How to format your references using the Bioresource Technology Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bioresource Technology Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Trivedi, B., 2010. Learning from the elite. Nature 466, S4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ridley, R., Toure, Y., 2004. Winning the drugs war. Nature 430, 942–943.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jeon, S.-M., Chandel, N.S., Hay, N., 2012. AMPK regulates NADPH homeostasis to promote tumour cell survival during energy stress. Nature 485, 661–665.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Traggiai, E., Chicha, L., Mazzucchelli, L., Bronz, L., Piffaretti, J.-C., Lanzavecchia, A., Manz, M.G., 2004. Development of a human adaptive immune system in cord blood cell-transplanted mice. Science 304, 104–107.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mitra, A., 2008. Fundamentals of Quality Control and Improvement. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
de Souza, F.L., Leite, E.R. (Eds.), 2013. Nanoenergy: Nanotechnology Applied for Energy Production. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Carlier, M.-F., Helfer, E., Wade, R., Haraux, F., 2009. Living Nanomachines, in: Boisseau, P., Houdy, P., Lahmani, M. (Eds.), Nanoscience: Nanobiotechnology and Nanobiology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 171–222.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bioresource Technology Reports.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016. A Load Of New Species Have Been Found In Deep Sea Hydrothermal Vents [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1972. Multiple Protests Against Contract Award (No. B-175585). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Besson, P.S., 2015. Affective Organizational Commitment: A Comparative View of the Experience of 5-7 Year Managerial Employees Who Participated in an Employee Identity Network (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Markoff, J., 2017. Can Robot Cars Trust Us? New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Trivedi, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Ridley and Toure, 2004; Trivedi, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ridley and Toure, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Traggiai et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleBioresource Technology Reports
ISSN (print)2589-014X

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