How to format your references using the Publications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Publications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gibbs, R. The search continues for Karman’s St Christopher. Nature 2000, 406, 122.
A journal article with 2 authors
Suzuki, Y.; Nijhout, H.F. Evolution of a polyphenism by genetic accommodation. Science 2006, 311, 650–652.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hong, Y.; Wang, Z.; Jin, X. Sulfuric acid intercalated graphite oxide for graphene preparation. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 3439.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Söllner, C.; Rauch, G.-J.; Siemens, J.; Geisler, R.; Schuster, S.C.; Müller, U.; Nicolson, T.; Tübingen 2000 Screen Consortium Mutations in cadherin 23 affect tip links in zebrafish sensory hair cells. Nature 2004, 428, 955–959.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grimble, M.J. Robust Industrial Control Systems; John Wiley & Sons Ltd: Chichester, England, 2006; ISBN 9780470020753.
An edited book
Privacy Enhancing Technologies: 8th International Symposium, PETS 2008 Leuven, Belgium, July 23-25, 2008 Proceedings; Borisov, N., Goldberg, I., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008; Vol. 5134; ISBN 9783540706298.
A chapter in an edited book
Mao, C.; Qin, S.F.; Wright, D. Sketching-Out Virtual Humans: A Smart Interface for Human Modelling and Animation. In Smart Graphics: 8th International Symposium, SG 2007, Kyoto, Japan, June 25-27, 2007. Proceedings; Butz, A., Fisher, B., Krüger, A., Olivier, P., Owada, S., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007; pp. 36–48 ISBN 9783540732136.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Publications.

Blog post
Davis, J. Toddler Tantrums Might Be Influenced By Their Gut Bacteria (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Advanced Technologies: Strengthened Federal Approach Needed to Help Identify and Mitigate Supply Risks for Critical Raw Materials; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2016;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chima-Okereke, O. The distinct VPS35 mutant, env1, exhibits unique protein mislocalization and processing phenotype. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. After 2008, Picking On the Little Guy. New York Times 2017, C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePublications
ISSN (online)2304-6775

Other styles