How to format your references using the Journal of Tropical Life Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Tropical Life Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kazazian HH Jr (2004) Mobile elements: drivers of genome evolution. Science (New York, NY) 303 (5664): 1626–1632.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sugita M, Shiba Y (2005) Genetic tracing shows segregation of taste neuronal circuitries for bitter and sweet. Science (New York, NY) 309 (5735): 781–785.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schmitz D, Mellor J, Nicoll RA (2001) Presynaptic kainate receptor mediation of frequency facilitation at hippocampal mossy fiber synapses. Science (New York, NY) 291 (5510): 1972–1976.
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Moreno-Herrero F, de Jager M, Dekker NH et al. (2005) Mesoscale conformational changes in the DNA-repair complex Rad50/Mre11/Nbs1 upon binding DNA. Nature 437 (7057): 440–443.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Beagle JR (2013) Surgical Essentials of Immediate Implant Dentistry. West Sussex, UK, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Mio C (2016) Integrated Reporting: A New Accounting Disclosure. London, Palgrave Macmillan UK.
A chapter in an edited book
Sand O, Turatsinze J-V, van Helden J (2008) Evaluating the prediction of cis-acting regulatory elements in genome sequences. In: Frishman D, Valencia A eds Modern Genome Annotation: The BioSapiens Network. Vienna, Springer. pp 55–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Tropical Life Science.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) What Does 170-Year-Old Champagne Taste Like? (2015)Accessed: October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998) Telecommunications: Telephone Slamming and Its Harmful Effects. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Genc A (2008) Phase Stability in Metallic Multilayers. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B, Morris W (2017) August Wilson: Then. Now. Forever? New York Times AR10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Tropical Life Science
AbbreviationJ. Trop. Life Sci.
ISSN (print)2087-5517
ISSN (online)2527-4376

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