How to format your references using the Business Horizons citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Business Horizons. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kondrashov, F. (2015). Russia’s crackdowns are jeopardizing its science. Nature, 523(7561), 383.
A journal article with 2 authors
Volz, J., & Rauschenbeutel, A. (2012). Physics. Two atoms announce their long-distance relationship. Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6090), 40–41.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhong, Y., Zhang, L., & Su, D. (2000). Collaborations tailored for bioinformatics projects. Science (New York, N.Y.), 290(5499), 2074a.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Dreber, A., Rand, D. G., Fudenberg, D., & Nowak, M. A. (2008). Winners don’t punish. Nature, 452(7185), 348–351.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hossler, F. E. (2014). Ultrastructure Atlas of Human Tissues. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Dix, J., & Leite, J. (Eds.). (2005). Computational Logic in Multi-Agent Systems: 4th International Workshop, CLIMA IV, Fort Lauderdale, FL, USA, January 6-7, 2004, Revised Selected and Invited Papers (Vol. 3259). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Blease, R. E., & Smith, C. S. (2014). Blast Trauma. In L. B. Bone & C. N. Mamczak (Eds.), Front Line Extremity and Orthopaedic Surgery: A Practical Guide (pp. 31–42). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Business Horizons.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, August 19). How We’re Saving The Mountain Chicken Frog From One Of The World’s Worst Wildlife Diseases. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1971). Close Air Support: Principal Issues and Aircraft Choices (B-173850). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Watson, W. A. (2010). Middle school students’ experiences on a science museum field trip as Preparation for Future Learning [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2007, March 18). Free-Speech Case Divides Bush and Religious Right. New York Times, A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kondrashov, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Kondrashov, 2015; Volz & Rauschenbeutel, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Volz & Rauschenbeutel, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Zhong et al., 2000)
  • 6 or more authors: (Dreber et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleBusiness Horizons
AbbreviationBus. Horiz.
ISSN (print)0007-6813
ScopeBusiness and International Management

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