How to format your references using the Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Butler D. Prion data suggest BSE link to sporadic CJD. Nature 2002;420(6915):450.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rieder CL, Khodjakov A. Mitosis through the microscope: advances in seeing inside live dividing cells. Science 2003;300(5616):91–96.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pollack SE, Dries D, Hulet RG. Universality in three- and four-body bound states of ultracold atoms. Science 2009;326(5960):1683–1685.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Pinkse PW, Fischer T, Maunz P, Rempe G. Trapping an atom with single photons. Nature 2000;404(6776):365–368.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Etube LS. Fatigue and Fracture Mechanics of Offshore Structures. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2000.
An edited book
Fouché G. Accelerated VB 2008. (Nash T, ed.). Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Milojković-Opsenica D, Andrić F. High Performance Thin-Layer Chromatography. In: Inamuddin, Mohammad A, eds. Green Chromatographic Techniques: Separation and Purification of Organic and Inorganic Analytes. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014:81–101.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology.

Blog post
Andrews R. No Turning Back As Earth Permanently Passes CO2 Threshold. IFLScience 2016. Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. School Age Demographics: Recent Trends Pose New Educational Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Heyer C. Advocacy Services for College Students With Disabilities: A Grant Proposal. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Markoff J. Creating a Safer Phone Battery (This One Won’t Catch Fire). New York Times. December 12, 2016:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
AbbreviationJ. Geriatr. Psychiatry Neurol.
ISSN (print)0891-9887
ScopeGeriatrics and Gerontology
Clinical Neurology
Psychiatry and Mental health

Other styles