How to format your references using the Frontiers in Clinical and Translational Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Clinical and Translational Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schoeninger, M. J. (2012). Palaeoanthropology: the ancestral dinner table. Nature 487, 42–43.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reynolds, T. B., and Fink, G. R. (2001). Bakers’ yeast, a model for fungal biofilm formation. Science 291, 878–881.
A journal article with 3 authors
Copeland, N. G., Jenkins, N. A., and O’Brien, S. J. (2002). Genomics. Mmu 16--comparative genomic highlights. Science 296, 1617–1618.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Varpula, A., Laakso, S. J., Havia, T., Kyynäräinen, J., and Prunnila, M. (2014). Harvesting vibrational energy using material work functions. Sci. Rep. 4, 6799.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sierra, M. A., de la Torre, M. C., and Cossío, F. P. (2013). More Dead Ends and Detours. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Tong, C.-K. ed. (2014). Chinese Business: Rethinking Guanxi and Trust in Chinese Business Networks. Singapore: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kuder, T. (2009). “Integrated Leitbilder for Urban Development Policy: The Example of the University and Hanseatic City of Greifswald,” in Guiding Principles for Spatial Development in Germany German Annual of Spatial Research and Policy., ed. W. Strubelt (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 1–19.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Clinical and Translational Physiology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Why Do Spiders Curl Up When They Die? IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2015). Information Technology: FDA Has Taken Steps to Address Challenges but Needs a Comprehensive Strategic Plan. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kay, V. L. (2009). A single mother and child welfare: A personal narrative.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Craig, S. (2016). Trump’s Brand Gets Lift From Aging Air Fleet. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schoeninger, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Reynolds and Fink, 2001; Schoeninger, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Reynolds and Fink, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Varpula et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Clinical and Translational Physiology
AbbreviationFront. Physiol.
ISSN (online)1664-042X
Physiology (medical)

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