How to format your references using the Psychiatry Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychiatry Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baker, M., 2010. RNA interference: Homing in on delivery. Nature 464, 1225–1228.
A journal article with 2 authors
Joanicot, M., Ajdari, A., 2005. Applied physics. Droplet control for microfluidics. Science 309, 887–888.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hernández, A.R., Klein, A.M., Kirschner, M.W., 2012. Kinetic responses of β-catenin specify the sites of Wnt control. Science 338, 1337–1340.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Li, J., Shi, Q., Bai, Y., Pu, C., Tang, Y., Yuan, H., Wu, Y., Wei, Q., Han, P., 2014. Efficacy and safety of muscarinic antagonists as add-on therapy for male lower urinary tract symptoms. Sci. Rep. 4, 3948.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pasternak, H., Hoch, H.-U., Füg, D., 2010. Stahltragwerke im Industriebau. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Hofmeyr, B. (Ed.), 2009. Radical Passivity: Rethinking Ethical Agency in Levinas, Library of Ethics and Applied Philosophy. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Acheson, K., Vollmers, C., 2015. Teaching Promotion and Integrated Marketing Communications, in: Wilson, E.J., Black, W.C. (Eds.), Proceedings of the 1994 Academy of Marketing Science (AMS) Annual Conference, Developments in Marketing Science: Proceedings of the Academy of Marketing Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 13–13.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychiatry Research.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2014. Your Brain on Coffee [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2008. Freight Transportation: National Policy and Strategies Can Help Improve Freight Mobility (No. GAO-08-287). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Becker, M., 2017. Women’s Descriptions Six Months Post Notification of Positive BRCA 1/2 Genetic Mutations (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S.K., 2002. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Top General In Chechnya Is Fired. New York Times A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baker, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Baker, 2010; Joanicot and Ajdari, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Joanicot and Ajdari, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychiatry Research
AbbreviationPsychiatry Res.
ISSN (print)0165-1781
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Biological Psychiatry

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