How to format your references using the Carbonates and Evaporites citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Carbonates and Evaporites. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brauman JI (2008) Chemistry. Not so simple. Science 319:168
A journal article with 2 authors
Kind R, Yuan X (2010) Geophysics. Seismic images of the biggest crash on Earth. Science 329:1479–1480
A journal article with 3 authors
Levey DJ, Duncan RS, Levins CF (2004) Animal behaviour: use of dung as a tool by burrowing owls. Nature 431:39
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Gill RA, Polley HW, Johnson HB, et al (2002) Nonlinear grassland responses to past and future atmospheric CO(2). Nature 417:279–282

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hens HSLC (2012) Performance Based Building Design 2. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Zaginaichenko SY, Schur DV, Skorokhod VV, et al (eds) (2011) Carbon Nanomaterials in Clean Energy Hydrogen Systems - II. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Kim DS, Kim T (2016) Identities of Symmetry for the Generalized Degenerate Euler Polynomials. In: Singh VK, Srivastava HM, Venturino E, et al. (eds) Modern Mathematical Methods and High Performance Computing in Science and Technology: M3HPCST, Ghaziabad, India, December 2015. Springer, Singapore, pp 35–43

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Carbonates and Evaporites.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) How We Recreated The Early Universe In The Laboratory. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991) Student Aid Information and Private Tuition-Guarantee Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hart MM (2013) R&D Characteristics and Organizational Structure: Case Studies of University-Industry Research Centers. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2013) Back in Queens, Johnson Is Full of Memories and Statistics. New York Times B12

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brauman 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Brauman 2008; Kind and Yuan 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kind and Yuan 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Gill et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleCarbonates and Evaporites
AbbreviationCarbonates Evaporites
ISSN (print)0891-2556
ISSN (online)1878-5212
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

Other styles