How to format your references using the Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
John P. Applied physics. Toward diamond lasers. Science 2001;292(5523):1847–1848.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Lin MT, Beal MF. Mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress in neurodegenerative diseases. Nature 2006;443(7113):787–795.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Heiling AM, Herberstein ME, Chittka L. Pollinator attraction: Crab-spiders manipulate flower signals. Nature 2003;421(6921):334.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Togan E, Chu Y, Trifonov AS, et al. Quantum entanglement between an optical photon and a solid-state spin qubit. Nature 2010;466(7307):730–734.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Mitra A. Fundamentals of Quality Control and Improvement. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2008.
An edited book
1.
Griffiths TG, Millei Z, eds. Logics of Socialist Education: Engaging with Crisis, Insecurity and Uncertainty. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Crabtree NJ, Kent K. Acquisition of DXA in Children and Adolescents. In: Fung EB, Bachrach LK, Sawyer AJ, eds. Bone Health Assessment in Pediatrics: Guidelines for Clinical Practice. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016:89–114.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology.

Blog post
1.
Davis J. Singapore Pursues Palm Oil Companies Over 2015 Haze. IFLScience 2016. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/singapore-pursues-palm-oil-companies-over-2015-haze/. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. National Airspace System: Airport-Centric Development. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2013.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Kim H. Prediction and Elimination of Galling in Forming Galvanized Advanced High Strength Steels (AHSS). 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Vecsey G. Waiting To Discover If Water Still Flows. New York Times. January 14, 2010:B17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
AbbreviationJ. Geriatr. Psychiatry Neurol.
ISSN (print)0891-9887
ScopeGeriatrics and Gerontology
Clinical Neurology
Psychiatry and Mental health

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