How to format your references using the Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Tobias PV. Retrospective: Francis Clark Howell (1925-2007). Science 2007;316:995.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Hone J, Deshpande VV. Physics. Coupling strongly, discretely. Science 2009;325:1084–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Keppler H, Wiedenbeck M, Shcheka SS. Carbon solubility in olivine and the mode of carbon storage in the Earth’s mantle. Nature 2003;424:414–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Teemu J, Makinen T, Bertaux JL, Laakso H, Pulkkinen T, Summanen T, et al. Discovery of a comet by its Lyman-alpha emission. Nature 2000;405:321–2.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Hase Y. Handbook of Power Systems Engineering with Power Electronics Applications. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
[1]
Gisler P, Borella SS, Wiedmer C, editors. Intersections of Law and Culture. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Gheorghe G, Neuhaus S, Crispo B. xESB: An Enterprise Service Bus for Access and Usage Control Policy Enforcement. In: Nishigaki M, Jøsang A, Murayama Y, Marsh S, editors. Trust Management IV: 4th IFIP WG 11.11 International Conference, IFIPTM 2010, Morioka, Japan, June 16-18, 2010. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010, p. 63–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine.

Blog post
[1]
Carpineti A. “Quantum Entangled” Laser Pointers Could Double Data Speed. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/technology/quantum-entangled-laser-pointers-could-double-data-speed/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. FDA’s Activities Involving Sanitary Conditions at Food Shortage Warehouses. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1974.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Ennaco WA. Mastering morphosyntax: A pre-experimental study on the effectiveness of a parent-training program for preschoolaged children with specific language impairment. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Kelly S. Op-art; Sub-liminal. New York Times 2000:A33.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Traditional Chinese Medicine
ISSN (print)0254-6272
ScopeGeneral Medicine

Other styles