How to format your references using the Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sirocko F. 2003. Paleoclimate. What drove past teleconnections? Science. 301(5638):1336–37
A journal article with 2 authors
Okawa Y, Aono M. 2001. Nanoscale control of chain polymerization. Nature. 409(6821):683–84
A journal article with 3 authors
Yang C, Zhong Z, Lieber CM. 2005. Encoding electronic properties by synthesis of axial modulation-doped silicon nanowires. Science. 310(5752):1304–7
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Guedes-Martins L, Cunha A, Saraiva J, Gaio R, Macedo F, Almeida H. 2014. Internal iliac and uterine arteries Doppler ultrasound in the assessment of normotensive and chronic hypertensive pregnant women. Sci. Rep. 4:3785

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sailor W. 2009. Making RTI Work. San Francisco, CA, USA: Jossey-Bass
An edited book
Zhang X, Zhong S, Pan Z, Wong K, Yun R, eds. 2010. Entertainment for Education. Digital Techniques and Systems: 5th International Conference on E-learning and Games, Edutainment 2010, Changchun, China, August 16-18, 2010. Proceedings, Vol. 6249. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. XVI, 635 p. 310 illus p.
A chapter in an edited book
Tang H, Li Z-L. 2014. Land Surface Temperature Retrieval from Thermal Infrared Data. In Quantitative Remote Sensing in Thermal Infrared: Theory and Applications, ed Z-L Li, pp. 93–143. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2014. Sakurai’s Object Evolution Witnessed in Real Time. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2015. Race to the Top: Survey of State Education Agencies’ Capacity to Implement Reform (GAO-15-316SP, April 2015), an E-supplement to GAO-15-295. GAO-15-316SP, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Taboada-Peña R. 2017. A Self-Empowering Holistic Art-Based Model Designed to Promote Emotional Well-Being, Coping Skills, and Self-Esteem in Youth. Doctoral dissertation thesis. California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. 2001. Peace Breaks Out in Conflict Over Nobel Statue. New York Times, June 17, p. 146

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Biomedical Engineering
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Biomed. Eng.
ISSN (print)1523-9829
ISSN (online)1545-4274
ScopeBiomedical Engineering
Medicine (miscellaneous)

Other styles