How to format your references using the Acta Radiologica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Radiologica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grogan D. The microbes within. Nature 2015;518:S2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Atencia J, Beebe DJ. Controlled microfluidic interfaces. Nature 2005;437:648–655.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lavine M, Frisk M, Pennisi E. Biomaterials. Introduction. Science 2012;338:899.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mansy SS, Schrum JP, Krishnamurthy M, et al. Template-directed synthesis of a genetic polymer in a model protocell. Nature 2008;454:122–125.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hayward A, Weare F. Steel Detailers’ Manual. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell, 2010.
An edited book
Cagle PT, Allen TC, Beasley MB, et al. (eds). Molecular Pathology of Lung Cancer. New York, NY: Springer, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Moskowitz HS, Grandis JR. Oncogenomics/Proteomics of Head and Neck Cancers. In: Bernier J (ed) Head and Neck Cancer: Multimodality Management. New York, NY: Springer, 2011:81–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Radiologica.

Blog post
Andrew E. Possible Preserved Brain Matter Discovered Within 8,000 Year Old Skull. IFLScience Available from: 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Managers Need To Provide Better Protection for Federal Automatic Data Processing Facilities. FGMSD-76-40, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, May 10, 1976.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dimapilis B. Service line extension: Acquisition of fluoroscopy equipment to supplement pain management procedures. Doctoral Dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara S. Encountering Art at Every Bend. New York Times, November 29, 2015, CT9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Radiologica
AbbreviationActa Radiol.
ISSN (print)0284-1851
ISSN (online)1600-0455
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

Other styles