How to format your references using the Carbonates and Evaporites citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Carbonates and Evaporites. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Witze A (2015) Meteorology: California study targets rivers in the sky. Nature 517:424–425
A journal article with 2 authors
Adam C, Vidal V (2010) Mantle flow drives the subsidence of oceanic plates. Science 328:83–85
A journal article with 3 authors
Collins FS, Morgan M, Patrinos A (2003) The Human Genome Project: lessons from large-scale biology. Science 300:286–290
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Shen J-X, Feng AS, Xu Z-M, et al (2008) Ultrasonic frogs show hyperacute phonotaxis to female courtship calls. Nature 453:914–916

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Monino J-L, Sedkaoui S (2016) Big Data, Open Data and Data Development. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Nikolaidis Y (ed) (2013) Quality Management in Reverse Logistics: A Broad Look on Quality Issues and Their Interaction with Closed-Loop Supply Chains. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
Kalyebara B, Islam SMN (2014) Discounted Cash Flow for In: Islam SMN (ed) Corporate Governance, Capital Markets, and Capital Budgeting: An Integrated Approach. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 75–106

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Carbonates and Evaporites.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2015) NASA And ESA Hope To Redirect An Asteroid By Smashing A Spacecraft Into It. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995) Highway Signs: Conversion to Metric Units Could Be Costly. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Karch K (2014) An investigation of perceptions about smart mobile phone usage as an instructional tool in a high school classroom. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy MJO (2015) A Look at Past Stories and Articles in The Times. New York Times C26

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Witze 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Adam and Vidal 2010; Witze 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Adam and Vidal 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Shen et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleCarbonates and Evaporites
AbbreviationCarbonates Evaporites
ISSN (print)0891-2556
ISSN (online)1878-5212
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

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