How to format your references using the Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Larson G. 2015. Anthropology. How wheat came to Britain. Science. 347(6225):945–46
A journal article with 2 authors
Bialek W, Botstein D. 2004. Introductory science and mathematics education for 21st-Century biologists. Science. 303(5659):788–90
A journal article with 3 authors
Rieping W, Habeck M, Nilges M. 2005. Inferential structure determination. Science. 309(5732):303–6
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kawano N, Miyado K, Yoshii N, Kanai S, Saito H, et al. 2014. Absence of CD9 reduces endometrial VEGF secretion and impairs uterine repair after parturition. Sci. Rep. 4:4701

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ramamoorti S, Morrison DE III, Koletar JW, Pope KR. 2013. A.B.C.’s of Behavioral Forensics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Nachtigall W. 2015. Bionics by Examples: 250 Scenarios from Classical to Modern Times. Cham: Springer International Publishing. XIX, 325 p. 268 illus., 5 illus. in color pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Duncan CA, Phoha VV. 2012. On the Complexity of Aggregating Information for Authentication and Profiling. In Data Privacy Management and Autonomous Spontaneus Security: 6th International Workshop, DPM 2011, and 4th International Workshop, SETOP 2011, Leuven, Belgium, September 15-16, 2011, Revised Selected Papers, ed J Garcia-Alfaro, G Navarro-Arribas, N Cuppens-Boulahia, S de Capitani di Vimercati, pp. 58–71. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering.

Blog post
Davis J. 2017. Cholesterol Drug Could Dramatically Cut Death Rate In Breast Cancer Patients. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1977. Need for a Government-Wide Budget Classification Structure for Federal Research and Development Information. PAD-77-14, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dickinson S. 2013. Best practices in integrating acquisitions. Doctoral dissertation thesis. Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander S. 2002. Sailing Into Storms and Solitude. New York Times, Nov. 3, p. 812

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Biomedical Engineering
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Biomed. Eng.
ISSN (print)1523-9829
ISSN (online)1545-4274
ScopeBiomedical Engineering
Medicine (miscellaneous)

Other styles