How to format your references using the Frontiers in Clinical and Translational Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Clinical and Translational Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Javanainen, J. (2005). Physics. Bose-Einstein condensates interfere and survive. Science 307, 1883–1885.
A journal article with 2 authors
Anand, P., and Chandra, N. (2014). Characterizing the pocketome of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and application in rationalizing polypharmacological target selection. Sci. Rep. 4, 6356.
A journal article with 3 authors
Weil, D., Graham, M., and Fung, A. (2013). Science and regulation. Targeting transparency. Science 340, 1410–1411.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Canuto, M. A., Estrada-Belli, F., Garrison, T. G., Houston, S. D., Acuña, M. J., Kováč, M., et al. (2018). Ancient lowland Maya complexity as revealed by airborne laser scanning of northern Guatemala. Science 361.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fisher, R. B., Breckon, T. P., Dawson-Howe, K., Fitzgibbon, A., Robertson, C., Trucco, E., et al. (2016). Dictionary of Computer Vision and Image Processing. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Ao, S.-I., Yang, G.-C., and Gelman, L. eds. (2016). Transactions on Engineering Technologies. Singapore: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Grinin, L., and Korotayev, A. (2015). “The Great Convergence and Globalization: How Former Colonies Became the World Economic Locomotives,” in Great Divergence and Great Convergence: A Global Perspective, ed. A. Korotayev (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 115–158.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Clinical and Translational Physiology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). From Poison To Legalization, Can The Rhino Poaching Crisis Ever Be Solved? IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1982). Industrial Policy: Japan’s Flexible Approach. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Downey, S. S. (2009). Resilient networks and and the historical ecology of Q’eqchi’ Maya swidden agriculture.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2005). Roberts Court Hears Its First Case in Federalism Debate. New York Times, A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Javanainen, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Anand and Chandra, 2014; Javanainen, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Anand and Chandra, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Canuto et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Clinical and Translational Physiology
AbbreviationFront. Physiol.
ISSN (online)1664-042X
Physiology (medical)

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