How to format your references using the Frontiers in Clinical and Translational Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Clinical and Translational Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blank, D. A. (2008). Chemistry. A sideways glance at chemical reactivity. Science 322, 1056–1057.
A journal article with 2 authors
Drain, P. K., and Barry, M. (2010). Global health. Fifty years of U.S. embargo: Cuba’s health outcomes and lessons. Science 328, 572–573.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, Z., Xu, B., and Zhou, H.-J. (2014). Social cycling and conditional responses in the Rock-Paper-Scissors game. Sci. Rep. 4, 5830.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Bahrami, M., Donadi, S., Ferialdi, L., Bassi, A., Curceanu, C., Di Domenico, A., et al. (2013). Are collapse models testable with quantum oscillating systems? The case of neutrinos, kaons, chiral molecules. Sci. Rep. 3, 1952.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Curioso, A., Bradford, R., and Galbraith, P. (2010). Expert PHP and MySQL®. Indianapolis, IN, USA: Wiley Publishing, Inc.
An edited book
Peris-Ortiz, M., Gómez, J. A., Vélez-Torres, F., and Rueda-Armengot, C. eds. (2016). Education Tools for Entrepreneurship: Creating an Action-Learning Environment through Educational Learning Tools. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Masera, M. (2005). “Systemic Challenges for Critical Information Infrastructure Protection,” in Cyberspace Security and Defense: Research Issues: Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Cyberspace Security and Defense: Research Issues Gdansk, Poland 6–9 September 2004 NATO Science Series II: Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry., eds. J. S. Kowalik, J. Gorski, and A. Sachenko (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), 57–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Clinical and Translational Physiology.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015). Growing Up With A Dog Could Lower Risk Of Developing Asthma. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996). Earth Observing System: Cost and Research Issues. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Maddox, C. E. (2012). Postcolonial play: Encounters with sport and physical culture in contemporary India.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Glionna, J. M. (2016). A Vietnam-Era Deserter Hopes to Rally a New Antiwar Generation. New York Times, A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Blank, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Blank, 2008, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Drain and Barry, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Bahrami et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Clinical and Translational Physiology
AbbreviationFront. Physiol.
ISSN (online)1664-042X
Physiology (medical)

Other styles