How to format your references using the Journal of Thermal Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Thermal Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gershon, D., 2000. Structural genomics--from cottage industry to industrial revolution. Nature 408, 273–274.
A journal article with 2 authors
Apps, R., Carrington, M., 2013. Response to Comment on “Influence of HLA-C expression level on HIV control.” Science 341, 1175.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shim, S.H., Duffy, T.S., Shen, G., 2001. Stability and structure of MgSiO3 perovskite to 2300-kilometer depth in Earth’s mantle. Science 293, 2437–2440.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang, Y., Luan, B.-Q., Yang, Z., Zhang, X., Ritzo, B., Gates, K., Gu, L.-Q., 2014. Single molecule investigation of Ag+ interactions with single cytosine-, methylcytosine- and hydroxymethylcytosine-cytosine mismatches in a nanopore. Sci. Rep. 4, 5883.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Alrifai, T., 2015. Islamic Finance and the New Financial System. John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd, Singapore.
An edited book
Lang, A., Murphy, H. (Eds.), 2014. Business and Sustainability: Between Government Pressure and Self-Regulation, Sustainability and Innovation. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Consoli, S., Gangemi, A., Nuzzolese, A.G., Peroni, S., Reforgiato Recupero, D., Spampinato, D., 2014. Setting the Course of Emergency Vehicle Routing Using Geolinked Open Data for the Municipality of Catania, in: Presutti, V., Blomqvist, E., Troncy, R., Sack, H., Papadakis, I., Tordai, A. (Eds.), The Semantic Web: ESWC 2014 Satellite Events: ESWC 2014 Satellite Events, Anissaras, Crete, Greece, May 25-29, 2014, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 42–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Thermal Biology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Scientists Describe Potential New DNA Base [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1976. Compensation for Service as Teacher With the Overseas Dependents Schools (No. B-186970). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Phillips, T.L., 2012. “Outsider Within” Narratives of Diversity Leadership: An Exploratory Case Study of Executive Women of Color (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M., 2014. Another Dutch Sweep Leaves Americans Baffled. New York Times D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gershon, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Apps and Carrington, 2013; Gershon, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Apps and Carrington, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Thermal Biology
AbbreviationJ. Therm. Biol.
ISSN (print)0306-4565
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Biochemistry
Developmental Biology
Physiology

Other styles