How to format your references using the Journal of Thermophysics and Heat Transfer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Thermophysics and Heat Transfer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Alter, H. “Baruch Blumberg (1925-2011).” Nature, Vol. 473, No. 7346, 2011, p. 155.
A journal article with 2 authors
Conrado, R. J., and Gonzalez, R. “Chemistry. Envisioning the Bioconversion of Methane to Liquid Fuels.” Science (New York, N.Y.), Vol. 343, No. 6171, 2014, pp. 621–623.
A journal article with 3 authors
Glaser, A., Barak, B., and Goldston, R. J. “A Zero-Knowledge Protocol for Nuclear Warhead Verification.” Nature, Vol. 510, No. 7506, 2014, pp. 497–502.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Salvador, J. R., Guo, F., Hogan, T., and Kanatzidis, M. G. “Zero Thermal Expansion in YbGaGe Due to an Electronic Valence Transition.” Nature, Vol. 425, No. 6959, 2003, pp. 702–705.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Doldi, L. Validation of Communications Systems with SDL. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2005.
An edited book
Raghukumar, C., Ed. Biology of Marine Fungi. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Chatterjee, K., Doyen, L., Filiot, E., and Raskin, J.-F. Doomsday Equilibria for Omega-Regular Games. In Verification, Model Checking, and Abstract Interpretation: 15th International Conference, VMCAI 2014, San Diego, CA, USA, January 19-21, 2014, Proceedings (K. L. McMillan and X. Rival, eds.), Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 78–97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Thermophysics and Heat Transfer.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Giant Manta Ray Tangled In Fishing Line Appears To “Ask For Help” From Divers. IFLScience. Accessed Oct. 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Tax Systems Modernization: Unmanaged Risks Threaten Success. Publication T-AIMD-95-86. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Milner, M. An Evaluation of the Influence of Case Method Instruction on the Reflective Thinking of MSW Students. Doctoral dissertation. University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. “The Son of Joseph.” New York Times, Jan 12, 2017, p. C12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Thermophysics and Heat Transfer
ISSN (print)0887-8722
ISSN (online)1533-6808
ScopeCondensed Matter Physics

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