How to format your references using the Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain, C. 2006. “Handle with care.” Nature, 440 (7087): 990–991.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kronenberg, M., and W. L. Havran. 2014. “Immunology: oiling the wheels of autoimmunity.” Nature, 506 (7486): 42–43.
A journal article with 3 authors
Simon, P., Y. Gogotsi, and B. Dunn. 2014. “Materials science. Where do batteries end and supercapacitors begin?” Science, 343 (6176): 1210–1211.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tateishi, K., Y. Okada, E. M. Kallin, and Y. Zhang. 2009. “Role of Jhdm2a in regulating metabolic gene expression and obesity resistance.” Nature, 458 (7239): 757–761.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Reay, D. 2012. Digital Signal Processing and Applications with the OMAP-L138 eXperimenter. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Conati, C., N. Heffernan, A. Mitrovic, and M. F. Verdejo (Eds.). 2015. Artificial Intelligence in Education: 17th International Conference, AIED 2015, Madrid, Spain, June 22-26, 2015. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Chen, P.-C., and Y.-C. Kim. 2016. “The Determinants of Strategy Formulation and Change in Foreign Subsidiaries and Their Functional Units.” US Firms’ Business Competence in the Taiwanese IT Industry, Understanding China, Y.-C. Kim, ed., 135–181. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management.

Blog post
Davis, J. 2016. “Nope, Your Intelligence Probably Isn’t Solely Inherited From Your Mother.” IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1980. Federal Agency Roles and Responsibilities for Emergency Communications Need Clarification. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pavuluri, V. K. 2014. “Field Oriented Control of Induction Motors Based on DSP Controller.” Doctoral dissertation. Edwardsville, IL: Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Carlson, L. 2012. “First the Proposal, Then Remodeling.” New York Times, October 12, 2012.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macilwain 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Kronenberg and Havran 2014; Macilwain 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kronenberg and Havran 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Tateishi et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Water Resources Planning and Management
ISSN (print)0733-9496
ISSN (online)1943-5452
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Water Science and Technology
Geography, Planning and Development

Other styles