How to format your references using the Publications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Publications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wang, L. Amersham Prize winner. Expanding the genetic code. Science 2003, 302, 584–585.
A journal article with 2 authors
Soldner, F.; Jaenisch, R. Medicine. iPSC disease modeling. Science 2012, 338, 1155–1156.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sims, D.W.; Andrews, P.L.; Young, J.Z. Stomach rinsing in rays. Nature 2000, 404, 566.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kesavan, L.; Tiruvalam, R.; Ab Rahim, M.H.; bin Saiman, M.I.; Enache, D.I.; Jenkins, R.L.; Dimitratos, N.; Lopez-Sanchez, J.A.; Taylor, S.H.; Knight, D.W.; et al. Solvent-free oxidation of primary carbon-hydrogen bonds in toluene using Au-Pd alloy nanoparticles. Science 2011, 331, 195–199.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grist, F. Basic Guide to Orthodontic Dental Nursing; Wiley-Blackwell: Oxford, UK, 2010; ISBN 9781444325522.
An edited book
Regional Disparities in Small Countries; Felsenstein, D., Portnov, B.A., Eds.; Advances in Spatial Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2005; ISBN 9783540243038.
A chapter in an edited book
Chaban, V.V. Estrogen Modulation of Visceral Nociception. In Neuroactive Steroids in Brain Function, Behavior and Neuropsychiatric Disorders: Novel Strategies for Research and Treatment; Ritsner, M.S., Weizman, A., Eds.; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2008; pp. 89–102 ISBN 9781402068539.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Publications.

Blog post
Andrew, E. This Video Will Make You Re-Evaluate Your Entire Existence (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Intercollegiate Athletics: Revenues and Expenses, Gender and Minority Profiles, and Compensation in Athletic Departments; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1992;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Marquez, R.A. Examining coping skills used to deal with daily stressors of law enforcement. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. Scouting Report. New York Times 2010, E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePublications
ISSN (online)2304-6775

Other styles