How to format your references using the World Journal of Urology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for World Journal of Urology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bloch I (2008) Quantum coherence and entanglement with ultracold atoms in optical lattices. Nature 453:1016–1022
A journal article with 2 authors
Trottier Y, Mandel JL (2001) Biomedicine. Huntingtin--profit and loss. Science 293:445–446
A journal article with 3 authors
Julsgaard B, Kozhekin A, Polzik ES (2001) Experimental long-lived entanglement of two macroscopic objects. Nature 413:400–403
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Gudiksen MS, Lauhon LJ, Wang J, et al (2002) Growth of nanowire superlattice structures for nanoscale photonics and electronics. Nature 415:617–620

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Scharf T (2006) Polarized Light in Liquid Crystals and Polymers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Veevers N (2011) Kurt Hahn: Inspirational, Visionary, Outdoor and Experiential Educator. SensePublishers, Rotterdam
A chapter in an edited book
İskender BB, Özdemir N, Karaoglan AD (2014) Parameter Optimization of Fractional Order PI λ D μ Controller Using Response Surface Methodology. In: Machado JAT, Baleanu D, Luo ACJ (eds) Discontinuity and Complexity in Nonlinear Physical Systems. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 91–105

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for World Journal of Urology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Are Doctors Following Best Practice When Prescribing Antipsychotic Meds To Kids? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1975) Management of the Community Action Against Addiction Program in Cleveland, Ohio. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Quinn L (2013) The poetics of soul: Mythic narrative as creative elegy. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K (2009) If It’s on a Bun, It’s a Burger. New York Times NJ13

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleWorld Journal of Urology
AbbreviationWorld J. Urol.
ISSN (print)0724-4983
ISSN (online)1433-8726

Other styles