How to format your references using the Frontiers in Genetic Architecture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Genetic Architecture. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Loubere, P. (2000). Marine control of biological production in the eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean. Nature 406, 497–500.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brewer, P. G., and Peltzer, E. T. (2009). OCEANS. Limits to marine life. Science 324, 347–348.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gupta, R., He, Z., and Luan, S. (2002). Functional relationship of cytochrome c(6) and plastocyanin in Arabidopsis. Nature 417, 567–571.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wang, L., Gural, A., Sun, X.-J., Zhao, X., Perna, F., Huang, G., et al. (2011). The leukemogenicity of AML1-ETO is dependent on site-specific lysine acetylation. Science 333, 765–769.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Moe, T. M., and Chubb, J. E. (2009). Liberating Learning. San Francisco, CA, USA: Jossey-Bass.
An edited book
Skorupa, W., and Schmidt, H. eds. (2014). Subsecond Annealing of Advanced Materials: Annealing by Lasers, Flash Lamps and Swift Heavy Ions. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Gitlin, L. N. (2009). “Environmental Adaptations for Older Adults and Their Families in the Home and Community,” in International Handbook of Occupational Therapy Interventions, ed. I. Söderback (New York, NY: Springer), 53–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Genetic Architecture.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). Water Vapour Discovered In The Atmosphere Of Neptune-Sized Exoplanet. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998). VA Information Technology: Improvements Needed to Implement Legislative Reforms. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dean, D. O. (2012). A discrete-time multiple event process survival mixture (MEPSUM) model for investigating the order and timing of multiple non-repeatable events.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Neuman, W. (2014). At Least 3 Die in Collapse of Gold Mine. New York Times, A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Loubere, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Loubere, 2000; Brewer and Peltzer, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brewer and Peltzer, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Genetic Architecture
AbbreviationFront. Genet.
ISSN (online)1664-8021
Molecular Medicine

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