How to format your references using the Bioresource Technology Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bioresource Technology Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P., 2000. “Quiet revolution” in chemistry could revive public and private sectors. Nature 406, 807–808.
A journal article with 2 authors
Woolhouse, M., Donaldson, A., 2001. Managing foot-and-mouth. Nature 410, 515–516.
A journal article with 3 authors
Esposito, M.S., Capelli, P., Arber, S., 2014. Brainstem nucleus MdV mediates skilled forelimb motor tasks. Nature 508, 351–356.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Badge, I., Stark, A.Y., Paoloni, E.L., Niewiarowski, P.H., Dhinojwala, A., 2014. The role of surface chemistry in adhesion and wetting of gecko toe pads. Sci. Rep. 4, 6643.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Reinhard, P.-G., Suraud, E., 2008. Introduction to Cluster Dynamics. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Bortfeld, T., Schmidt-Ullrich, R., Neve, W.D., Wazer, D.E. (Eds.), 2006. Image-Guided IMRT. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Almandoz, J.E.D., Kamalian, S., González, R.G., Lev, M.H., Romero, J.M., 2011. Imaging of Acute Ischemic Stroke: Stroke CT Angiography (CTA), in: González, R.G., Hirsch, J.A., Lev, M.H., Schaefer, P.W., Schwamm, L.H. (Eds.), Acute Ischemic Stroke: Imaging and Intervention. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 57–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bioresource Technology Reports.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Orb-Weaver Spiders Stuff A Treatment Plant With A 4-Acre Web [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1972. Coast Guard Postgraduate Education Program (No. 092393). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Prasad, H., 2017. Removing a Thorn with a Thorn: Evaluating India’s Use of Militias in Counterinsurgency (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dinardo, K., 2015. Jim Gaffigan, on Traveling With Young Children. New York Times TR3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik, 2000; Woolhouse and Donaldson, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Woolhouse and Donaldson, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Badge et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleBioresource Technology Reports
ISSN (print)2589-014X

Other styles