How to format your references using the Carbonates and Evaporites citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Carbonates and Evaporites. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mackinnon R (2005) Structural biology. Membrane protein insertion and stability. Science 307:1425–1426
A journal article with 2 authors
Marteau TM, Mantzari E (2015) Public health: The case for pay to quit. Nature 523:40–41
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee LH, Yang H, Bigras G (2014) Current breast cancer proliferative markers correlate variably based on decoupled duration of cell cycle phases. Sci Rep 4:5122
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Nystul TG, Goldmark JP, Padilla PA, Roth MB (2003) Suspended animation in C. elegans requires the spindle checkpoint. Science 302:1038–1041

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bonneau D, Fatu A, Souchet D (2014) Thermo-Hydrodynamic Lubrication in Hydrodynamic Bearings. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Schmitt C, Deisenhofer I, Zrenner B (eds) (2006) Catheter Ablation of Cardiac Arrhythmias: A Practical Approach. Steinkopff, Darmstadt
A chapter in an edited book
Cheung J (2008) The Arts-in-Education Programme. In: Joubert L (ed) Educating in the Arts: The Asian Experience: Twenty-Four Essays. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 65–81

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Carbonates and Evaporites.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2016) Full “Rebirth” Of A Star Observed For The First Time. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994) NASA Contract Management: Improving the Use of DCAA’s Auditing Services. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Miller T (2014) A qualitative phenomenological study: Hiring nurses re-entering the workforce after chemical dependence. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M (2012) After Victory in Heptathlon, ‘Face of Olympics in Britain’ Has a Golden Glow. New York Times SP3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mackinnon 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Mackinnon 2005; Marteau and Mantzari 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Marteau and Mantzari 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Nystul et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleCarbonates and Evaporites
AbbreviationCarbonates Evaporites
ISSN (print)0891-2556
ISSN (online)1878-5212
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

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