How to format your references using the Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Heckenberger, M. (2009). Journal club. An archaeologist looks at South America’s early complex societies. Nature, 458(7239), 683.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhang, X., & Zhao, M. (2014). Strain-induced phase transition and electron spin-polarization in graphene spirals. Scientific Reports, 4, 5699.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fendorf, S., Michael, H. A., & van Geen, A. (2010). Spatial and temporal variations of groundwater arsenic in South and Southeast Asia. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5982), 1123–1127.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Que, X., Hung, M.-Y., Yeang, C., Gonen, A., Prohaska, T. A., Sun, X., Diehl, C., Määttä, A., Gaddis, D. E., Bowden, K., Pattison, J., MacDonald, J. G., Ylä-Herttuala, S., Mellon, P. L., Hedrick, C. C., Ley, K., Miller, Y. I., Glass, C. K., Peterson, K. L., … Witztum, J. L. (2018). Publisher Correction: Oxidized phospholipids are proinflammatory and proatherogenic in hypercholesterolaemic mice. Nature, 561(7724), E43.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Padova, T. (2011). Adobe® Acrobat® X PDF Bible. Wiley Publishing, Inc.
An edited book
Bruza, P., Sofge, D., Lawless, W., Rijsbergen, K. van, & Klusch, M. (Eds.). (2009). Quantum Interaction: Third International Symposium, QI 2009, Saarbrücken, Germany, March 25-27, 2009. Proceedings (Vol. 5494). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Soltakhanov, S. K., Yushkov, M. P., & Zegzhda, S. A. (2009). Application Of A Tangent Space To The Study Of Constrained Motion. In M. P. Yushkov & S. A. Zegzhda (Eds.), Mechanics of non-holonomic systems: A New Class of control systems (pp. 105–124). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, May 13). How Many Arms Does Our Galaxy Have? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2002). Information Technology: Justice Plans to Improve Oversight of Agency Projects (GAO-03-135). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Santella Steen, S. (2017). The Potential of Television Programming as a Resource to Facilitate Academic Progress for Students who have a Specific Learning Disability in Reading [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2015, December 10). Senate Republicans Introduce Bill for Relief of Puerto Rico’s Financial Problems. New York Times, B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Heckenberger, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Heckenberger, 2009; Zhang & Zhao, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zhang & Zhao, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Fendorf et al., 2010)
  • 6 or more authors: (Que et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology
AbbreviationJ. Theor. Philos. Psychol.
ISSN (print)1068-8471
ISSN (online)2151-3341
General Psychology

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