How to format your references using the Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eyre-Walker A. Evolution. Size does not matter for mitochondrial DNA. Science 2006;312(5773):537–538.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wilusz JE, Sharp PA. Molecular biology. A circuitous route to noncoding RNA. Science 2013;340(6131):440–441.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pryke SR, Rollins LA, Griffith SC. Females use multiple mating and genetically loaded sperm competition to target compatible genes. Science 2010;329(5994):964–967.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
O’Dowd CD, Aalto P, Hmeri K, Kulmala M, Hoffmann T. Aerosol formation: atmospheric particles from organic vapours. Nature 2002;416(6880):497–498.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Botto F. Dictionary of e-Business. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2003.
An edited book
Cazenave A, Champollion N, Benveniste J, Chen J, eds. Remote Sensing and Water Resources. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang L, Wu K, Hamdi M. Applications to Classic Problems. In: Wu K, Hamdi M, eds. Attachment Transmission in Wireless Networks. SpringerBriefs in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014:29–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Finland’s School Eeforms Won’t Scrap Subjects Altogether. IFLScience 2015. Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Medicare: Callers Can Access 1-800-MEDICARE Services, but Responsibility within CMS for Limited English Proficiency Plan Unclear. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hutter-Thomas S. Sociocultural Evolution: An Examination of Unorthodox Elective Body Modification. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Herrman J. Mayer’s Media Problem at Yahoo Is Now Verizon’s. New York Times. July 26, 2016:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
AbbreviationJ. Geriatr. Psychiatry Neurol.
ISSN (print)0891-9887
ScopeGeriatrics and Gerontology
Clinical Neurology
Psychiatry and Mental health

Other styles