How to format your references using the Psychiatry Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychiatry Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kaelin, W.G., Jr, 2012. Molecular biology. Use and abuse of RNAi to study mammalian gene function. Science 337, 421–422.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wu, J.-Q., Pollard, T.D., 2005. Counting cytokinesis proteins globally and locally in fission yeast. Science 310, 310–314.
A journal article with 3 authors
Moreira, D., Le Guyader, H., Philippe, H., 2000. The origin of red algae and the evolution of chloroplasts. Nature 405, 69–72.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Rothschild, B.M., Mitchell, E.D., Moore, M.J., Early, G.A., 2005. What Causes Lesions in Sperm Whale Bones? Science 308, 631c–632c.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stidwill, D., Fletcher, R., 2010. Normal Binocular Vision. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., West Sussex, UK.
An edited book
Miesenberger, K., Klaus, J., Zagler, W., Karshmer, A. (Eds.), 2008. Computers Helping People with Special Needs: 11th International Conference, ICCHP 2008, Linz, Austria, July 9-11, 2008. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Le Naour, C., Hoffman, D.C., Trubert, D., 2014. Fundamental and Experimental Aspects of Single Atom-at-a-Time Chemistry, in: Schädel, M., Shaughnessy, D. (Eds.), The Chemistry of Superheavy Elements. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 241–260.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychiatry Research.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. Researchers Solve the Centuries-Old Mystery of Darwin’s “Strangest Animals” [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2000. Intercity Passenger Rail: Increasing Amtrak’s Accountability for Its Taxpayer Relief Act Funds (No. T-RCED-00-116). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wead, M.O., 2009. Fear and Doubt (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Forman, J., Jr, 2016. ‘We Are Not Beasts.’ New York Times BR20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kaelin, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Kaelin, 2012; Wu and Pollard, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wu and Pollard, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Rothschild et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychiatry Research
AbbreviationPsychiatry Res.
ISSN (print)0165-1781
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Biological Psychiatry

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