How to format your references using the Psychiatry Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychiatry Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Service, R.F., 2002. American Chemical Society meeting. Science invades the Magic Kingdom. Science 296, 462–463.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wickens, M., Gonzalez, T.N., 2004. Molecular biology. Knives, accomplices, and RNA. Science 306, 1299–1300.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cho, G., Wu, Y., Ackerman, J.L., 2003. Detection of hydroxyl ions in bone mineral by solid-state NMR spectroscopy. Science 300, 1123–1127.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wen, J.-D., Lancaster, L., Hodges, C., Zeri, A.-C., Yoshimura, S.H., Noller, H.F., Bustamante, C., Tinoco, I., 2008. Following translation by single ribosomes one codon at a time. Nature 452, 598–603.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bailly, P., 2013. Materials and Structures under Shock and Impact. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, USA.
An edited book
Ibarra, O.H., Dang, Z. (Eds.), 2006. Developments in Language Theory: 10th International Conference, DLT 2006, Santa Barbara, CA, USA, June 26-29, 2006. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Ramík, J., 2006. Fuzzy linear optimization, in: Nedoma, J., Ramík, J., Rohn, J., Zimmermann, K. (Eds.), Linear Optimization Problems with Inexact Data. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 117–164.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychiatry Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. The Perseid Meteor Shower Peaks TONIGHT - Don’t Miss It! [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1988. [Comments on Panama Canal Revolving Fund Act] (No. B-204078.2). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Atchison, J., 2009. Caregivers with sibling sets: A curriculum to increase contact and permanency for siblings in out-of-home care (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W., 2011. Bankruptcy Filing Raises Doubts About a Bond Repayment Pledge. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Service, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Service, 2002; Wickens and Gonzalez, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wickens and Gonzalez, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Wen et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychiatry Research
AbbreviationPsychiatry Res.
ISSN (print)0165-1781
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Biological Psychiatry

Other styles