How to format your references using the Journal of Tropical Life Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Tropical Life Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ward MD (2003) Materials science. Molecular fuel tanks. Science (New York, NY) 300 (5622): 1104–1105.
A journal article with 2 authors
Guessoum N, Osama A (2015) Institutions: Revive universities of the Muslim world. Nature 526 (7575): 634–636.
A journal article with 3 authors
Khudiyev T, Huseyinoglu E, Bayindir M (2014) Non-resonant Mie scattering: emergent optical properties of core-shell polymer nanowires. Scientific reports 4 4607.
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Galli C, Lagutina I, Crotti G et al. (2003) Pregnancy: a cloned horse born to its dam twin. Nature 424 (6949): 635.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety (1995) Guidelines for Safe Process Operations and Maintenance. Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Becher T (2015) Introduction to Soft-Collinear Effective Theory. Cham, Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Jallo D, Budai D, Boginski V et al. (2013) Network-Based Representation of Stock Market Dynamics: An Application to American and Swedish Stock Markets. In: Goldengorin B, Kalyagin VA, Pardalos PM eds Models, Algorithms, and Technologies for Network Analysis: Proceedings of the First International Conference on Network Analysis. New York, NY, Springer. pp 93–106.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Tropical Life Science.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Wild Gorillas Observed Using Tools To Acquire Food For First Time. (2014)Accessed: October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2011) Next Generation Air Transportation System: FAA Has Made Some Progress in Implementation, but Delays Threaten to Impact Costs and Benefits. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rogers R (2017) What Qualities Make an Effective Teacher Labor Union Leader? Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J (2016) Walker Takes One-Year Deal, but Cespedes Tells Mets No. New York Times B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Tropical Life Science
AbbreviationJ. Trop. Life Sci.
ISSN (print)2087-5517
ISSN (online)2527-4376

Other styles