How to format your references using the Journal of Turbomachinery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Turbomachinery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dulac, C., 2006, “Neuroscience. Charting Olfactory Maps,” Science, 314(5799), pp. 606–607.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bourne, H. R., and Weiner, O., 2002, “A Chemical Compass,” Nature, 419(6902), p. 21.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ghosh, P., Garzione, C. N., and Eiler, J. M., 2006, “Rapid Uplift of the Altiplano Revealed through 13C-18O Bonds in Paleosol Carbonates,” Science, 311(5760), pp. 511–515.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bateman, A. R., El-Hachem, N., Beck, A. H., Aerts, H. J. W. L., and Haibe-Kains, B., 2014, “Importance of Collection in Gene Set Enrichment Analysis of Drug Response in Cancer Cell Lines,” Sci. Rep., 4, p. 4092.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gaffikin, F., and Morrissey, M., 2011, Planning in Divided Cities: Collaborative Shaping of Contested Space, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Pachler, N., 2010, Mobile Learning: Structures, Agency, Practices, Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Sencha, A. N., Evseeva, E. V., Mogutov, M. S., and Patrunov, Y. N., 2013, “Ultrasound Diagnosis of Breast Cancer,” Breast Ultrasound, E.V. Evseeva, M.S. Mogutov, and Y.N. Patrunov, eds., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 49–122.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Turbomachinery.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015, “Why Are Almost All Supercentenarians Women?,” IFLScience [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1987, Effects of Delays in FAA’s NAS Plan, T-RCED-87-23, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Baxter, V. P., 2013, “Communitarian Leadership Practice Acquisition in Educational Leadership Preparation,” Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J., 2017, “The Inexhaustible Four,” New York Times, p. BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Turbomachinery
AbbreviationJ. Turbomach. Trans. ASME
ISSN (print)0889-504X
ISSN (online)1528-8900
ScopeMechanical Engineering

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