How to format your references using the Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cyranoski, D. (2002). “Fresh horizons South Korea.” Nature, 420(6916), 4–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Maslin, M. A., and Burns, S. J. (2000). “Reconstruction of the Amazon Basin effective moisture availability over the past 14,000 years.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 290(5500), 2285–2287.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schoener, T. W., Spiller, D. A., and Losos, J. B. (2001). “Predators increase the risk of catastrophic extinction of prey populations.” Nature, 412(6843), 183–186.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Corradini, D., Strekalova, E. G., Stanley, H. E., and Gallo, P. (2013). “Microscopic mechanism of protein cryopreservation in an aqueous solution with trehalose.” Scientific reports, 3, 1218.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Haas, T. C. (2013). Introduction to Probability and Statistics for Ecosystem Managers. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Faccio, D., Belgiorno, F., Cacciatori, S., Gorini, V., Liberati, S., and Moschella, U. (Eds.). (2013). Analogue Gravity Phenomenology: Analogue Spacetimes and Horizons, from Theory to Experiment. Lecture Notes in Physics, Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Geršl, A., and Jakubík, P. (2016). “Relationship Lending in Emerging Markets: Evidence from the Czech Republic.” Global Banking Crises and Emerging Markets, J. C. Brada and P. Wachtel, eds., Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, 75–97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2017). “Here’s Why It Feels Like You Have No Free Time, In One Chart.” IFLScience, IFLScience (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1977). Cooperative Actions Result in More Economical Computer Acquisition and Improved Security at the New Orleans Computer Center. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Reig, M. A. (2008). “Cross-Dialectal Variability in Propositional Anaphora: A Quantitative and Pragmatic Study of Null Objects in Mexican and Peninsular Spanish.” Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. (2013). “‘Spring’ Festival as Rite of Refreshment.” New York Times, AR10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cyranoski 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Cyranoski 2002; Maslin and Burns 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Maslin and Burns 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Corradini et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Water Resources Planning and Management
ISSN (print)0733-9496
ISSN (online)1943-5452
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Water Science and Technology
Geography, Planning and Development

Other styles