How to format your references using the Journal of Thermal Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Thermal Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nordhaus, W.D., 2001. Climate change. Global warming economics. Science 294, 1283–1284.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kedar, S., Webb, F.H., 2005. Ocean science. The ocean’s seismic hum. Science 307, 682–683.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee, I.-H., Shin, S., Choi, T.-L., 2015. Materials science. Building supermicelles from simple polymers. Science 347, 1310–1311.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Macůrek, L., Lindqvist, A., Lim, D., Lampson, M.A., Klompmaker, R., Freire, R., Clouin, C., Taylor, S.S., Yaffe, M.B., Medema, R.H., 2008. Polo-like kinase-1 is activated by aurora A to promote checkpoint recovery. Nature 455, 119–123.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Krings, A., Braham, R.R., 2008. Guide to Tendrillate Climbers of Costa Rican Mountains. Blackwell Publishing, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Avron, A., Dershowitz, N., Rabinovich, A. (Eds.), 2008. Pillars of Computer Science: Essays Dedicated to Boris (Boaz) Trakhtenbrot on the Occasion of His 85th Birthday, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Marien, H., Steyaert, M., Heremans, P., 2013. A/D Conversion, in: Steyaert, M., Heremans, P. (Eds.), Analog Organic Electronics: Building Blocks for Organic Smart Sensor Systems on Foil. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 93–109.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Thermal Biology.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2017. Multimillion-Dollar Stradivarius Violins Sound No Better Than Modern Instruments [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1986. The Status of Telecommunications Efforts in the General Accounting Office (No. 129873). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mayo, J., 2010. Rates and factors associated with child maltreatment recurrence for children from birth to 5 years of age in Ventura County (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
James, C., 2017. The Talented Mr. Gilmour. New York Times BR14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nordhaus, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Kedar and Webb, 2005; Nordhaus, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kedar and Webb, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Macůrek et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Thermal Biology
AbbreviationJ. Therm. Biol.
ISSN (print)0306-4565
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Developmental Biology

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