How to format your references using the Journal of Transport Geography citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Transport Geography. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Toomre, J., 2002. Solar physics. Order amidst turbulence. Science 296, 64–65.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cyranoski, D., Chou, I.-H., 2004. Winds of change blow away the cobwebs on campus. Nature 429, 210–214.
A journal article with 3 authors
Watson, E.B., Thomas, J.B., Cherniak, D.J., 2007. 40Ar retention in the terrestrial planets. Nature 449, 299–304.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lu, C., Hu, X., Yang, H., Gong, Q., 2014. Chip-integrated ultrawide-band all-optical logic comparator in plasmonic circuits. Sci. Rep. 4, 3869.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nash, J., 2013. Diabetes and Wellbeing. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Dameri, R.P., Rosenthal-Sabroux, C. (Eds.), 2014. Smart City: How to Create Public and Economic Value with High Technology in Urban Space, Progress in IS. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Fukuda, T., Arai, F., Nakajima, M., 2013. Rotational Speed Control of Single Bacterial Flagellar Motor, in: Arai, F., Nakajima, M. (Eds.), Micro-Nanorobotic Manipulation Systems and Their Applications. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 137–161.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Transport Geography.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Dubai Could Have the World’s First Fully Functional 3D-Printed Building [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2009. Information Security: NASA Needs to Remedy Vulnerabilities in Key Networks (No. GAO-10-4). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schwartz, J., 2009. Essays on unemployment insurance and the business cycle (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kamensky, J., 2017. Red, White, Black and Blue. New York Times BR27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Toomre, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Cyranoski and Chou, 2004; Toomre, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cyranoski and Chou, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Lu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Transport Geography
AbbreviationJ. Transp. Geogr.
ISSN (print)0966-6923
ScopeGeneral Environmental Science
Geography, Planning and Development

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