How to format your references using the Journal of Thermal Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Thermal Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nowack, B., 2010. Chemistry. Nanosilver revisited downstream. Science 330, 1054–1055.
A journal article with 2 authors
González-Reyes, A., Casanova, J., 2008. Developmental biology. Return to the proliferative pool. Science 321, 1450–1451.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stajic, J., Coontz, R., Osborne, I., 2011. Superconductivity. Happy 100th, superconductivity! Introduction. Science 332, 189.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Xiao, N., Chen, Y., Chen, A., Feng, L., 2014. Enhanced bio-hydrogen production from protein wastewater by altering protein structure and amino acids acidification type. Sci. Rep. 4, 3992.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hoffmann, K., 2005. System Integration. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Liao, S., 2015. Migrating to Swift from Web Development. Apress, Berkeley, CA.
A chapter in an edited book
Kernert, D., Köhler, F., Lehner, W., 2015. Bringing Linear Algebra Objects to Life in a Column-Oriented In-Memory Database, in: Jagatheesan, A., Levandoski, J., Neumann, T., Pavlo, A. (Eds.), In Memory Data Management and Analysis: First and Second International Workshops, IMDM 2013, Riva Del Garda, Italy, August 26, 2013, IMDM 2014, Hongzhou, China, September 1, 2014, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 44–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Thermal Biology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Edward Snowden Says Encryption May Stop Us From Finding Aliens [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1982. Methodology Transfer Paper 3 (No. 118985). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ackerina, J., 2012. The call of public service: Motivation and professional commitment in education (Doctoral dissertation). Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B., 2017. The Killers’ 5th Album Tops Billboard Chart. New York Times C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nowack, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (González-Reyes and Casanova, 2008; Nowack, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (González-Reyes and Casanova, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Xiao et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Thermal Biology
AbbreviationJ. Therm. Biol.
ISSN (print)0306-4565
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Developmental Biology

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