How to format your references using the Frontiers in Genetic Architecture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Genetic Architecture. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ritvo, H. (2003). Essays on science and society. Fighting for Thirlmere--the roots of environmentalism. Science 300, 1510–1511.
A journal article with 2 authors
Folkman, J., and Camphausen, K. (2001). Cancer. What does radiotherapy do to endothelial cells? Science 293, 227–228.
A journal article with 3 authors
Brown, T., Sibbett, W., and Wright, E. M. (2001). Laser physics. Getting to grips with light. Science 293, 1265–1267.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
DeNicola, G. M., Karreth, F. A., Humpton, T. J., Gopinathan, A., Wei, C., Frese, K., et al. (2011). Oncogene-induced Nrf2 transcription promotes ROS detoxification and tumorigenesis. Nature 475, 106–109.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hein, H., and Kunze, W. (2005). Umweltanalytik mit Spektrometrie und Chromatographie. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Banerjee, M., and Krishna, S. N. eds. (2015). Logic and Its Applications: 6th Indian Conference, ICLA 2015, Mumbai, India, January 8-10, 2015. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Abbas, S., and Benchohra, M. (2015). “Perturbed Partial Functional Evolution Equations,” in Advanced Functional Evolution Equations and Inclusions Developments in Mathematics., ed. M. Benchohra (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 93–112.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Genetic Architecture.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014). Solar Cell Material Moonlights as Laser. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997). Child Support Enforcement: Strong Leadership Required to Maximize Benefits of Automated Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Morrow, S. T. (2012). Coboundary theorems for collections of random variables with moment conditions.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B. (2017). Top-Ranked Players Murray and Kerber Are Eliminated in Fourth Round. New York Times, D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ritvo, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Folkman and Camphausen, 2001; Ritvo, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Folkman and Camphausen, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (DeNicola et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Genetic Architecture
AbbreviationFront. Genet.
ISSN (online)1664-8021
Molecular Medicine

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