How to format your references using the Journal of Thermophysics and Heat Transfer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Thermophysics and Heat Transfer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Leonhardt, U., “A laboratory analogue of the event horizon using slow light in an atomic medium,” Nature, vol. 415, Jan. 2002, pp. 406–409.
A journal article with 2 authors
Martin, C. R., and Baker, L. A., “Materials science. Expanding the molecular electronics toolbox,” Science (New York, N.Y.), vol. 309, Jul. 2005, pp. 67–68.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tingley, M. W., Estes, L. D., and Wilcove, D. S., “Ecosystems: climate change must not blow conservation off course,” Nature, vol. 500, Aug. 2013, pp. 271–272.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kawate, T., Michel, J. C., Birdsong, W. T., and Gouaux, E., “Crystal structure of the ATP-gated P2X(4) ion channel in the closed state,” Nature, vol. 460, Jul. 2009, pp. 592–598.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Allman, K., and Nogales, X. E. D., Impact Investment, Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2015.
An edited book
Conti, P. S., and Cham, D. K., eds., PET-CT: A Case-Based Approach, New York, NY: Springer, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Wille, R., and Drechsler, R., “Embedding of Irreversible Functions,” Towards a Design Flow for Reversible Logic, R. Drechsler, ed., Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2010, pp. 93–111.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Thermophysics and Heat Transfer.

Blog post
Hale, T., “Colorful Murals Cover A 1,000-Year-Old Chinese Tomb,” IFLScience Available:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Education Programs: Major Issues Affecting Postsecondary Education, School-to-Work, and Youth Employment Programs, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Baumgarten, D. K., “An Examination of the Relationship between Collegiate Student-Athlete’s Leadership Role in the Athletic Setting and Their Academic Success,” Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K., “You Let Your Hair Down, and This Barkeep Cuts It,” New York Times, Apr. 2001, p. 144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Thermophysics and Heat Transfer
ISSN (print)0887-8722
ISSN (online)1533-6808
ScopeCondensed Matter Physics

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