How to format your references using the Journal of Thermal Science and Engineering Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Thermal Science and Engineering Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Maunz, P., 2011, “Quantum Physics: Gentle Measurement,” Nature, 475(7355), pp. 180–181.
A journal article with 2 authors
Briffa, K. R., and Osborn, T. J., 2002, “Paleoclimate. Blowing Hot and Cold,” Science, 295(5563), pp. 2227–2228.
A journal article with 3 authors
Reiner, J. W., Walker, F. J., and Ahn, C. H., 2009, “Materials Science. Atomically Engineered Oxide Interfaces,” Science, 323(5917), pp. 1018–1019.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hwang, E. S., Szabo, S. J., Schwartzberg, P. L., and Glimcher, L. H., 2005, “T Helper Cell Fate Specified by Kinase-Mediated Interaction of T-Bet with GATA-3,” Science, 307(5708), pp. 430–433.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Higgs, J., and Titchen, A., 2008, Professional Practice in Health, Education and the Creative Arts, Blackwell Science Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Macintosh, A., Ellis, R., and Allen, T., eds., 2006, Applications and Innovations in Intelligent Systems XIII: Proceedings of AI-2005, the Twenty-Fifth SGAI International Conference on Innovative Techniques and Applications of Artificial Intelligence, Cambridge, UK, December 2005, Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Hunt, W. A., and Reeber, E., 2005, “Formalization of the DE2 Language,” Correct Hardware Design and Verification Methods: 13th IFIP WG 10.5 Advanced Research Working Conference, CHARME 2005, Saarbrücken, Germany, October 3-6, 2005. Proceedings, D. Borrione, and W. Paul, eds., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 20–34.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Thermal Science and Engineering Applications.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2016, “Polar Bears Must Swim For Several Days At A Time In The Melting Arctic,” IFLScience [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2005, National Airspace System: Progress and Ongoing Challenges for the Air Traffic Organization, GAO-05-485T, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Curry, M., 2012, “Students’ Perceptions of Entrepreneurship at a Historically Black University in Central Mississippi,” Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K., 2003, “A Mural Calls for Peace: To Somebody, That’s Subversive,” New York Times, p. 146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Thermal Science and Engineering Applications
AbbreviationJ. Therm. Sci. Eng. Appl.
ISSN (print)1948-5085
ISSN (online)1948-5093
ScopeFluid Flow and Transfer Processes
General Engineering
General Materials Science
Condensed Matter Physics

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