 4, p. 4592.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Valière, J.-C., 2014, Acoustic Particle Velocity Measurements Using Lasers, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Nepal, S., Paris, C., and Georgakopoulos, D., eds., 2015, Social Media for Government Services, Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Ignaciuk, P., and Bartoszewicz, A., 2013, “Flow Control in Continuous-Time Systems,” Congestion Control in Data Transmission Networks: Sliding Mode and Other Designs, A. Bartoszewicz, ed., Springer, London, pp. 61–86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Turbomachinery.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2017, “Jupiter Is Even More Weird And Wonderful Than We Thought,” IFLScience [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2014, Federally Funded Research Centers: Agency Reviews of Employee Compensation and Center Performance, GAO-14-593, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yates, S. L., 2010, “Asian Indian Women with Gestational Diabetes Improving Care for Mothers and Babies ‘Dals, Dosas and Me,’” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Protess, B., and Goldstein, M., 2017, “Filing Raises Questions for Nominee to the S.E.C,” New York Times, p. A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Turbomachinery
AbbreviationJ. Turbomach. Trans. ASME
ISSN (print)0889-504X
ISSN (online)1528-8900
ScopeMechanical Engineering

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