How to format your references using the Journal of Turbomachinery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Turbomachinery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain, C., 2000, “AAAS Members Fret over Links with Theological Foundation,” Nature, 403(6772), p. 819.
A journal article with 2 authors
Geisler, J. H., and Theodor, J. M., 2009, “Hippopotamus and Whale Phylogeny,” Nature, 458(7236), pp. E1-4; discussion E5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xue, S., Calvin, K., and Li, H., 2006, “RNA Recognition and Cleavage by a Splicing Endonuclease,” Science, 312(5775), pp. 906–910.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tai, K., Houlahan, T. J., Jr, Eden, J. G., and Dillon, S. J., 2013, “Integration of Microplasma with Transmission Electron Microscopy: Real-Time Observation of Gold Sputtering and Island Formation,” Sci. Rep., 3, p. 1325.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nagasawa, M., 2015, Physical Chemistry of Polyelectrolyte Solutions: Advances in Chemical Physics, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Steiber, A., 2016, The Silicon Valley Model: Management for Entrepreneurship, Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Goodess, C. M., Agnew, M. D., Giannakopoulos, C., Hemming, D., Salem, S. B., Bindi, M., Bradai, M. N., Congedi, L., Dibari, C., El-Askary, H., El-Fadel, M., El-Raey, M., Ferrise, R., Founda, D., Grünzweig, J. M., Harzallah, A., Hatzaki, M., Kay, G., Lionello, P., Aranda, C. M., Oweis, T., Sierra, J. P., Psiloglou, B., Reale, M., Sánchez-Arcilla, A., Senouci, M., Tanzarella, A., and Varotsos, K. V., 2013, “Integration of the Climate Impact Assessments with Future Projections,” Regional Assessment of Climate Change in the Mediterranean: Volume 3: Case Studies, A. Navarra, and L. Tubiana, eds., Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 105–162.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Turbomachinery.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2013, “In The Search For Alien Life, Little Green Men Are Out and Purple Bacteria Are In,” IFLScience [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997, Measuring Performance: Strengths and Limitations of Research Indicators, RCED-97-91, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ko, T.-C. T., 2008, “The ALISA Delta(CRC) Classifier for Natural Surfaces: Viewpoint-Invariant and Illumination-Invariant Classification of Natural Surfaces Using General-Purpose Color and Texture Features with the ALISA Delta(CRC) Classifier,” Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W., 2016, “Pension System Move May Squeeze Taxpayers,” New York Times, p. B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Turbomachinery
AbbreviationJ. Turbomach. Trans. ASME
ISSN (print)0889-504X
ISSN (online)1528-8900
ScopeMechanical Engineering

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