How to format your references using the Business Horizons citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Business Horizons. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Moses, M. (2009). Being human: engineering: worldwide ebb. Nature, 457(7230), 660–661.
A journal article with 2 authors
De Yoreo, J. J., & Dove, P. M. (2004). Materials science. Shaping crystals with biomolecules. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5700), 1301–1302.
A journal article with 3 authors
Foley, S. F., Buhre, S., & Jacob, D. E. (2003). Evolution of the Archaean crust by delamination and shallow subduction. Nature, 421(6920), 249–252.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Uchida, K., Takahashi, S., Harii, K., Ieda, J., Koshibae, W., Ando, K., Maekawa, S., & Saitoh, E. (2008). Observation of the spin Seebeck effect. Nature, 455(7214), 778–781.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brunet, R. (2013). Sustainable Geography. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Sansò, F., & Sideris, M. G. (Eds.). (2013). Geoid Determination: Theory and Methods (Vol. 110). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hidalgo-Herrero, M., Ortega-Mallén, Y., & Rubio, F. (2007). Comparing Alternative Evaluation Strategies for Stream-Based Parallel Functional Languages. In Z. Horváth, V. Zsók, & A. Butterfield (Eds.), Implementation and Application of Functional Languages: 18th International Symposium, IFL 2006, Budapest, Hungary, September 4-6, 2006, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 55–72). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Business Horizons.

Blog post
Evans, K. (2016, December 12). A Peek Into Women’s Bedrooms In 2016, According To A Popular Sex-Advice App. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2013). Race To The Top: States Implementing Teacher and Principal Evaluation Systems despite Challenges (GAO-13-777). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Beck, J. (2017). An Inquiry into Theory Use in HCI Research [Doctoral dissertation]. Indiana University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Parker, J. (2016, December 9). Dear Diary (Volume 1 of 148). New York Times, BR23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Moses, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (De Yoreo & Dove, 2004; Moses, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (De Yoreo & Dove, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Foley et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Uchida et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleBusiness Horizons
AbbreviationBus. Horiz.
ISSN (print)0007-6813
ScopeBusiness and International Management

Other styles