How to format your references using the Psychiatry Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychiatry Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lambert, J.B., 2008. Chemistry. A tamed reactive intermediate. Science 322, 1333–1334.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bokov, K., Steinberg, S.V., 2009. A hierarchical model for evolution of 23S ribosomal RNA. Nature 457, 977–980.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kürner, J., Frangakis, A.S., Baumeister, W., 2005. Cryo-electron tomography reveals the cytoskeletal structure of Spiroplasma melliferum. Science 307, 436–438.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Rafael, M.E., Taylor, T., Magill, A., Lim, Y.-W., Girosi, F., Allan, R., 2006. Reducing the burden of childhood malaria in Africa: the role of improved. Nature 444 Suppl 1, 39–48.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Strohfeldt, K.A., 2015. Essentials of Inorganic Chemistry. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Rowan, L., Bigum, C. (Eds.), 2012. Transformative Approaches to New Technologies and Student Diversity in Futures Oriented Classrooms: Future Proofing Education. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Bhamidimarri, R., 2016. Re-inventing Engineering Curriculum, in: Bhamidimarri, R., Liu, A. (Eds.), Engineering and Enterprise: Inspiring Innovation. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 45–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychiatry Research.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2014. Space Travel Makes Cherry Trees Bloom Years Early [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1978. Survey of the Harrison County Head Start Program, Gulfport, Mississippi (No. HRD-78-82). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lemheney, A.J., 2014. Design and development of virtual reality simulation for teaching high-risk low-volume problem-prone office-based medical emergencies (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kanter, J., 2017. E.U. Lawmakers Approve Canada Trade Deal, in Message to Trump. New York Times B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lambert, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Bokov and Steinberg, 2009; Lambert, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bokov and Steinberg, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Rafael et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychiatry Research
AbbreviationPsychiatry Res.
ISSN (print)0165-1781
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Biological Psychiatry

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