How to format your references using the Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gewin, V. (2004). Mapping opportunities. Nature, 427(6972), 376–377.
A journal article with 2 authors
Davis, P. M., & Jackson, D. D. (2011). Retrospective. Leon Knopoff (1925-2011). Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6023), 1400.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zaks, B., Liu, R. B., & Sherwin, M. S. (2012). Experimental observation of electron-hole recollisions. Nature, 483(7391), 580–583.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Amrani, N., Ghosh, S., Mangus, D. A., & Jacobson, A. (2008). Translation factors promote the formation of two states of the closed-loop mRNP. Nature, 453(7199), 1276–1280.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Marx, F. G., Lambert, O., & Uhen, M. D. (2016). Cetacean Paleobiology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Przytycka, T. M. (Ed.). (2015). Research in Computational Molecular Biology: 19th Annual International Conference, RECOMB 2015, Warsaw, Poland, April 12-15, 2015, Proceedings (Vol. 9029). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Hübschmann, M. V., & Skladchikova, G. (2010). The Role of ATP in the Regulation of NCAM Function. In V. Berezin (Ed.), Structure and Function of the Neural Cell Adhesion Molecule NCAM (pp. 81–91). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2017, February 14). How Authentic Are Photographic Memories? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2013). Information Technology: DHS Needs to Enhance Management of Major Investments (GAO-13-478T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Evans, K. M. (2017). Evolution of Craniofacial Diversity in Neotropical Electric Fishes (Gymnotiformes: Teleostei) [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2009, December 15). Hostesses as Recruiters? How Far Is Too Far? New York Times, B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gewin, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Davis & Jackson, 2011; Gewin, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Davis & Jackson, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Zaks et al., 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Amrani et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology
AbbreviationJ. Theor. Philos. Psychol.
ISSN (print)1068-8471
ISSN (online)2151-3341
General Psychology

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