How to format your references using the Frontiers in Clinical and Translational Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Clinical and Translational Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Coontz, R. (2012). Mysteries of astronomy. Science 336, 1090.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zheng, J., and Jia, Z. (2010). Structure of the bifunctional isocitrate dehydrogenase kinase/phosphatase. Nature 465, 961–965.
A journal article with 3 authors
Su, Q.-P., Yang, C.-P., and Zheng, S.-B. (2014). Fast and simple scheme for generating NOON states of photons in circuit QED. Sci. Rep. 4, 3898.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lee, D. M., Friend, D. S., Gurish, M. F., Benoist, C., Mathis, D., and Brenner, M. B. (2002). Mast cells: a cellular link between autoantibodies and inflammatory arthritis. Science 297, 1689–1692.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McPhee, P. (2012). A Companion to the French Revolution. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
An edited book
Castricano, J., and Simonsen, R. R. eds. (2016). Critical Perspectives on Veganism. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Woolley, J. L. (2014). “Opportunities for Social Value Creation Across Supply Chain Interactions,” in Emerging Research Directions in Social Entrepreneurship, eds. L. Pate and C. Wankel (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), 51–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Clinical and Translational Physiology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2015). What Really Is A Planet? New Definition Solves Dilemma. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2012). Airport Noise Grants: FAA Needs to Better Ensure Project Eligibility and Improve Strategic Goal and Performance Measures. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Heckman, K. A. (2010). Pedogenesis & carbon dynamics across a lithosequence under ponderosa pine.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. (2007). Former Killing Ground Becomes Shrine to Stalin’s Victims. New York Times, A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Coontz, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Zheng and Jia, 2010; Coontz, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zheng and Jia, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Lee et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Clinical and Translational Physiology
AbbreviationFront. Physiol.
ISSN (online)1664-042X
Physiology (medical)

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