How to format your references using the Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gorte RJ. CHEMICAL ENGINEERING. Cooling down ceramic fuel cells. Science 2015;349(6254):1290.
A journal article with 2 authors
Giuseppone N, Lutz J-F. Materials chemistry: catalytic accordions. Nature 2011;473(7345):40–41.
A journal article with 3 authors
Davis SP, Finarelli JA, Coates MI. Acanthodes and shark-like conditions in the last common ancestor of modern gnathostomes. Nature 2012;486(7402):247–250.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Galbraith ED, Jaccard SL, Pedersen TF, et al. Carbon dioxide release from the North Pacific abyss during the last deglaciation. Nature 2007;449(7164):890–893.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
PKF International Ltd. Wiley IFRS 2017 Interpretation and Application of IFRS Standards. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2017.
An edited book
Tessman L, ed. Feminist Ethics and Social and Political Philosophy: Theorizing the Non-Ideal. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Cisneros LH, Ganguly S, Goldstein RE, Kessler JO. Individual to Collective Dynamics of Swimming Bacteria. In: Childress S, Hosoi A, Schultz WW, Wang J, eds. Natural Locomotion in Fluids and on Surfaces: Swimming, Flying, and Sliding. The IMA Volumes in Mathematics and its Applications. New York, NY: Springer; 2012:73–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology.

Blog post
Davis J. Paris Makes All Public Transport Free In A Bid To Tackle The Worst Smog Seen In 10 Years. IFLScience 2016. Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. NASA: Assessments of Selected Large-Scale Projects. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2013.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Powell JR. Ocean fronts in the Southern California Current System and their role in structuring zooplankton distributions, diel vertical migration, and size composition. 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J, Grynbaum MM. How NBC Was Scooped on Its Own ‘Access Hollywood’ Trump Video. New York Times. October 9, 2016:B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
AbbreviationJ. Geriatr. Psychiatry Neurol.
ISSN (print)0891-9887
ScopeGeriatrics and Gerontology
Clinical Neurology
Psychiatry and Mental health

Other styles