How to format your references using the Journal of Thermal Science and Engineering Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Thermal Science and Engineering Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Foster, P. L., 2011, “Comment on ‘A Bacterium That Can Grow by Using Arsenic Instead of Phosphorus,’” Science, 332(6034), pp. 1149; author reply 1149.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pardo-de-Santayana, M., and Macía, M. J., 2015, “Biodiversity: The Benefits of Traditional Knowledge,” Nature, 518(7540), pp. 487–488.
A journal article with 3 authors
Latimer, A. M., Silander, J. A., Jr, and Cowling, R. M., 2005, “Neutral Ecological Theory Reveals Isolation and Rapid Speciation in a Biodiversity Hot Spot,” Science, 309(5741), pp. 1722–1725.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wu, C., Cheng, Y.-Y., Yin, H., Song, X.-N., Li, W.-W., Zhou, X.-X., Zhao, L.-P., Tian, L.-J., Han, J.-C., and Yu, H.-Q., 2013, “Oxygen Promotes Biofilm Formation of Shewanella Putrefaciens CN32 through a Diguanylate Cyclase and an Adhesin,” Sci. Rep., 3, p. 1945.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhang, P. G., and Chan, T., 2011, The Chinese Yuan, John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte. Ltd., 2 Clementi Loop, #02-01, Singapore 129809.
An edited book
Chirikjian, G. S., Choset, H., Morales, M., and Murphey, T., eds., 2010, Algorithmic Foundation of Robotics VIII: Selected Contributions of the Eight International Workshop on the Algorithmic Foundations of Robotics, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
dos Reis, S. P., Marques, D. N., Lima, A. M., and de Souza, C. R. B., 2016, “Plant Molecular Adaptations and Strategies Under Drought Stress,” Drought Stress Tolerance in Plants, Vol 2: Molecular and Genetic Perspectives, M.A. Hossain, S.H. Wani, S. Bhattacharjee, D.J. Burritt, and L.-S.P. Tran, eds., Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 91–122.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Thermal Science and Engineering Applications.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2016, “Acceptance Of Same-Sex Relationships In America Almost Quadruples In Under 25 Years,” IFLScience [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2005, Head Start: Comprehensive Approach to Identifying and Addressing Risks Could Help Prevent Grantee Financial Management Weaknesses, GAO-05-465T, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kim, J. W., 2009, “Perceptually Motivated Automatic Dance Motion Generation for Music,” Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B., 2017, “While Nashville Parties, the Predators Cut Loose,” New York Times, p. SP7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Thermal Science and Engineering Applications
AbbreviationJ. Therm. Sci. Eng. Appl.
ISSN (print)1948-5085
ISSN (online)1948-5093
ScopeFluid Flow and Transfer Processes
General Engineering
General Materials Science
Condensed Matter Physics

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