How to format your references using the Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J.T.H. Connor, Beyond the Ivory Tower. The Victorian Revolution in Surgery, Science, 2004, 304(5667), p 54–55.
A journal article with 2 authors
B.C. Monk and A. Goffeau, Outwitting Multidrug Resistance to Antifungals, Science, 2008, 321(5887), p 367–369.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. Saitou, S.C. Barton, and M.A. Surani, A Molecular Programme for the Specification of Germ Cell Fate in Mice, Nature, 2002, 418(6895), p 293–300.
A journal article with 31 or more authors
C. Wu, I. Miloslavskaya, S. Demontis, R. Maestro, and K. Galaktionov, Regulation of Cellular Response to Oncogenic and Oxidative Stress by Seladin-1, Nature, 2004, 432(7017), p 640–645.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A. Richards and H. Dafydd, “Key Notes on Plastic Surgery,” (Chichester, UK), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2014.
An edited book
A.R. Ansari, Ed., “Advances in Applied Mathematics,” (Cham), Springer International Publishing, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
N.M.M. Ramos, J.M.P.Q. Delgado, R.M.S.F. Almeida, M.L. Simões, and S. Manuel, Case Study, Application of Data Mining Techniques in the Analysis of Indoor Hygrothermal Conditions, J.M.P.Q. Delgado, R.M.S.F. Almeida, M.L. Simões, and S. Manuel, Eds., (Cham), Springer International Publishing, 2016, p 31–36.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance.

Blog post
K. Evans, “A Plastic Surgeon Used A Golden Mathematical Ratio To ‘Prove’ This Is The Most Beautiful Person In The World,” IFLScience, IFLScience, 2016, Accessed 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Aviation Security: Systematic Planning Needed to Optimize the Deployment of Checked Baggage Screening Systems,” (Washington, DC), U.S. Government Printing Office, 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
R.M. Shakya, “Watershed-Scale Evaluation of Flood Reduction Effect of Low Impact Development Designs,” (Edwardsville, IL), Southern Illinois University, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Otis, “Decades After a Stroke, Seeking Independence and Normalcy,” New York Times, 2017, p A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ref 1).
This sentence cites two references (Ref 1,2).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ref 1)
  • Three authors: (Ref 1)
  • Four or more authors: (Ref 1)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Materials Engineering and Performance
AbbreviationJ. Mater. Eng. Perform.
ISSN (print)1059-9495
ISSN (online)1544-1024
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
General Materials Science

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