How to format your references using the Journal of Thermal Science and Engineering Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Thermal Science and Engineering Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Haigwood, N. L., 2015, “HIV: Tied down by Its Own Receptor,” Nature, 519(7541), pp. 36–37.
A journal article with 2 authors
Blanpain, C., and Fuchs, E., 2014, “Stem Cell Plasticity. Plasticity of Epithelial Stem Cells in Tissue Regeneration,” Science, 344(6189), p. 1242281.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wible, B., Mervis, J., and Wigginton, N. S., 2014, “The Global Supply Chain. Rethinking the Global Supply Chain. Introduction,” Science, 344(6188), pp. 1100–1103.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lolle, S. J., Victor, J. L., Young, J. M., and Pruitt, R. E., 2005, “Genome-Wide Non-Mendelian Inheritance of Extra-Genomic Information in Arabidopsis,” Nature, 434(7032), pp. 505–509.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Saunders, A., and Allen, L., 2010, Credit Risk Management in and Out of the Financial Crisis, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Ginsburg, M., ed., 2012, Preparation, Practice, and Politics of Teachers: Problems and Prospects in Comparative Perspective, SensePublishers, Rotterdam.
A chapter in an edited book
Hahn, R. R., 2008, “Preventing Conflicts by Application of Psychology,” Conflict Prevention in Project Management: Strategies, Methods, Checklists, and Case Studies, F. Felding, ed., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 41–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Thermal Science and Engineering Applications.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2016, “How To Beat Exam Stress With Just The Power Of Your Brain,” IFLScience [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2003, Highway Safety: Research Continues on a Variety of Factors That Contribute to Motor Vehicle Crashes, GAO-03-436, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Luna, D., 2014, “Preventing Obesity among Foster Youth through Nutrition and Outdoor Activities: A Grant Proposal,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Furey, J., 2017, “The Saltshaker Trick,” New York Times, p. A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Thermal Science and Engineering Applications
AbbreviationJ. Therm. Sci. Eng. Appl.
ISSN (print)1948-5085
ISSN (online)1948-5093
ScopeFluid Flow and Transfer Processes
General Engineering
General Materials Science
Condensed Matter Physics

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