How to format your references using the Frontiers in Genetic Architecture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Genetic Architecture. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Freeman, K. C. (2006). Astronomy. Sorting out the colors of globular clusters. Science 311, 1105–1106.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lord, K. M., and Turekian, V. C. (2007). Science and society. Time for a new era of science diplomacy. Science 315, 769–770.
A journal article with 3 authors
Song, J., Gao, X., and Galán, J. E. (2013). Structure and function of the Salmonella Typhi chimaeric A(2)B(5) typhoid toxin. Nature 499, 350–354.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Parman, S. W., Kurz, M. D., Hart, S. R., and Grove, T. L. (2005). Helium solubility in olivine and implications for high 3He/4He in ocean island basalts. Nature 437, 1140–1143.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Myers, F. R. (2009). Get the Job You Want, Even When No One’s Hiring. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Perrone, G., Bruccoleri, M., and Renna, P. eds. (2005). Designing and Evaluating Value Added Services in Manufacturing E-Market Places. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Sandell, L. L., and Trainor, P. A. (2006). “Neural Crest Cell Plasticity,” in Neural Crest Induction and Differentiation Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology., ed. J.-P. Saint-Jeannet (Boston, MA: Springer US), 78–95.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Genetic Architecture.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016). Five Ways To Reboot Your Brain This Summer. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2002). Highway Projects: Extent of Unobligated Balances for Demonstration Projects as of March 31, 2002. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wei, C.-S. (2017). Towards Brain Decoding for Real-World Drowsiness Detection.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ortved, J. (2017). Shifting Focus To Men’s Shoes. New York Times, D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Freeman, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Freeman, 2006; Lord and Turekian, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lord and Turekian, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Parman et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Genetic Architecture
AbbreviationFront. Genet.
ISSN (online)1664-8021
Molecular Medicine

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