How to format your references using the Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Szoka, F. (2008). “Molecular biology. The art of assembly.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5863), 578–579.
A journal article with 2 authors
Grey, K., and Calver, C. R. (2007). “Ediacaran oxidation and biotic evolution.” Nature, 450(7170), E17; discussion E18.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lykotrafitis, G., Rosakis, A. J., and Ravichandran, G. (2006). “Self-healing pulse-like shear ruptures in the laboratory.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5794), 1765–1768.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Park, I.-H., Zhao, R., West, J. A., Yabuuchi, A., Huo, H., Ince, T. A., Lerou, P. H., Lensch, M. W., and Daley, G. Q. (2008). “Reprogramming of human somatic cells to pluripotency with defined factors.” Nature, 451(7175), 141–146.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pavé, A. (2012). Modeling Living Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Winckler, M., Johnson, H., and Palanque, P. (Eds.). (2007). Task Models and Diagrams for User Interface Design: 6th International Workshop, TAMODIA 2007, Toulouse, France, November 7-9, 2007. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Dempe, S., Kalashnikov, V., Pérez-Valdés, G. A., and Kalashnykova, N. (2015). “Mixed-Integer Bilevel Programming Problems.” Bilevel Programming Problems: Theory, Algorithms and Applications to Energy Networks, Energy Systems, V. Kalashnikov, G. A. Pérez-Valdés, and N. Kalashnykova, eds., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 133–193.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015). “Quantum Equations Suggest Big Bang Never Happened.” IFLScience, IFLScience, <> (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1990). Tax System Modernization: IRS’ Efforts to Improve Taxpayer Correspondence. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gamez, T. E. (2012). “Preventing child maltreatment among children with non-resident fathers: A grant proposal.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Protess, B. (2017). “Corzine and Regulators Settle in MF Global Case.” New York Times, B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Szoka 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Grey and Calver 2007; Szoka 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Grey and Calver 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Park et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Water Resources Planning and Management
ISSN (print)0733-9496
ISSN (online)1943-5452
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Water Science and Technology
Geography, Planning and Development

Other styles