How to format your references using the Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Alroy J. The shifting balance of diversity among major marine animal groups. Science 2010;329(5996):1191–1194.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lyon BE, Eadie JM. An obligate brood parasite trapped in the intraspecific arms race of its hosts. Nature 2004;432(7015):390–393.
A journal article with 3 authors
Alarousu E, AlSaggaf A, Jabbour GE. Online monitoring of printed electronics by Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography. Sci. Rep. 2013;3:1562.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Thüring T, Abis M, Wang Z, David C, Stampanoni M. X-ray phase-contrast imaging at 100 keV on a conventional source. Sci. Rep. 2014;4:5198.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Adhikari SK. Variational Principles and the Numerical Solution of Scattering Problems. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2005.
An edited book
Kelemen J, Kelemenová A, eds. Computation, Cooperation, and Life: Essays Dedicated to Gheorghe Păun on the Occasion of His 60th Birthday. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Fargion V. Children, Gender and Families in the Italian Welfare State. In: Ajzenstadt M, Gal J, eds. Children, Gender and Families in Mediterranean Welfare States. Children¿s Well-Being: Indicators and Research. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2010:105–128.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Is There A Moral Centre In Our Brain? IFLScience 2015. Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Status of Airports’ Efforts to Deal with Date Change Problem. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Krometis L-AH. Microbial partitioning in urban stormwaters. 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Supreme Court Takes Up 2 Cases Challenging Powers of U.S. Regulators to Protect Wetlands. New York Times. October 12, 2005:A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
AbbreviationJ. Geriatr. Psychiatry Neurol.
ISSN (print)0891-9887
ScopeGeriatrics and Gerontology
Clinical Neurology
Psychiatry and Mental health

Other styles