How to format your references using the ACS Chemical Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACS Chemical Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gupta, S. Mental Health: Ups and Downs. Nature 2014, 510 (7506), S10-1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Suenaga, K.; Koshino, M. Atom-by-Atom Spectroscopy at Graphene Edge. Nature 2010, 468 (7327), 1088–1090.
A journal article with 3 authors
Harmon, J. P.; Moran, N. A.; Ives, A. R. Species Response to Environmental Change: Impacts of Food Web Interactions and Evolution. Science 2009, 323 (5919), 1347–1350.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Hoogendoorn, E.; Crosby, K. C.; Leyton-Puig, D.; Breedijk, R. M. P.; Jalink, K.; Gadella, T. W. J.; Postma, M. The Fidelity of Stochastic Single-Molecule Super-Resolution Reconstructions Critically Depends upon Robust Background Estimation. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 3854.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
O’Connor, D. God, Evil, and Design; Blackwell Publishing Ltd.: Oxford, UK, 2009.
An edited book
E-Business and Telecommunications: 12th International Joint Conference, ICETE 2015, Colmar, France, July 20–22, 2015, Revised Selected Papers, 1st ed. 2016.; Obaidat, M. S., Lorenz, P., Eds.; Communications in Computer and Information Science; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; Vol. 585.
A chapter in an edited book
Welfens, P. J. J. Information and Communications Technology, Regulations and Growth: Theory and Key Policy Issues. In Integration in Asia and Europe: Historical Dynamics, Political Issues, and Economic Perspectives; Welfens, P. J. J., Knipping, F., Chirathivat, S., Ryan, C., Eds.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006; pp 31–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACS Chemical Neuroscience.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Scientists Reveal Smallest Amount of Force Ever Measured. IFLScience. (accessed 2018-10-30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. DOD Business Systems Modernization: Air Force Business System Schedule and Cost Estimates; GAO-14-152; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hammamy, R. “Promoting Responsible Action in Medical Emergencies”: Determining the Impact of a New University of Maryland Alcohol Protocol. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich, J. R. A Zeffirelli Production, Excesses and All. New York Times. September 30, 2016, p C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleACS Chemical Neuroscience
AbbreviationACS Chem. Neurosci.
ISSN (online)1948-7193
Cell Biology
General Medicine
Cognitive Neuroscience

Other styles