How to format your references using the Frontiers in Clinical and Translational Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Clinical and Translational Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kaiser, J. (2000). ECOSYSTEM ASSESSMENT: Ecologists Hope to Avoid the Mistakes of Previous Assessment. Science 289, 1677.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hezel, D. C., and Russell, S. S. (2008). Comment on “ancient asteroids enriched in refractory inclusions.” Science 322, 1050; author reply 1050.
A journal article with 3 authors
Smith, J., Theodoris, C., and Davidson, E. H. (2007). A gene regulatory network subcircuit drives a dynamic pattern of gene expression. Science 318, 794–797.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Organ, C. L., Schweitzer, M. H., Zheng, W., Freimark, L. M., Cantley, L. C., and Asara, J. M. (2008). Molecular phylogenetics of mastodon and Tyrannosaurus rex. Science 320, 499.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Holmes, J. D. (2016). Great Myths of Education and Learning. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Zulkhibri, M., Ismail, A. G., and Hidayat, S. E. eds. (2016). Macroprudential Regulation and Policy for the Islamic Financial Industry: Theory and Applications. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Kurtz, J., and Wortman, B. (2014). “Up and Down the Stack with a POST,” in ASP.NET Web API 2: Building a REST Service from Start to Finish, ed. B. Wortman (Berkeley, CA: Apress), 49–115.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Clinical and Translational Physiology.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016). Elephant Appears To Seek Human Help After Being Shot By Poachers. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996). Higher Education: Ensuring Quality Education From Proprietary Institutions. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Smith, K. A. (2010). Impact of animal assisted therapy reading instruction on reading performance of homeschooled students.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly, E. (1998). Media Talk; Dialing Sister Souljah at WLIB. New York Times, D8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kaiser, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Kaiser, 2000; Hezel and Russell, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hezel and Russell, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Organ et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Clinical and Translational Physiology
AbbreviationFront. Physiol.
ISSN (online)1664-042X
Physiology (medical)

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