How to format your references using the World Journal of Urology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for World Journal of Urology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Patten, Lord (2006) Europe pays the price for spending less. Nature 441:691–693
A journal article with 2 authors
Milinski M, Rockenbach B (2007) Economics. Spying on others evolves. Science 317:464–465
A journal article with 3 authors
Dobson DP, Meredith PG, Boon SA (2002) Simulation of subduction zone seismicity by dehydration of serpentine. Science 298:1407–1410
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Montarras D, Morgan J, Collins C, et al (2005) Direct isolation of satellite cells for skeletal muscle regeneration. Science 309:2064–2067

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sheriff RE, Hu YF (2001) Mobile Satellite Communication Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Atangana A (2014) Tropical Agroforestry. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Stoian R (2012) Optimizing Laser-Induced Refractive Index Changes in Optical Glasses via Spatial and Temporal Adaptive Beam Engineering. In: Osellame R, Cerullo G, Ramponi R (eds) Femtosecond Laser Micromachining: Photonic and Microfluidic Devices in Transparent Materials. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 67–91

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for World Journal of Urology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Last Of Her Kind, This 100-Year-Old Turtle May Soon Be A Mom. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2016) NASA: Assessments of Major Projects. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alsubaihi SI (2016) Challenges for women academic leaders to obtain senior leadership positions in higher education in Saudi Arabia. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) SK (2002) World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Another Sign Explodes. New York Times A6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleWorld Journal of Urology
AbbreviationWorld J. Urol.
ISSN (print)0724-4983
ISSN (online)1433-8726

Other styles