How to format your references using the Cancer Discovery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cancer Discovery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Adrian RJ. Applied physics. Closing in on models of wall turbulence. Science. 2010;329:155–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Jin H-J, Weissmüller J. A material with electrically tunable strength and flow stress. Science. 2011;332:1179–82.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Munoz F, Couteron P, Hubbell SP. Comment on “Global correlations in tropical tree species richness and abundance reject neutrality.” Science. 2012;336:1639; author reply 1639.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Deleris A, Gallego-Bartolome J, Bao J, Kasschau KD, Carrington JC, Voinnet O. Hierarchical action and inhibition of plant Dicer-like proteins in antiviral defense. Science. 2006;313:68–71.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Schneider BD. Energy Leadership. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2007.
An edited book
1.
Shamrukh M, editor. Riverbank Filtration for Water Security in Desert Countries. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Danielescu A, Savio-Ramos C, Sadauskas J. Constructing an Embodied Interaction for Concept Mapping. In: Stephanidis C, editor. HCI International 2013 - Posters’ Extended Abstracts: International Conference, HCI International 2013, Las Vegas, NV, USA, July 21-26, 2013, Proceedings, Part II. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. page 23–7.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cancer Discovery.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. New Blood Test Could Diagnose Depression [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/brain/new-blood-test-could-diagnose-depression/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Biosurveillance: Observations on the Cancellation of BioWatch Gen-3 and Future Considerations for the Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014 Jun. Report No.: GAO-14-267T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Garishe SS. Protocol for file sharing in mobile ad hoc networks [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Greenhouse L. Supreme Court Allows Arizona To Use New Voter-ID Procedure. New York Times. 2006;A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleCancer Discovery
AbbreviationCancer Discov.
ISSN (print)2159-8274
ISSN (online)2159-8290
ScopeOncology

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