How to format your references using the Journal of Thermal Science and Engineering Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Thermal Science and Engineering Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Graf, H.-F., 2004, “Atmospheric Science. The Complex Interaction of Aerosols and Clouds,” Science, 303(5662), pp. 1309–1311.
A journal article with 2 authors
Eberl, G., and Littman, D. R., 2004, “Thymic Origin of Intestinal Alphabeta T Cells Revealed by Fate Mapping of RORgammat+ Cells,” Science, 305(5681), pp. 248–251.
A journal article with 3 authors
Otto, S., Furlan, R. L. E., and Sanders, J. K. M., 2002, “Selection and Amplification of Hosts from Dynamic Combinatorial Libraries of Macrocyclic Disulfides,” Science, 297(5581), pp. 590–593.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Krause, J., Dear, P. H., Pollack, J. L., Slatkin, M., Spriggs, H., Barnes, I., Lister, A. M., Ebersberger, I., Pääbo, S., and Hofreiter, M., 2006, “Multiplex Amplification of the Mammoth Mitochondrial Genome and the Evolution of Elephantidae,” Nature, 439(7077), pp. 724–727.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Krabbes, G., Fuchs, G., Canders, W.-R., May, H., and Palka, R., 2006, High Temperature Superconductor Bulk Materials, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Riviello, M. T., 2016, On the Perception of Dynamic Emotional Expressions: A Cross-Cultural Comparison, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Almendros-Jiménez, J. M., and Becerra-Terón, A., 2016, “XQuery-Based Query Processing in Open Street Map,” Geographical Information Systems Theory, Applications and Management: First International Conference, GISTAM 2015, Barcelona, Spain, April 28-30, 2015, Revised Selected Papers, C. Grueau, and J. Gustavo Rocha, eds., Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 50–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Thermal Science and Engineering Applications.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2016, “Low Fat Chocolate Has Potential To Electrify Production,” IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2001, Business Systems Modernization: Results of Review of IRS’ March 2001 Expenditure Plan, GAO-01-716, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wood, R. D., 2010, “Correlation of Conductor Leadership Style, Musician Employment Status, Organizational Participation to Orchestra Musician Job Satisfaction,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rotella, C., 2017, “LaMotta: More Than ‘Raging,’” New York Times, p. A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Thermal Science and Engineering Applications
AbbreviationJ. Therm. Sci. Eng. Appl.
ISSN (print)1948-5085
ISSN (online)1948-5093
ScopeFluid Flow and Transfer Processes
General Engineering
General Materials Science
Condensed Matter Physics

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