How to format your references using the Eye citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Eye. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Berry DA. The science of doping. Nature. 2008; 454(7205): 692–693.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Berman F, Cerf V. Science priorities. Who will pay for public access to research data? Science. 2013; 341(6146): 616–617.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Richmond JE, Weimer RM, Jorgensen EM. An open form of syntaxin bypasses the requirement for UNC-13 in vesicle priming. Nature. 2001; 412(6844): 338–341.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Struchtemeyer CG, Ranganathan A, Couger MB, Liggenstoffer AS, Youssef NH, Elshahed MS. Survival of the anaerobic fungus Orpinomyces sp. strain C1A after prolonged air exposure. Sci. Rep. 2014; 4: 6892.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. He Z.Wavelet Analysis and Transient Signal Processing Applications for Power Systems. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
1. Allen J, van der Velden R eds.The Flexible Professional in the Knowledge Society: New Challenges for Higher Education. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Smyth J, Down B, McInerney P. Socially Critical Pedagogy of Teaching. In: Down B, McInerney P (eds). The Socially Just School: Making Space for Youth to Speak Back. Explorations of Educational Purpose. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014. pp. 93–110.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Eye.

Blog post
1. Hamilton K. Climate Change And Poverty Are As Much Of A Threat As Terrorism For Many Young People. IFLScience. 2017. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/climate-change-and-poverty-are-as-much-of-a-threat-as-terrorism-for-many-young-people/ [Accessed October 30, 2018].

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office.Disadvantaged Business Enterprise Program: Assessing Use of Proxy Data Would Enhance Ability to Know If States Are Meeting Their Goals. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Cong M. Predictive models of cytotoxicity as mediated by exposure to environmental toxicants and drugs. 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Howe SH. Mandan Territory. New York Times. 1904: REVIEW OF BOOKSBR642.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleEye
AbbreviationEYE
ISSN (print)0950-222X
ISSN (online)1476-5454
ScopeOphthalmology
General Arts and Humanities

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