How to format your references using the World Journal of Urology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for World Journal of Urology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Sessler AM (2000) Setbacks don’t dampen the energy of US physics. Nature 405:733
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Pak J, Fire A (2007) Distinct populations of primary and secondary effectors during RNAi in C. elegans. Science 315:241–244
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Butler MA, Sawyer SA, Losos JB (2007) Sexual dimorphism and adaptive radiation in Anolis lizards. Nature 447:202–205
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Basu S, Gerchman Y, Collins CH, et al (2005) A synthetic multicellular system for programmed pattern formation. Nature 434:1130–1134

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Kramer A, Legeard B (2016) Model-Based Testing Essentials. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Venkatesh A (2007) Home Informatics and Telematics: ICT for The Next Billion: Proceedings of IFIP TC 9, WG 9.3 HOIT 2007 Conference, August 22–25, 2007, Chennai, India. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Blicher JU, Near J, Næss-Schmidt E, et al (2014) Neuroplasticity in Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy. In: Jensen W, Andersen OK, Akay M (eds) Replace, Repair, Restore, Relieve – Bridging Clinical and Engineering Solutions in Neurorehabilitation: Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on NeuroRehabilitation (ICNR2014), Aalborg, 24-26 June, 2014. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 23–24

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for World Journal of Urology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2015) Following Nemo: Marine Life Is Heading South. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2012) Federal Fleets: Overall Increase in Number of Vehicles Masks That Some Agencies Decreased Their Fleets. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Harper T (2010) Going public, staying private, and everything in between. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
St. John Kelly E (1993) PLAYING IN THE NEIGHBORHOOD. New York Times 1317

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleWorld Journal of Urology
AbbreviationWorld J. Urol.
ISSN (print)0724-4983
ISSN (online)1433-8726
ScopeUrology

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