How to format your references using the Carbonates and Evaporites citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Carbonates and Evaporites. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gilmore G (2008) Astronomy. How cold is cold dark matter? Science 322:1476–1477
A journal article with 2 authors
Bandyopadhyay PR, Hellum AM (2014) Modeling how shark and dolphin skin patterns control transitional wall-turbulence vorticity patterns using spatiotemporal phase reset mechanisms. Sci Rep 4:6650
A journal article with 3 authors
Jones DL, Brewster RC, Phillips R (2014) Promoter architecture dictates cell-to-cell variability in gene expression. Science 346:1533–1536
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Fyhn M, Molden S, Witter MP, et al (2004) Spatial representation in the entorhinal cortex. Science 305:1258–1264

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chen CJ (2011) Physics of Solar Energy. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Rischpater R (2010) Beginning Nokia Apps Development: Qt and HTML5 for Symbian and MeeGo. Apress, Berkeley, CA
A chapter in an edited book
Ganesamoni R, Singh SK (2012) Epidemiology of Stone Disease in Northern India. In: Talati JJ, Tiselius H-G, Albala DM, Ye Z (eds) Urolithiasis: Basic Science and Clinical Practice. Springer, London, pp 39–46

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Carbonates and Evaporites.

Blog post
Luntz S (2015) Rapid Tectonic Shifts Explained. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/physics/rapid-tectonic-shifts-explained/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999) Land Management Systems: Major Software Development Does Not Meet BLM’s Business Needs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sindel KD (2010) Can experiential education strategies improve elementary science teachers’ perceptions of and practices in science teaching? Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel B (2017) Soccer Gets a Second Look. New York Times B8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gilmore 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Gilmore 2008; Bandyopadhyay and Hellum 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bandyopadhyay and Hellum 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Fyhn et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleCarbonates and Evaporites
AbbreviationCarbonates Evaporites
ISSN (print)0891-2556
ISSN (online)1878-5212
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

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