How to format your references using the Eye citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Eye. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Gershon D. Structural genomics--from cottage industry to industrial revolution. Nature. 2000; 408(6809): 273–274.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Fields S, Johnston M. Cell biology. Whither model organism research? Science. 2005; 307(5717): 1885–1886.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Mouchel CF, Osmont KS, Hardtke CS. BRX mediates feedback between brassinosteroid levels and auxin signalling in root growth. Nature. 2006; 443(7110): 458–461.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Fan J, Rosenfeld D, Zhang Y, Giangrande SE, Li Z, Machado LAT, et al. Substantial convection and precipitation enhancements by ultrafine aerosol particles. Science. 2018; 359(6374): 411–418.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Faticoni TG.The Mathematics of Infinity. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2006.
An edited book
1. Kikuchi M.Frontiers in Fusion Research II: Introduction to Modern Tokamak Physics, 1st ed. 2015., (Azumi M (ed).). Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Zeng G, Gong B, Wang JS, Li J, Zhu J. BeiDou/GPS Indirect Fusion Precision Orbit Determination. In: Sun J, Jiao W, Wu H, Lu M (eds). China Satellite Navigation Conference (CSNC) 2014 Proceedings: Volume III. Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014. pp. 55–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Eye.

Blog post
1. Evans K. Here’s What Actually Happens When You Have An Abortion. IFLScience. 2017. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office.Why Performance of Automatic Voice Network (AUTOVON) Service Needs Improvement. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1974.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Thompson AJ. Textiles as Indicators of Hopewellian Culture Burial Practices. 2003.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Poniewozik J. Fantasy Frenzy? Or Eerie Dreams? New York Times. 2017: C8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleEye
ISSN (print)0950-222X
ISSN (online)1476-5454
General Arts and Humanities

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