How to format your references using the Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wilson, T. D. (2006). Behavior. The power of social psychological interventions. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5791), 1251–1252.
A journal article with 2 authors
Niessing, J., & Friedrich, R. W. (2010). Olfactory pattern classification by discrete neuronal network states. Nature, 465(7294), 47–52.
A journal article with 3 authors
Noborisaka, J., Nishiguchi, K., & Fujiwara, A. (2014). Electric tuning of direct-indirect optical transitions in silicon. Scientific Reports, 4, 6950.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yoshida, Y., Kuroiwa, H., Misumi, O., Yoshida, M., Ohnuma, M., Fujiwara, T., Yagisawa, F., Hirooka, S., Imoto, Y., Matsushita, K., Kawano, S., & Kuroiwa, T. (2010). Chloroplasts divide by contraction of a bundle of nanofilaments consisting of polyglucan. Science (New York, N.Y.), 329(5994), 949–953.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schwarz, D. R. (2014). Reading the European Novel to 1900. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Jiang, X., Bellon, O. R. P., Goldgof, D., & Oishi, T. (Eds.). (2013). Advances in Depth Image Analysis and Applications: International Workshop, WDIA 2012, Tsukuba, Japan, November 11, 2012, Revised Selected and Invited Papers (Vol. 7854). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Lam, H.-K., & Leung, F. H.-F. (2010). Chapter 5 Stability Analysis of FMB Control Systems Using PDLF. In F. H.-F. Leung (Ed.), Stability Analysis of Fuzzy-Model-Based Control Systems: Linear-Matrix-Inequality Approach (pp. 85–100). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, September 22). Spy-Cam Rhinos To Take On Poachers With Devices Hidden In Their Horns. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). Airline Competition: The Average Number of Competitors in Markets Serving the Majority of Passengers Has Changed Little in Recent Years, but Stakeholders Voice Concerns about Competition (GAO-14-515). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McCoy, N. (2015). Functionality Evaluation of the Wave Suppressor and Sediment Collection (WSSC) System: Wave Reduction, Sediment Collection, Mathematical Model, and Preliminary Field Evaluation [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dash, E. (2011, August 9). Standard & Poor’s Lowers More Ratings. New York Times, B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wilson, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Niessing & Friedrich, 2010; Wilson, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Niessing & Friedrich, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Noborisaka et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Yoshida et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics
AbbreviationJ. Educ. Behav. Stat.
ISSN (print)1076-9986
ISSN (online)1935-1054
ScopeSocial Sciences (miscellaneous)

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