How to format your references using the Bioresource Technology Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bioresource Technology Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Caldecott, K.W., 2003. Cell signaling. The BRCT domain: signaling with friends? Science 302, 579–580.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rice, S.A., Haselkorn, R., 2012. Paul Mead Doty (1920-2011). Nature 481, 266.
A journal article with 3 authors
Thürmer, K., Williams, E., Reutt-Robey, J., 2002. Autocatalytic oxidation of lead crystallite surfaces. Science 297, 2033–2035.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Childress, L., Gurudev Dutt, M.V., Taylor, J.M., Zibrov, A.S., Jelezko, F., Wrachtrup, J., Hemmer, P.R., Lukin, M.D., 2006. Coherent dynamics of coupled electron and nuclear spin qubits in diamond. Science 314, 281–285.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wang, J.-J., 2014. Hydraulic Fracturing in Earth-Rock Fill DAMS. John Wiley & Sons, Singapore Pte. Ltd, Singapore.
An edited book
Sande, S., 2010. Taking Your iPhone 4 to the Max. Apress, Berkeley, CA.
A chapter in an edited book
Aurnhammer, M., Hanappe, P., Steels, L., 2006. Augmenting Navigation for Collaborative Tagging with Emergent Semantics, in: Cruz, I., Decker, S., Allemang, D., Preist, C., Schwabe, D., Mika, P., Uschold, M., Aroyo, L.M. (Eds.), The Semantic Web - ISWC 2006: 5th International Semantic Web Conference, ISWC 2006, Athens, GA, USA, November 5-9, 2006. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 58–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bioresource Technology Reports.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Enceladus Now A Top Candidate For Extraterrestrial Life [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1982. Federal Oversight of State Medicaid Management Information Systems Could Be Further Improved (No. HRD-82-99). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Di Giacomo, F.A., 2010. Education amidst transition: The case of Romania (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G.G., 2013. Sharing the Wealth as a Comic Book Goes Hollywood. New York Times BU5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Caldecott, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Caldecott, 2003; Rice and Haselkorn, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rice and Haselkorn, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Childress et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleBioresource Technology Reports
ISSN (print)2589-014X

Other styles