How to format your references using the Journal of Thermal Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Thermal Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cole-Hamilton, D.J., 2003. Homogeneous catalysis--new approaches to catalyst separation, recovery, and recycling. Science 299, 1702–1706.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wahl, E.R., Morrill, C., 2010. Climate change. Toward understanding and predicting monsoon patterns. Science 328, 437–438.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vilan, A., Shanzer, A., Cahen, D., 2000. Molecular control over Au/GaAs diodes. Nature 404, 166–168.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sun, L., Bertke, M.M., Champion, M.M., Zhu, G., Huber, P.W., Dovichi, N.J., 2014. Quantitative proteomics of Xenopus laevis embryos: expression kinetics of nearly 4000 proteins during early development. Sci. Rep. 4, 4365.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
El Hami, A., Radi, B., 2013. Uncertainty and Optimization in Structural Mechanics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Stathopoulos, T., Baniotopoulos, C.C. (Eds.), 2007. Wind Effects on Buildings and Design of Wind-Sensitive Structures, CISM International Centre for Mechanical Sciences. Springer, Vienna.
A chapter in an edited book
Kuhlmann, M., Gogolla, M., 2012. Strengthening SAT-Based Validation of UML/OCL Models by Representing Collections as Relations, in: Vallecillo, A., Tolvanen, J.-P., Kindler, E., Störrle, H., Kolovos, D. (Eds.), Modelling Foundations and Applications: 8th European Conference, ECMFA 2012, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark, July 2-5, 2012. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 32–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Thermal Biology.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2014. Offshore Wind Farms Guard Landscape Against Hurricanes [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2003. Aviation Safety: Information on FAA’s Data on Operational Errors At Air Traffic Control Towers (No. GAO-03-1175R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dimick, K.E., 2009. Response to Intervention research to practice: Exploring a school in transition—a case study (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M., 2010. A Bag That Says ‘Beach Day!’ New York Times E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Julian, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Bloxham, 2000; Tolstoy, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wahl and Morrill, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Quinn et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Thermal Biology
AbbreviationJ. Therm. Biol.
ISSN (print)0306-4565
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Developmental Biology

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