How to format your references using the Bioresource Technology Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bioresource Technology Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zamir, D., 2014. Botany. A wake-up call with coffee. Science 345, 1124.
A journal article with 2 authors
Amico, G., Aizen, M.A., 2000. Mistletoe seed dispersal by a marsupial. Nature 408, 929–930.
A journal article with 3 authors
Amselem, E., Sadiq, M., Bourennane, M., 2013. Experimental bound entanglement through a Pauli channel. Sci. Rep. 3, 1966.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yang, W., Yuan, Y., Zong, Y., Huang, Z., Mai, S., Li, Y., Qian, X., Liu, Y., Gao, Q., 2014. Preliminary study on retinal vascular and oxygen-related changes after long-term silicone oil and foldable capsular vitreous body tamponade. Sci. Rep. 4, 5272.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Riehle, F., 2003. Frequency Standards. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Ross, R.G. (Ed.), 2005. Cryocoolers 13. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Karpanty, S.M., Wright, P.C., 2007. Predation on Lemurs in the Rainforest of Madagascar by Multiple Predator Species: Observations and Experiments, in: Gursky, S.L., Nekaris, K.A.I. (Eds.), Primate Anti-Predator Strategies, Developments in Primatology: Progress and Prospects. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 77–99.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bioresource Technology Reports.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016. 35 Tons Of Dead Fish Just Washed Up In A Chinese Lake [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2012. Highway Projects: Some Federal and State Practices to Expedite Completion Show Promise (No. GAO-12-593). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Borgman, G.A., 2017. Loneliness and the Hermitic Psyche (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yeh, J., 2017. A Mother. A Death. A Memoir. It’s Tricky. New York Times C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zamir, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Amico and Aizen, 2000; Zamir, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Amico and Aizen, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Yang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleBioresource Technology Reports
ISSN (print)2589-014X

Other styles