How to format your references using the Psychiatry Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychiatry Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clayton, N., 2010. Journal club. A comparative cognitive scientist considers the effects of high-calorie diets on the brain. Nature 465, 989.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vähärautio, A., Taipale, J., 2014. Cancer. Cancer by super-enhancer. Science 346, 1291–1292.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stinchcombe, J., Bossi, G., Griffiths, G.M., 2004. Linking albinism and immunity: the secrets of secretory lysosomes. Science 305, 55–59.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ansari, D., Andersson, B., Ohlsson, M., Höglund, P., Andersson, R., Nilsson, J., 2013. CODUSA--customize optimal donor using simulated annealing in heart transplantation. Sci. Rep. 3, 1922.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Samuel, G.R., 2010. Formulas and Calculations for Drilling Operations. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
El-Meliegy, E., 2012. Glasses and Glass Ceramics for Medical Applications. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Gonzalez, D., Elias, M., Chabrière, E., 2014. The DING Family of Phosphate Binding Proteins in Inflammatory Diseases, in: Camps, J. (Ed.), Oxidative Stress and Inflammation in Non-Communicable Diseases - Molecular Mechanisms and Perspectives in Therapeutics, Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 27–32.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychiatry Research.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2014. Strange Cloud Turns Out to Be Butterflies Migrating [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2003. Telecommunications: Uneven Implementation of Wireless Enhanced 911 Raises Prospect of Piecemeal Availability for Years to Come (No. GAO-04-55). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hsieh, D.A., 2019. Informed Technology Adoption Decisions Based on Innovation-Related Factors (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Whiteside, K., 2016. With City Passing By in a Blur, a Star Adds Yet Another Title. New York Times F2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Clayton, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Clayton, 2010; Vähärautio and Taipale, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vähärautio and Taipale, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Ansari et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychiatry Research
AbbreviationPsychiatry Res.
ISSN (print)0165-1781
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Biological Psychiatry

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