How to format your references using the Carbonates and Evaporites citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Carbonates and Evaporites. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Scully T (2013) Sleep. Nature 497:S1-3
A journal article with 2 authors
Casares F, Mann RS (2001) The ground state of the ventral appendage in Drosophila. Science 293:1477–1480
A journal article with 3 authors
Usuki F, Fujimura M, Yamashita A (2013) Endoplasmic reticulum stress preconditioning attenuates methylmercury-induced cellular damage by inducing favorable stress responses. Sci Rep 3:2346
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Weisheit M, Fähler S, Marty A, et al (2007) Electric field-induced modification of magnetism in thin-film ferromagnets. Science 315:349–351

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wilson RC (2010) The Hedge Fund Book. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Pardalos PM, Georgiev PG, Papajorgji P, Neugaard B (eds) (2013) Systems Analysis Tools for Better Health Care Delivery. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Fultz B, Howe J (2013) Inelastic Electron Scattering and Spectroscopy. In: Howe J (ed) Transmission Electron Microscopy and Diffractometry of Materials. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 181–236

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Carbonates and Evaporites.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2015) Flashes Of Light Beyond The Solar System Could Indicate Comet Impacts On Exoplanets. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988) FAA Technical Center: Mission and Role in National Airspace System Plan Implementation. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mickey J (2017) Random Linear Network Coding with Added Prefix Bits. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg B (2016) Hip Injury Forces Kyrgios to Withdraw; Journeyman Challenges Murray. New York Times SP8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Scully 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Casares and Mann 2001; Scully 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Casares and Mann 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Weisheit et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleCarbonates and Evaporites
AbbreviationCarbonates Evaporites
ISSN (print)0891-2556
ISSN (online)1878-5212
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

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