How to format your references using the Publications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Publications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zieminska, D. High-energy physics: Proton smasher spots rare particle decays. Nature 2015, 522, 42–43.
A journal article with 2 authors
Welker, J.; Giessibl, F.J. Revealing the angular symmetry of chemical bonds by atomic force microscopy. Science 2012, 336, 444–449.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kwak, K.; Cho, K.; Kim, S. Stable bending performance of flexible organic light-emitting diodes using IZO anodes. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 2787.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kaneko, T.; Sakuma, T.; Yamamoto, T.; Mashimo, T. Simple knockout by electroporation of engineered endonucleases into intact rat embryos. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 6382.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hannam, J. What Everyone Needs to Know about Tax; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2017; ISBN 9781119375821.
An edited book
Schatz, B.R. Healthcare Infrastructure: Health Systems for Individuals and Populations; Berlin, R.B., Jr., Ed.; Health Informatics; Springer: London, 2011; ISBN 9780857294517.
A chapter in an edited book
Iyer, K.M. The Elbow Joint. In Trauma Management in Orthopedics; Iyer, K.M., Ed.; Springer: London, 2013; pp. 27–37 ISBN 9781447144618.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Publications.

Blog post
Hale, T. This Is What Performance-Enhancing Drugs Do To Your Body And Mind (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office NASA Procurement: Contract and Management Improvements at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1994;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Myers, K.E. The First Determination of the Proton’s Weak Charge Through Parity-Violating Asymmetry Measurements in Elastic e + p and e + Al Scattering. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University: Washington, DC, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, M. Hurricane Closes Houston Arts Center. New York Times 2017, C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePublications
ISSN (online)2304-6775

Other styles