How to format your references using the World Journal of Urology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for World Journal of Urology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schaefer HF (2015) Paul von Ragué Schleyer (1930-2014). Nature 517:22
A journal article with 2 authors
Yang X, Lu X (2014) Drastic change in China’s lakes and reservoirs over the past decades. Sci Rep 4:6041
A journal article with 3 authors
Yan W, Smith C, Cheng L (2013) Expanded activity of dimer nucleases by combining ZFN and TALEN for genome editing. Sci Rep 3:2376
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Chakrabarti R, Celià-Terrassa T, Kumar S, et al (2018) Notch ligand Dll1 mediates cross-talk between mammary stem cells and the macrophageal niche. Science 360:

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ghaye T (2008) Building the Reflective Healthcare Organisation. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Henein MY (2009) Valvular Heart Disease in Clinical Practice. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
McDonald B, McGehee S, Landrum R (2012) Laying Out a Report. In: McGehee S, Landrum R (eds) Pro SQL Server 2012 Reporting Services. Apress, Berkeley, CA, pp 61–88

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for World Journal of Urology.

Blog post
Hale T (2017) Lab Experiment Accidentally Gave Students Caffeine Dose Equal To 300 Coffees. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990) Operations of and Outlook for the Highway Trust Fund. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodriguez Gamez LI (2012) New perspectives on the spatial analysis of urban employment distribution and commuting patterns: The cases of Hermosillo and Ciudad Obregon, Mexico. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kanter J (2017) E.U. Endorses Guidelines to Negotiate ‘Brexit.’ New York Times A4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleWorld Journal of Urology
AbbreviationWorld J. Urol.
ISSN (print)0724-4983
ISSN (online)1433-8726

Other styles