How to format your references using the Journal of Thermophysics and Heat Transfer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Thermophysics and Heat Transfer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lok, C. “Smithsonian Head Ruffled by Inquiry.” Nature, Vol. 412, No. 6844, 2001, p. 257.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yuan, C., and Yamagata, T. “California Niño/Niña.” Scientific reports, Vol. 4, 2014, p. 4801.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lu, J., Li, W.-H., and Wu, C.-I. “Comment on ‘Chromosomal Speciation and Molecular Divergence-Accelerated Evolution in Rearranged Chromosomes.’” Science (New York, N.Y.), Vol. 302, No. 5647, 2003, pp. 988; author reply 988.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Brown, S. A., Ripperger, J., Kadener, S., Fleury-Olela, F., Vilbois, F., Rosbash, M., and Schibler, U. “PERIOD1-Associated Proteins Modulate the Negative Limb of the Mammalian Circadian Oscillator.” Science (New York, N.Y.), Vol. 308, No. 5722, 2005, pp. 693–696.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hurst, K. Primary Care Trust Workforce Planning and Development. Whurr Publishers Ltd, Philadelphia, PA, USA, 2008.
An edited book
Mansourian, S. Forest Restoration in Landscapes: Beyond Planting Trees. Springer, New York, NY, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Kokkinos, I. Bounding Part Scores for Rapid Detection with Deformable Part Models. In Computer Vision – ECCV 2012. Workshops and Demonstrations: Florence, Italy, October 7-13, 2012, Proceedings, Part III (A. Fusiello, V. Murino, and R. Cucchiara, eds.), Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012, pp. 41–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Thermophysics and Heat Transfer.

Blog post
Andrew, D. China Says It Has Stopped Harvesting Organs, But Evidence Belies Its Claim. IFLScience. Accessed Oct. 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. IRS ADP Contracts. Publication GGD-92-14R. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Becker, L. A. Noncredit to Credit Transitions: The Role of Cultural Capital and Habitus for Adult Immigrant Learners in the Community College. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, B. K. B., Writer, A., and has covered Chicago politics for eight years. “CHICAGO AND ITS MAYOR, TWO YEARS LATER.” New York Times, Apr 13, 1985, p. 123.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Thermophysics and Heat Transfer
ISSN (print)0887-8722
ISSN (online)1533-6808
ScopeCondensed Matter Physics

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