How to format your references using the Journal of Transport Geography citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Transport Geography. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tso, T.C., 2004. Agriculture of the future. Nature 428, 215–217.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wirth, T., Bernatchez, L., 2001. Genetic evidence against panmixia in the European eel. Nature 409, 1037–1040.
A journal article with 3 authors
Supèr, H., Spekreijse, H., Lamme, V.A., 2001. A neural correlate of working memory in the monkey primary visual cortex. Science 293, 120–124.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chen, H., Cheng, L., Lin, X., Zhou, X., Cai, Z., Li, M., 2014. Reconstitution of coronary vasculature by an active fraction of Geum japonicum in ischemic hearts. Sci. Rep. 4, 3962.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Troppens, U., Erkens, R., Müller, W., 2004. Storage Networks Explained. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Lloyd, H.M. (Ed.), 2013. The Discourse of Sensibility: The Knowing Body in the Enlightenment, Studies in History and Philosophy of Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Bishop, W., Grubesic, T.H., 2016. Policy, in: Grubesic, T.H. (Ed.), Geographic Information: Organization, Access, and Use, Springer Geography. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 53–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Transport Geography.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2017. 100-Year-Old Drug Produces Temporary Improved Learning Skills In Autistic Children [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2011. Training Necessary to Address Data Reliability Issues in NASA Agreement Database and to Minimize Potential Competition with Commercial Sector (No. GAO-11-552R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wahl, R.J., 2012. Agustín Barrios and musical identity: Tangos in early twentieth-century guitar repertory (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M.J.O., 2015. Weekend Entertainments from the Archives of The New York Times. New York Times C33.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tso, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Tso, 2004; Wirth and Bernatchez, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wirth and Bernatchez, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Transport Geography
AbbreviationJ. Transp. Geogr.
ISSN (print)0966-6923
ScopeGeneral Environmental Science
Geography, Planning and Development

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