How to format your references using the Journal of Turbomachinery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Turbomachinery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Udem, T., 2005, “Chemistry. Short and Sharp-Spectroscopy with Frequency Combs,” Science, 307(5708), pp. 364–365.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wolfe, M. S., and Kopan, R., 2004, “Intramembrane Proteolysis: Theme and Variations,” Science, 305(5687), pp. 1119–1123.
A journal article with 3 authors
Beatty, C. D., Beirinckx, K., and Sherratt, T. N., 2004, “The Evolution of Müllerian Mimicry in Multispecies Communities,” Nature, 431(7004), pp. 63–66.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Unnithan, V. V., Unc, A., Joe, V., and Smith, G. B., 2014, “Short RNA Indicator Sequences Are Not Completely Degraded by Autoclaving,” Sci. Rep., 4, p. 4070.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Glover, F., Klingman, D., and Phillips, N. V., 1992, Network Models in Optimization and Their Applications in Practice, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Goertzel, B., Orseau, L., and Snaider, J., eds., 2014, Artificial General Intelligence: 7th International Conference, AGI 2014, Quebec City, QC, Canada, August 1-4, 2014. Proceedings, Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Indriago, C., Cardin, O., Rakoto, N., Chacón, E., and Castagna, P., 2015, “Application of Holonic Paradigm to Hybrid Processes: Case of a Water Treatment Process,” Service Orientation in Holonic and Multi-Agent Manufacturing, T. Borangiu, A. Thomas, and D. Trentesaux, eds., Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 39–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Turbomachinery.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014, “Jaguar Attacks Caiman,” IFLScience [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2007, Information Technology: Census Bureau Needs to Improve Its Risk Management of Decennial Systems, GAO-08-79, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nespoli, G., 2017, “Impact of Supervisor Support on Employee Job Satisfaction Among Fundraising Staff Within Higher Education,” Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2007, “Supreme Court to Hear Appeal Of Mexican Death Row Inmate,” New York Times, p. A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Turbomachinery
AbbreviationJ. Turbomach. Trans. ASME
ISSN (print)0889-504X
ISSN (online)1528-8900
ScopeMechanical Engineering

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