How to format your references using the Publications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Publications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Balter, M. Cancer Research. Transatlantic War over BRCA1 Patent. Science 2001, 292, 1818.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kosten, S.; Lacerot, G. Life in Science. It Takes a Village. Science 2009, 324, 1265.
A journal article with 3 authors
Agathon, A.; Thisse, C.; Thisse, B. The Molecular Nature of the Zebrafish Tail Organizer. Nature 2003, 424, 448–452.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bukanov, N.O.; Smith, L.A.; Klinger, K.W.; Ledbetter, S.R.; Ibraghimov-Beskrovnaya, O. Long-Lasting Arrest of Murine Polycystic Kidney Disease with CDK Inhibitor Roscovitine. Nature 2006, 444, 949–952.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Porter, A.L.; Cunningham, S.W. Tech Mining; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2004; ISBN 9780471698463.
An edited book
Dose Finding in Drug Development; Ting, N., Ed.; Statistics for Biology and Health; Springer: New York, NY, 2006; ISBN 9780387290744.
A chapter in an edited book
Deurveilher, S.; Semba, K. Reciprocal Connections between the Suprachiasmatic Nucleus and the Midbrain Raphe Nuclei: A Putative Role in the Circadian Control of Behavioral States. In Serotonin and Sleep: Molecular, Functional and Clinical Aspects; Monti, J.M., Pandi-Perumal, S.R., Jacobs, B.L., Nutt, D.J., Eds.; Birkhäuser: Basel, 2008; pp. 103–131 ISBN 9783764385606.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Publications.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. Music Training Speeds Up Brain Development In Children (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Federal Research: DOD’s Small Business Innovation Research Program; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1997;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Faello, J.P. Is Strong Corporate Governance Associated with Informative Income Smoothing? Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University: Mississippi State, MS, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich, J.R. Juilliard’s Fast Takes on French Baroque. New York Times 2016, C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePublications
ISSN (online)2304-6775

Other styles