How to format your references using the Frontiers in Clinical and Translational Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Clinical and Translational Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bell, J. (2002). Planetary science. Tip of the Martian iceberg? Science 297, 60–61.
A journal article with 2 authors
Li, H., and Durbin, R. (2011). Inference of human population history from individual whole-genome sequences. Nature 475, 493–496.
A journal article with 3 authors
Omabegho, T., Sha, R., and Seeman, N. C. (2009). A bipedal DNA Brownian motor with coordinated legs. Science 324, 67–71.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Molkenthin, N., Rehfeld, K., Marwan, N., and Kurths, J. (2014). Networks from flows--from dynamics to topology. Sci. Rep. 4, 4119.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Maguire, L., and Smith, E. (2012). 30 Great Myths about Shakespeare. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
An edited book
Deved¿ic, V. (2009). Model Driven Engineering and Ontology Development. , eds. D. Djuric and D. Ga¿evic Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Napier, M. (2009). “Making Urban Land Markets Work Better in South African Cities and Towns: Arguing the Basis for Access by the Poor,” in Urban Land Markets: Improving Land Management for Successful Urbanization, eds. S. V. Lall, M. Freire, B. Yuen, R. Rajack, and J.-J. Helluin (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), 71–97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Clinical and Translational Physiology.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016). Check Out This Remote Control SpaceX Falcon 9 Rocket Nail Its Landing. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2015). Aviation Security: TSA’s Managed Inclusion Process Expands Passenger Expedited Screening, But TSA Has Not Tested Its Security Effectiveness. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Al khuwaildi, H. A. (2010). Green techniques in the healthcare system.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2016). Cabrera Puts End to Wild Game With 1 1th-Inning Homer. New York Times, B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bell, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Bell, 2002; Li and Durbin, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Li and Durbin, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Molkenthin et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Clinical and Translational Physiology
AbbreviationFront. Physiol.
ISSN (online)1664-042X
Physiology (medical)

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