How to format your references using the Eye citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Eye. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Graber C. Aetiology: The path to disease. Nature. 2011; 480(7377): S54-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Barbraud C, Weimerskirch H. Emperor penguins and climate change. Nature. 2001; 411(6834): 183–186.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Cartwright HN, Humphries JA, Smith LG. PAN1: a receptor-like protein that promotes polarization of an asymmetric cell division in maize. Science. 2009; 323(5914): 649–651.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Isbell F, Calcagno V, Hector A, Connolly J, Harpole WS, Reich PB, et al. High plant diversity is needed to maintain ecosystem services. Nature. 2011; 477(7363): 199–202.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Hauser G.Hygienegerechte Apparate Und Anlagen. D-69451 Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH; 2008.
An edited book
1. Wells A ed.Cell Motility in Cancer Invasion and Metastasis. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Criado J, Martínez S, Iribarne L, Cabot J. Enabling the Reuse of Stored Model Transformations Through Annotations. In: Kolovos D, Wimmer M (eds). Theory and Practice of Model Transformations: 8th International Conference, ICMT 2015, Held as Part of STAF 2015, L’Aquila, Italy, July 20-21, 2015. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. pp. 43–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Eye.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Five Global Catastrophes That Could Happen Tomorrow. IFLScience. 2015. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/five-global-catastrophes-could-happen-tomorrow/ [Accessed October 30, 2018].

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office.[Federal Policies and Practices for Acquiring Information Technology Can Be Improved]. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1984.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Lancaster G. Understanding interdisciplinary communication and collaboration among physicians, nurses, and unlicensed assistive personnel. 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Shpigel B. A Familiar Ring. New York Times. 2017: D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleEye
AbbreviationEYE
ISSN (print)0950-222X
ISSN (online)1476-5454
ScopeOphthalmology
General Arts and Humanities

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