How to format your references using the Carbonates and Evaporites citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Carbonates and Evaporites. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Overpeck JT (2000) Climate change. The hole record. Nature 403:714–715
A journal article with 2 authors
Rice CM, Saeed M (2014) Hepatitis C: Treatment triumphs. Nature 510:43–44
A journal article with 3 authors
Miura K, Nasu H, Yamamoto S (2013) Scanning acoustic microscopy for characterization of neoplastic and inflammatory lesions of lymph nodes. Sci Rep 3:1255
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Roberts CM, Bohnsack JA, Gell F, et al (2001) Effects of marine reserves on adjacent fisheries. Science 294:1920–1923

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jones GF (2010) Gravity-Driven Water Flow in Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Pham H (ed) (2006) Springer Handbook of Engineering Statistics. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
Udugama A, Zhao L, Zaki Y, et al (2011) End-to-End Performance Evaluation of Virtual Networks Using a Prototype Implementation. In: Pentikousis K, Agüero R, García-Arranz M, Papavassiliou S (eds) Mobile Networks and Management: Second International ICST Conference, MONAMI 2010, Santander, Spain, September 22-24, 2010, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 38–49

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Carbonates and Evaporites.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2015) Spectacular New Images Of Pluto’s Moon Charon. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994) Technology Transfer: Improving the Use of Cooperative R&D Agreements at DOE’s Contractor-Operated Laboratories. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Burns KN (2017) Impact of Cognitive Tasks on Gait Parameters in Collegiate Athletes. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Powell M (2017) You’re No. 1 (2, 3, 4, 5, 6 ... ). New York Times B8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Overpeck 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Overpeck 2000; Rice and Saeed 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rice and Saeed 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Roberts et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleCarbonates and Evaporites
AbbreviationCarbonates Evaporites
ISSN (print)0891-2556
ISSN (online)1878-5212
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

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