How to format your references using the Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P. Goymer, Biodiversity: Leaping Lizards, Nature, 2014, 513(7519), p 492.
A journal article with 2 authors
T.M. Dawson and V.L. Dawson, Molecular Pathways of Neurodegeneration in Parkinson’s Disease, Science, 2003, 302(5646), p 819–822.
A journal article with 3 authors
B. Gebelein, D.J. McKay, and R.S. Mann, Direct Integration of Hox and Segmentation Gene Inputs during Drosophila Development, Nature, 2004, 431(7009), p 653–659.
A journal article with 31 or more authors
H. Lin, C. Yao, X. Zhang, H. Zhang, D. Wang, Q. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Awaji, and K. Watanabe, Strongly Enhanced Current Densities in Sr0.6K0.4Fe2As2 + Sn Superconducting Tapes, Sci. Rep., 2014, 4, p 4465.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
K. Venkataraman, “Design of Jigs, Fixtures and Press Tools,” (Chichester, UK), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2015.
An edited book
M.A. Hayat, Ed., “Tumors of the Central Nervous System, Volume 1: Gliomas: Glioblastoma (Part 1),” (Dordrecht), Springer Netherlands, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
H.H. Nguyen, H.-Q. Nguyen-Son, T.D. Nguyen, and I. Echizen, Discriminating Between Computer-Generated Facial Images and Natural Ones Using Smoothness Property and Local Entropy, Digital-Forensics and Watermarking: 14th International Workshop, IWDW 2015, Tokyo, Japan, October 7-10, 2015, Revised Selected Papers, Y.-Q. Shi, H.J. Kim, F. Pérez-González, and I. Echizen, Eds., (Cham), Springer International Publishing, 2016, p 39–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance.

Blog post
S. Luntz, “Hawaiian Islands Were Losing Species Millions Of Years Before Humans Arrived,” IFLScience, IFLScience, 2017, Accessed 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Strategic Bombers: Adding Conventional Capabilities Will Be Complex, Time-Consuming, and Costly,” (Washington, DC), U.S. Government Printing Office, 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S.T. Mihalas, “Positive Protective Factors as Moderators in the Relationship between Relational Victimization and Depression in Minority Adolescents,” (Tampa, FL), University of South Florida, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Gorman, “Demands That Change DNA,” New York Times, 2017, p D6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Materials Engineering and Performance
AbbreviationJ. Mater. Eng. Perform.
ISSN (print)1059-9495
ISSN (online)1544-1024
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
General Materials Science

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