How to format your references using the Business Horizons citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Business Horizons. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Burrows, M. (2003). Biomechanics: froghopper insects leap to new heights. Nature, 424(6948), 509.
A journal article with 2 authors
Freckleton, R. P., & Sutherland, W. J. (2001). Hospital waiting-lists. Do power laws imply self-regulation? Nature, 413(6854), 382.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ni, S., Kanamori, H., & Helmberger, D. (2005). Seismology: energy radiation from the Sumatra earthquake. Nature, 434(7033), 582.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Stroock, A. D., Dertinger, S. K. W., Ajdari, A., Mezic, I., Stone, H. A., & Whitesides, G. M. (2002). Chaotic mixer for microchannels. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5555), 647–651.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zadora, G., Martyna, A., Ramos, D., & Aitken, C. (2013). Statistical Analysis in Forensic Science. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Rovenský, J., Payer, J., & Herold, M. (Eds.). (2016). Dictionary of Rheumatology (2nd ed. 2016). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Matsumoto, A., & Szidarovszky, F. (2016). Relation to Other Mathematical Problems. In F. Szidarovszky (Ed.), Game Theory and Its Applications (pp. 49–52). Tokyo: Springer Japan.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Business Horizons.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, October 16). Skipping Rocks On Frozen Lake Makes The “Coolest Sound Ever.” Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). District of Columbia: Extent to Which Schools Receive Available Federal Education Grants (No. T-HEHS-98-239). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Monforton, C. (2008). Evaluation of the impact of a mandatory safety training regulation on occupational injury and fatality rates among U.S. stone, sand and gravel miners (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M. J. O. (2015, July 3). Remembering the Phonograph. New York Times, p. C22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Burrows, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Burrows, 2003; Freckleton & Sutherland, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Freckleton & Sutherland, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Ni, Kanamori, & Helmberger, 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Stroock et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleBusiness Horizons
AbbreviationBus. Horiz.
ISSN (print)0007-6813
ScopeBusiness and International Management

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