How to format your references using the Eye citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Eye. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Bettencourt LMA. The origins of scaling in cities. Science. 2013; 340(6139): 1438–1441.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Echeverri K, Tanaka EM. Ectoderm to mesoderm lineage switching during axolotl tail regeneration. Science. 2002; 298(5600): 1993–1996.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Peñalver E, Grimaldi DA, Delclòs X. Early Cretaceous spider web with its prey. Science. 2006; 312(5781): 1761.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Zhou WP, Li Q, Xiong YQ, Zhang QM, Wang DH, Cao QQ, et al. Electric field manipulation of magnetic and transport properties in SrRuO3/Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-PbTiO3 heterostructure. Sci. Rep. 2014; 4: 6991.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Nash J.Diabetes and Wellbeing. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2013.
An edited book
1. Shah K, Lakshmi Gorty VR, Phirke A eds.Technology Systems and Management: First International Conference, ICTSM 2011, Mumbai, India, February 25-27, 2011. Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Huang M, Xia B, Zou Y, Jiang P, Feng Y, Cheng Z, et al. No-Till Direct Seeding for Energy-Saving Rice Production in China. In: Lichtfouse E (ed). Farming for Food and Water Security. Sustainable Agriculture Reviews. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012. pp. 111–126.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Eye.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. First Collision In Most Powerful Particle Collider Ever. IFLScience. 2015. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office.Customs Service Modernization: Third Expenditure Plan Meets Legislative Conditions, but Cost Estimating Improvements Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Aiken J. Virtually a leader: Mitigating process losses through shared team states. 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Peters JW, Haberman M. Charlottesville Shifted Timing Of Bannon Exit. New York Times. 2017: A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleEye
ISSN (print)0950-222X
ISSN (online)1476-5454
General Arts and Humanities

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