How to format your references using the Journal of Thermal Science and Engineering Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Thermal Science and Engineering Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Winnacker, E.-L., 2013, “A Chance to Drive Forward Europe’s Science,” Nature, 495(7441), p. 283.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kubatko, L. S., and Pearl, D. K., 2011, “Evolution. Seeing the Trees in Your Terrace,” Science, 333(6041), pp. 411–412.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jasny, B., Mueller, K., and Roberts, L., 2010, “HIV/AIDS. HIV/AIDS: Eastern Europe. Introduction,” Science, 329(5988), p. 159.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gomes, K. K., Pasupathy, A. N., Pushp, A., Ono, S., Ando, Y., and Yazdani, A., 2007, “Visualizing Pair Formation on the Atomic Scale in the High-Tc Superconductor Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+delta,” Nature, 447(7144), pp. 569–572.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sadr, A., 2009, Interest Rate Swaps and Their Derivatives, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Meir, E. G., ed., 2009, CNS Cancer: Models, Markers, Prognostic Factors, Targets, and Therapeutic Approaches, Humana Press, Totowa, NJ.
A chapter in an edited book
Verweij, A., 2010, “Perspective in a Box,” Architecture, Mathematics and Perspective, T. García-Salgado, ed., Birkhäuser, Basel, pp. 47–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Thermal Science and Engineering Applications.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016, “52 Percent Of The British Public Think The Moon Landings Were Faked, Claims Survey,” IFLScience [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1976, Methodology Used in Lease-Versus-Purchase Decision for Tracking and Data Relay Satellite System, LCD-76-127, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Blankenship, K., 2017, “An Analysis of Illinois Public School Funding a Descriptive Comparison of Equity: 2005 v. 2015,” Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M., 1992, “The Candidates as Culture Vultures,” New York Times, p. 21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Thermal Science and Engineering Applications
AbbreviationJ. Therm. Sci. Eng. Appl.
ISSN (print)1948-5085
ISSN (online)1948-5093
ScopeFluid Flow and Transfer Processes
General Engineering
General Materials Science
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles