How to format your references using the Biodiversity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biodiversity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Milonni, P. W. 2000. “Quantum Decay. A Watched Pot Boils Quicker.” Nature 405 (6786): 525, 527.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brédas, Jean-Luc, and Robert Silbey. 2009. “Chemistry. Excitons Surf along Conjugated Polymer Chains.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 323 (5912): 348–349.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dunningham, Jacob, Alexander Rau, and Keith Burnett. 2005. “From Pedigree Cats to Fluffy-Bunnies.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 307 (5711): 872–875.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Rose, Aimée, Zhengguo Zhu, Conor F. Madigan, Timothy M. Swager, and Vladimir Bulović. 2005. “Sensitivity Gains in Chemosensing by Lasing Action in Organic Polymers.” Nature 434 (7035): 876–879.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fullman, Scott H. 2010. Increasing Alpha with Options. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Chernousko, Felix L. 2008. Control of Nonlinear Dynamical Systems: Methods and Applications. Edited by Igor M. Ananievski and Sergey A. Reshmin. Communications and Control Engineering. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kibbe, Melina R. 2015. “Leadership Theories and Styles.” In Leadership in Surgery, edited by Melina R. Kibbe and Herbert Chen, 49–57. Success in Academic Surgery. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biodiversity.

Blog post
Andrews, Robin. 2015. “Volcanic Eruptions Significantly Alter The Flow Of Rivers.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2005. Telecommunications: Strong Support for Extending FCC’s Auction Authority Exists, but Little Agreement on Other Options to Improve Efficient Use of Spectrum. GAO-06-236. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zhong, Amy. 2017. “Product Development Considerations for a Nutrient Rich Bar Using Cricket (Acheta Domesticus) Protein.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hartocollis, Anemona. 2017. “Celebrations Of Diversity Ln Distinct Ceremonies.” New York Times, June 2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Milonni 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Milonni 2000; Brédas and Silbey 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brédas and Silbey 2009)
  • Three authors: (Dunningham, Rau, and Burnett 2005)
  • 4 or more authors: (Rose et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiodiversity
AbbreviationBiodiversity (Nepean)
ISSN (print)1488-8386
ISSN (online)2160-0651
Global and Planetary Change
Nature and Landscape Conservation

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