How to format your references using the Journal of Thermal Science and Engineering Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Thermal Science and Engineering Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wark, D., 2014, “Particle Physics: The Hunt for Majorana Neutrinos Hots Up,” Nature, 510(7504), pp. 224–225.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jørgensen, H. F., and Fisher, A. G., 2010, “Can Controversies Be Put to REST?,” Nature, 467(7311), pp. E3-4; discussion E5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Carpi, F., Bauer, S., and De Rossi, D., 2010, “Materials Science. Stretching Dielectric Elastomer Performance,” Science, 330(6012), pp. 1759–1761.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lubowich, D. A., Pasachoff, J. M., Balonek, T. J., Millar, T. J., Tremonti, C., Roberts, H., and Galloway, R. P., 2000, “Deuterium in the Galactic Centre as a Result of Recent Infall of Low-Metallicity Gas,” Nature, 405(6790), pp. 1025–1027.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fingerloos, F., Hegger, J., and Zilch, K., 2016, EUROCODE 2 Für Deutschland, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Clausen, U., Friedrich, H., Thaller, C., and Geiger, C., eds., 2016, Commercial Transport: Proceedings of the 2nd Interdiciplinary Conference on Production Logistics and Traffic 2015, Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Li, X., and Gao, S., 2012, “Effects of Vertical Wind Shear,” Precipitation Modeling and Quantitative Analysis, S. Gao, ed., Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 125–136.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Thermal Science and Engineering Applications.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014, “Stunning Short Film ‘Wanderers’ Brings Carl Sagan’s Words Back To Life,” IFLScience [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1994, Global Positioning Technology: Opportunities for Greater Federal Agency Joint Development and Use, RCED-94-280, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shirley, A., 2012, “Connecting Foster Children with Their Siblings within a Summer Camp Setting: A Grant Proposal,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chapman, M. M., 2017, “For the Aged, Self-Driving Cars Could Bridge a Mobility Gap,” New York Times, p. B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Thermal Science and Engineering Applications
AbbreviationJ. Therm. Sci. Eng. Appl.
ISSN (print)1948-5085
ISSN (online)1948-5093
ScopeFluid Flow and Transfer Processes
General Engineering
General Materials Science
Condensed Matter Physics

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