How to format your references using the Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Roccanova L. 2000. Ph.D.’s as Science Teachers: Notes from the Field. Science. 290(5494):1098a
A journal article with 2 authors
Bilder D, Perrimon N. 2000. Localization of apical epithelial determinants by the basolateral PDZ protein Scribble. Nature. 403(6770):676–80
A journal article with 3 authors
Ben-David O, Cohen G, Fineberg J. 2010. The dynamics of the onset of frictional slip. Science. 330(6001):211–14
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kuznedelov K, Minakhin L, Niedziela-Majka A, Dove SL, Rogulja D, et al. 2002. A role for interaction of the RNA polymerase flap domain with the sigma subunit in promoter recognition. Science. 295(5556):855–57

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Higman BW. 2011. How Food Made History. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
An edited book
Castells MC, ed. 2011. Anaphylaxis and Hypersensitivity Reactions. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press. XIV, 362 p. 19 illus., 9 illus. in color p.
A chapter in an edited book
Dunn DH, Johnson EM, Kemp K, Ganz R, Leon S, Banerji N. 2014. Robotic Assisted Operations for Gastroesophageal Reflux. In Robotics in General Surgery, ed KC Kim, pp. 33–54. New York, NY: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering.

Blog post
Fang J. 2014. New Fossil Provides Insight Into Shark Evolution. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1991. Airline Competition: Industry Competitive and Financial Problems. T-RCED-91-89, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bui L. 2017. Mind Over Matter Telepsychiatry. Doctoral dissertation thesis. California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) SK. 2004. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Chechen Issues New Threat. New York Times, July 20, p. A6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Biomedical Engineering
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Biomed. Eng.
ISSN (print)1523-9829
ISSN (online)1545-4274
ScopeBiomedical Engineering
Medicine (miscellaneous)

Other styles