How to format your references using the Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Aubert, J. (2015). “PLANETARY SCIENCE. Ancient planetary dynamos, take two.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 349(6247), 475–476.
A journal article with 2 authors
Radtke, F., and Clevers, H. (2005). “Self-renewal and cancer of the gut: two sides of a coin.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5717), 1904–1909.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fortin, P. D., Walsh, C. T., and Magarvey, N. A. (2007). “A transglutaminase homologue as a condensation catalyst in antibiotic assembly lines.” Nature, 448(7155), 824–827.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Dean, S., Marchetti, R., Kirk, K., and Matthews, K. R. (2009). “A surface transporter family conveys the trypanosome differentiation signal.” Nature, 459(7244), 213–217.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Otto, M. (2016). Chemometrics. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Kruys, J. (2011). Sharing RF Spectrum with Commodity Wireless Technologies: Theory and Practice. Signals and Communication Technology, (L. Qian, ed.), Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Cristofolini, L. (2015). “Overview of Digital Image Correlation.” Experimental Stress Analysis for Materials and Structures: Stress Analysis Models for Developing Design Methodologies, Springer Series in Solid and Structural Mechanics, G. Olmi and L. Cristofolini, eds., Springer International Publishing, Cham, 187–213.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017). “Wild Orangutan Slaps Guy Trying To Take A Selfie With Him.” IFLScience, IFLScience, <> (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1982). Regulatory Effects on R&D Are Better Assessed As Part of the Innovation Process. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
LaVertu, D. J. (2017). “An Exploratory Approach to In-Trinity® for Fall Prevention.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. (1993). “Man in the News; A Master of the Image: David Richmond Gergen.” New York Times, 122.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Aubert 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Aubert 2015; Radtke and Clevers 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Radtke and Clevers 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Dean et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Water Resources Planning and Management
ISSN (print)0733-9496
ISSN (online)1943-5452
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Water Science and Technology
Geography, Planning and Development

Other styles