How to format your references using the Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Smaglik P. Recruiters and industry. Microsoft’s European perspective. Nature 2005;434:938.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Logan BE, Rabaey K. Conversion of wastes into bioelectricity and chemicals by using microbial electrochemical technologies. Science 2012;337:686–90.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Bania TM, Rood RT, Balser DS. The cosmological density of baryons from observations of 3He+ in the Milky Way. Nature 2002;415:54–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Su X, Chakravarti D, Cho MS, Liu L, Gi YJ, Lin Y-L, et al. TAp63 suppresses metastasis through coordinate regulation of Dicer and miRNAs. Nature 2010;467:986–90.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Cumming D. Private Equity. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
[1]
Banavar RN. Switched Finite Time Control of a Class of Underactuated Systems. vol. 333. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Sprandel-Harris K, Yoo L, Rodvold KA. Drug-Food Interactions. In: Piscitelli SC, Rodvold KA, Pai MP, editors. Drug Interactions in Infectious Diseases, Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2011, p. 73–130.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine.

Blog post
[1]
Davis J. This Fish Has An Unusual Way To Protect Against Sperm-Spraying Cheats. IFLScience 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Misuse of SBA’s 8(a) Program Increased Cost for Many ADP Equipment Acquisitions. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Mocilnikar GE. Playing with movies: An examination of the interactions between music and film in “Fantasie for horn and film.” Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Kanter J. European Leaders Debate Proposals for Closer Military Ties. New York Times 2016:A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Traditional Chinese Medicine
ISSN (print)0254-6272
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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