How to format your references using the Business Horizons citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Business Horizons. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith, C. (2013). Cancer shows strength through diversity. Nature, 499(7459), 505–508.
A journal article with 2 authors
Holland, M. D., & Hastings, A. (2008). Strong effect of dispersal network structure on ecological dynamics. Nature, 456(7223), 792–794.
A journal article with 3 authors
Merico, A., Tyrrell, T., & Wilson, P. A. (2008). Eocene/Oligocene ocean de-acidification linked to Antarctic glaciation by sea-level fall. Nature, 452(7190), 979–982.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Deville, P., Wang, D., Sinatra, R., Song, C., Blondel, V. D., & Barabási, A.-L. (2014). Career on the move: geography, stratification, and scientific impact. Scientific Reports, 4, 4770.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pohanish, R. P., & Greene, S. A. (2005). Wiley Guide to Chemical Incompatibilities. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ansell, N., Klocker, N., & Skelton, T. (Eds.). (2016). Geographies of Global Issues: Change and Threat (Vol. 8). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Devonshire-Ellis, C., Scott, A., & Woollard, S. (2011). Due Diligence. In C. Devonshire-Ellis, A. Scott, & S. Woollard (Eds.), Mergers & Acquisitions in China (pp. 37–50). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Business Horizons.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2017, May 17). Exoplanet As Dense As Styrofoam Might Teach Us A Lot About Planetary Atmospheres. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). Government Civilian Aircraft: Central Management Reforms Are Encouraging but Require Extensive Oversight (GGD-89-86). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
BenVau, L. (2014). Effects of larval Nosema ceranae infection on adult honey bee (Apis mellifera) morphology and physiology [Doctoral dissertation]. University of California San Diego.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Markoff, J. (2016, November 3). Hackers Have New Entries With the Internet of Things. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smith, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Holland & Hastings, 2008; Smith, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Holland & Hastings, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Merico et al., 2008)
  • 6 or more authors: (Deville et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleBusiness Horizons
AbbreviationBus. Horiz.
ISSN (print)0007-6813
ScopeBusiness and International Management

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