# How to format your references using the Business Horizons citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Business Horizons. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

## Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

## Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Benner, S. A. (2011). Comment on “A bacterium that can grow by using arsenic instead of phosphorus.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 332(6034), 1149; author reply 1149.
A journal article with 2 authors
Michel-Kerjan, E., & Kunreuther, H. (2011). Disaster management. Redesigning flood insurance. Science (New York, N.Y.), 333(6041), 408–409.
A journal article with 3 authors
Budday, S., Raybaud, C., & Kuhl, E. (2014). A mechanical model predicts morphological abnormalities in the developing human brain. Scientific Reports, 4, 5644.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Greene, E., Lyon, B. E., Muehter, V. R., Ratcliffe, L., Oliver, S. J., & Boag, P. T. (2000). Disruptive sexual selection for plumage coloration in a passerine bird. Nature, 407(6807), 1000–1003.

## Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chadha, R., & Kant, L. (2007). Policy-Driven Mobile Ad hoc Network Management. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
McDowell, M. A., & Rafati, S. (Eds.). (2014). Neglected Tropical Diseases - Middle East and North Africa. Vienna: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Barbasch, D., & Ciubotaru, D. (2015). Ladder representations of GL ( n , ℚ p ) $$\mathrm{GL}(n, \mathbb{Q}_{p})$$. In M. Nevins & P. E. Trapa (Eds.), Representations of Reductive Groups: In Honor of the 60th Birthday of David A. Vogan, Jr (pp. 117–137). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

## Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Business Horizons.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, May 21). Scientists Get Ready For The Latest Gravitational Wave Search. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from IFLScience website: https://www.iflscience.com/physics/search-gravitational-waves/

## Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Education and Care: Early Childhood Programs and Services for Low-Income Families (No. HEHS-00-11). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

## Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Duberstein, J. N. (2010). The shape of the commons: Social networks and the conservation of small-scale fisheries in the northern Gulf of California, Mexico (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

## News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C. (2013, July 28). Maybe Animals Just Need Quality Time With Friends. New York Times, p. A23B.

## In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Benner, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Benner, 2011; Michel-Kerjan & Kunreuther, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

• Two authors: (Michel-Kerjan & Kunreuther, 2011)
• Three authors: (Budday, Raybaud, & Kuhl, 2014)
• 6 or more authors: (Greene et al., 2000)