How to format your references using the Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lorenz R. 2003. Computational mathematics. Full steam ahead-probably. Science. 299(5608):837–38
A journal article with 2 authors
Floreano D, Wood RJ. 2015. Science, technology and the future of small autonomous drones. Nature. 521(7553):460–66
A journal article with 3 authors
Boudvillain M, de Lencastre A, Pyle AM. 2000. A tertiary interaction that links active-site domains to the 5’ splice site of a group II intron. Nature. 406(6793):315–18
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Garzarelli F, Cristelli M, Pompa G, Zaccaria A, Pietronero L. 2014. Memory effects in stock price dynamics: evidences of technical trading. Sci. Rep. 4:4487

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bowers D, House A, Owens D. 2011. Getting Started in Health Research. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell
An edited book
Gruen DM, Shenderova OA, Vul’ AY, eds. 2005. Synthesis, Properties and Applications of Ultrananocrystalline Diamond: Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Synthesis, Properties and Applications of Ultrananocrystalline Diamond St. Petersburg, Russia 7–10 June 2004, Vol. 192. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands. XII, 402 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Muraoka M, Tohmyoh H. 2011. Evaluation of Mechanical Properties. In Metallic Micro and Nano Materials: Fabrication with Atomic Diffusion, ed M Saka, pp. 93–141. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering.

Blog post
Davis J. 2016. Electric Eels Found To Leap Out Of Water To Shock Predators. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2005. Commercial Aviation: Initial Small Community Air Service Development Projects Have Achieved Mixed Results. GAO-06-21, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bono S. 2013. Perceptions of Psychological Abuse and the Impact of Blame and Gender Role Beliefs. Doctoral dissertation thesis. Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW. 2011. Robert A. Pritzker, 85; Led Family Business. New York Times, Oct. 31, p. B8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Biomedical Engineering
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Biomed. Eng.
ISSN (print)1523-9829
ISSN (online)1545-4274
ScopeBiomedical Engineering
Medicine (miscellaneous)

Other styles