How to format your references using the Journal of Transport Geography citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Transport Geography. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kaplan, K., 2009. Unmasking the impostor. Nature 459, 468–469.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kim, W.-Y., Snider, W.D., 2008. Neuroscience. Overcoming inhibitions. Science 322, 869–872.
A journal article with 3 authors
Saper, C.B., Scammell, T.E., Lu, J., 2005. Hypothalamic regulation of sleep and circadian rhythms. Nature 437, 1257–1263.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Farquhar, J., Savarino, J., Jackson, T.L., Thiemens, M.H., 2000. Evidence of atmospheric sulphur in the martian regolith from sulphur isotopes in meteorites. Nature 404, 50–52.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Minei, I., Lucek, J., 2006. MPLS-Enabled Applications. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Padula, M., Zanghirati, L. (Eds.), 2007. Hyperbolic Problems and Regularity Questions, Trends in Mathematics. Birkhäuser, Basel.
A chapter in an edited book
Cheng, Z., 2008. New Chaos Produced from Synchronization of Chaotic Neural Networks, in: Sun, F., Zhang, J., Tan, Y., Cao, J., Yu, W. (Eds.), Advances in Neural Networks - ISNN 2008: 5th International Symposium on Neural Networks, ISNN 2008, Beijing, China, September 24-28, 2008, Proceedings, Part I, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 40–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Transport Geography.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. Burst of Innovation Found in Jurassic Mammals [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1990. ADP Systems: HCFA’s Failure to Follow Guidelines Makes Systems Effectiveness Uncertain (No. IMTEC-90-53). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pee, G.-Y., 2008. Sonochemical Remediation of Freshwater Sediments Contaminated with Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pennington, B., 2016. After the Heisman, a Long, Lonely Slide. New York Times B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kaplan, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Kaplan, 2009; Kim and Snider, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kim and Snider, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Farquhar et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Transport Geography
AbbreviationJ. Transp. Geogr.
ISSN (print)0966-6923
ScopeGeneral Environmental Science
Geography, Planning and Development

Other styles