How to format your references using the Bioresource Technology Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bioresource Technology Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bonetta, L., 2006. Protein purification: cell or cell-free? Nature 439, 1019.
A journal article with 2 authors
Burdon, J.J., Thrall, P.H., 2009. Coevolution of plants and their pathogens in natural habitats. Science 324, 755–756.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wallace, K., Hardy, G., Serabyn, E., 2000. Deep and stable interferometric nulling of broadband light with implications for observing planets around nearby stars. Nature 406, 700–702.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Buscarino, A., Gambuzza, L.V., Porfiri, M., Fortuna, L., Frasca, M., 2013. Robustness to noise in synchronization of complex networks. Sci. Rep. 3, 2026.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Noyer, J.-M., 2016. Transformation of Collective Intelligences. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Hesthaven, J.S., Rønquist, E.M. (Eds.), 2011. Spectral and High Order Methods for Partial Differential Equations: Selected papers from the ICOSAHOM ’09 conference, June 22-26, Trondheim, Norway, Lecture Notes in Computational Science and Engineering. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Chiu, C.-C., Soo, V.-W., 2007. Subgoal Identification for Reinforcement Learning and Planning in Multiagent Problem Solving, in: Petta, P., Müller, J.P., Klusch, M., Georgeff, M. (Eds.), Multiagent System Technologies: 5th German Conference, MATES 2007, Leipzig, Germany, September 24-26, 2007. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 37–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bioresource Technology Reports.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2017. How Mapping Teenagers’ Brains Has Helped Us Understand More About Schizophrenia [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2013. Education Research: Preliminary Observations on the Institute of Education Sciences’ Research and Evaluation Efforts (No. GAO-13-852T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nakano, Y., 2009. Characterization of copper, zinc-superoxide dismutase aggregates: Role of disulfide bonds and pathway for aggregation (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Risen, J., 2016. Hussein, the C.I.A. and Me. New York Times C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bonetta, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Bonetta, 2006; Burdon and Thrall, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Burdon and Thrall, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Buscarino et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleBioresource Technology Reports
ISSN (print)2589-014X

Other styles