How to format your references using the Frontiers in Clinical and Translational Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Clinical and Translational Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Perez, D. R. (2012). Public health and biosecurity. H5N1 debates: hung up on the wrong questions. Science 335, 799–801.
A journal article with 2 authors
Moret, Y., and Schmid-Hempel, P. (2001). Immune defence in bumble-bee offspring. Nature 414, 506.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pinker, R. T., Zhang, B., and Dutton, E. G. (2005). Do satellites detect trends in surface solar radiation? Science 308, 850–854.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Vo, M.-N., Terrey, M., Lee, J. W., Roy, B., Moresco, J. J., Sun, L., et al. (2018). ANKRD16 prevents neuron loss caused by an editing-defective tRNA synthetase. Nature 557, 510–515.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Westermeier, R. (2004). Electrophoresis in Practice. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Peña-Ayala, A. ed. (2013). Intelligent and Adaptive Educational-Learning Systems: Achievements and Trends. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Aro, M. (2015). “In Action and Inaction: English Learners Authoring Their Agency,” in Beliefs, Agency and Identity in Foreign Language Learning and Teaching, eds. A. M. F. Barcelos, M. Aro, and M. Ruohotie-Lyhty (London: Palgrave Macmillan UK), 48–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Clinical and Translational Physiology.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016). Why Do We Have Nightmares? IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996). Federally Funded R&D Centers: Observations on DOD Actions To Improve Management. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Caldretti, M. (2017). Vocal Pedagogy and the Adolescent Female Singing Voice.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
(nyt), S. K. (2001). World Briefing | Europe: Abkhazia: Fighting In A Breakaway Region. New York Times, A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Perez, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Moret and Schmid-Hempel, 2001; Perez, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Moret and Schmid-Hempel, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Vo et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Clinical and Translational Physiology
AbbreviationFront. Physiol.
ISSN (online)1664-042X
Physiology (medical)

Other styles