How to format your references using the Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Strober, W. (2006). Immunology. Unraveling gut inflammation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5790), 1052–1054.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schneider, R. A., & Helms, J. A. (2003). The cellular and molecular origins of beak morphology. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5606), 565–568.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hata, S., Nakao, H., & Mikhailov, A. S. (2014). Dispersal-induced destabilization of metapopulations and oscillatory Turing patterns in ecological networks. Scientific Reports, 4, 3585.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Choy, S. H., Al-Mekhlafi, H. M., Mahdy, M. A. K., Nasr, N. N., Sulaiman, M., Lim, Y. A. L., & Surin, J. (2014). Prevalence and associated risk factors of Giardia infection among indigenous communities in rural Malaysia. Scientific Reports, 4, 6909.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Davies, D. (2011). Philosophy of the Performing Arts. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Cavallaro, F. (Ed.). (2013). Assessment and Simulation Tools for Sustainable Energy Systems: Theory and Applications (Vol. 129). London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Yang, C., Yang, Y., & Liu, J. (2012). Model Fusion-Based Batch Learning with Application to Oil Spills Detection. In H. Jiang, W. Ding, M. Ali, & X. Wu (Eds.), Advanced Research in Applied Artificial Intelligence: 25th International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Other Applications of Applied Intelligent Systems, IEA/AIE 2012, Dalian, China, June 9-12, 2012. Proceedings (pp. 40–47). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2016, June 20). How We Caught A Glimpse Of A Supermassive Black Hole Having A Meal. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007). Health Information Technology: Early Efforts Initiated but Comprehensive Privacy Approach Needed for National Strategy (No. GAO-07-400T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dickens, K. R. (2010). Factors influencing teacher job satisfaction and their alignment with current district practices in a suburban school district (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S. K. (2002, April 26). World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Top Chechen Reported Killed. New York Times, p. A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Strober, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Schneider & Helms, 2003; Strober, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schneider & Helms, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Hata, Nakao, & Mikhailov, 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Choy et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology
AbbreviationJ. Theor. Philos. Psychol.
ISSN (print)1068-8471
ISSN (online)2151-3341
General Psychology

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