How to format your references using the Business Horizons citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Business Horizons. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marx, V. (2014). Cancer treatment: Sharp shooters. Nature, 508(7494), 133–138.
A journal article with 2 authors
Voytas, D. F., & Joung, J. K. (2009). Plant science. DNA binding made easy. Science (New York, N.Y.), 326(5959), 1491–1492.
A journal article with 3 authors
Alimardani, M., Nishio, S., & Ishiguro, H. (2013). Humanlike robot hands controlled by brain activity arouse illusion of ownership in operators. Scientific Reports, 3, 2396.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Michel, L. S., Liberal, V., Chatterjee, A., Kirchwegger, R., Pasche, B., Gerald, W., Dobles, M., Sorger, P. K., Murty, V. V., & Benezra, R. (2001). MAD2 haplo-insufficiency causes premature anaphase and chromosome instability in mammalian cells. Nature, 409(6818), 355–359.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kaul, S., Ali, F., Janakiram, S., & Wattenström, B. (2008). Business Models for Sustainable Telecoms Growth in Developing Economies. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Real, P., Diaz-Pernil, D., Molina-Abril, H., Berciano, A., & Kropatsch, W. (Eds.). (2011). Computer Analysis of Images and Patterns: 14th International Conference, CAIP 2011, Seville, Spain, August 29-31, 2011, Proceedings, Part II (Vol. 6855). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Arnold, V. I., Kozlov, V. V., & Neishtadt, A. I. (2006). Variational Principles and Methods. In V. V. Kozlov & A. I. Neishtadt (Eds.), Mathematical Aspects of Classical and Celestial Mechanics: Third Edition (pp. 135–170). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Business Horizons.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2016, June 27). How To Get That Last Drop Of Shampoo Out Of The Bottle. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). Major ADP Systems: DOD Does Not Always Comply With Statutory Restriction on Obligations (IMTEC-91-16). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gary, M. (2017). Home Range and Habitat Use of Juvenile Green Turtles in a Shallow Tidal Environment [Doctoral dissertation]. Florida Atlantic University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2016, November 11). Colon, After 3 Seasons With Mets, Agrees to Join Braves. New York Times, D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Marx, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Marx, 2014; Voytas & Joung, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Voytas & Joung, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Alimardani et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Michel et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleBusiness Horizons
AbbreviationBus. Horiz.
ISSN (print)0007-6813
ScopeBusiness and International Management

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