How to format your references using the Journal of Thermophysics and Heat Transfer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Thermophysics and Heat Transfer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zenobi, R. “Single-Cell Metabolomics: Analytical and Biological Perspectives.” Science (New York, N.Y.), Vol. 342, No. 6163, 2013, p. 1243259.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nuth, J. A., 3rd, and Johnson, N. M. “Astronomy. Complex Protostellar Chemistry.” Science (New York, N.Y.), Vol. 336, No. 6080, 2012, pp. 424–425.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sims, D. W., Andrews, P. L., and Young, J. Z. “Stomach Rinsing in Rays.” Nature, Vol. 404, No. 6778, 2000, p. 566.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Camilo, F., Ransom, S. M., Halpern, J. P., Reynolds, J., Helfand, D. J., Zimmerman, N., and Sarkissian, J. “Transient Pulsed Radio Emission from a Magnetar.” Nature, Vol. 442, No. 7105, 2006, pp. 892–895.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Omura, G., and Benton, B. C. Mastering AutoCAD and AutoCAD LT. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Indianapolis, Indiana, 2017.
An edited book
Elmqvist, T., Fragkias, M., Goodness, J., Güneralp, B., Marcotullio, P. J., McDonald, R. I., Parnell, S., Schewenius, M., Sendstad, M., Seto, K. C., and Wilkinson, C., Eds. Urbanization, Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services: Challenges and Opportunities: A Global Assessment. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Goudra, B. G., and Singh, P. M. Principles of Total Intravenous Anesthesia. In Essentials of Pharmacology for Anesthesia, Pain Medicine, and Critical Care (A. D. Kaye, A. M. Kaye, and R. D. Urman, eds.), Springer, New York, NY, 2015, pp. 73–86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Thermophysics and Heat Transfer.

Blog post
Andrew, D. It’s Official: One Joint Of Cannabis Makes You Lazy … But Only In The Short Term. IFLScience. Accessed Oct. 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Air Traffic Control: FAA Has Not Fully Assessed Its User Request Evaluation Tool. Publication AIMD/RCED-98-59R. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Iniguez, D. Mentoring through Performing Arts; A Grant Proposal for at Risk Youth in Middle School. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Robertson, C., Walsh, M. W., and Cooper, M. “Bankruptcy Rarely Offers Easy Answer For Counties.” New York Times, Nov 11, 2011, p. A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Thermophysics and Heat Transfer
ISSN (print)0887-8722
ISSN (online)1533-6808
ScopeCondensed Matter Physics

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