How to format your references using the Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. Peplow, Structure: The Anatomy of Sleep, Nature, 2013, 497(7450), p S2-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. Ma and S. Lindquist, Conversion of PrP to a Self-Perpetuating PrPSc-like Conformation in the Cytosol, Science, 2002, 298(5599), p 1785–1788.
A journal article with 3 authors
U. Brose, R.J. Williams, and N.D. Martinez, Comment on “Foraging Adaptation and the Relationship between Food-Web Complexity and Stability,” Science, 2003, 301(5635), p 918; author reply 918.
A journal article with 31 or more authors
L. Khaykovich, F. Schreck, G. Ferrari, T. Bourdel, J. Cubizolles, L.D. Carr, Y. Castin, and C. Salomon, Formation of a Matter-Wave Bright Soliton, Science, 2002, 296(5571), p 1290–1293.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
P.C. Lacaze and J.-C. Lacroix, “Non-Volatile Memories,” (Hoboken, NJ), John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2014.
An edited book
F. Cavallini, “Quasi-Geostrophic Theory of Oceans and Atmosphere: Topics in the Dynamics and Thermodynamics of the Fluid Earth,” F. Crisciani, Ed., (Dordrecht), Springer Netherlands, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
J. Goddard, Flea-Borne Diseases, Infectious Diseases and Arthropods, J. Goddard, Ed., (Totowa, NJ), Humana Press, 2008, p 131–142.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “What Did Mars Look Like When It Had Water?,” IFLScience, IFLScience, 2013, Accessed 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “DOD Satellite Control,” (Washington, DC), U.S. Government Printing Office, 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. Galvarin, “Special Education Paraeducators as Instructional Support,” (Phoenix, AZ), University of Phoenix, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
A. Tommasini, “Holding the Stage Like a Singing Shaman,” New York Times, 2017, p C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ref 1).
This sentence cites two references (Ref 1,2).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ref 1)
  • Three authors: (Ref 1)
  • Four or more authors: (Ref 1)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Materials Engineering and Performance
AbbreviationJ. Mater. Eng. Perform.
ISSN (print)1059-9495
ISSN (online)1544-1024
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
General Materials Science

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