How to format your references using the Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fray, D. (2013). Metallurgy: iron production electrified. Nature, 497(7449), 324–325.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shine, K. P., & Sturges, W. T. (2007). Atmospheric science. CO2 is not the only gas. Science (New York, N.Y.), 315(5820), 1804–1805.
A journal article with 3 authors
Agulhon, C., Fiacco, T. A., & McCarthy, K. D. (2010). Hippocampal short- and long-term plasticity are not modulated by astrocyte Ca2+ signaling. Science (New York, N.Y.), 327(5970), 1250–1254.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Mecklenbräuker, I., Saijo, K., Zheng, N.-Y., Leitges, M., & Tarakhovsky, A. (2002). Protein kinase Cdelta controls self-antigen-induced B-cell tolerance. Nature, 416(6883), 860–865.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ishiyama, J. T. (2011). Comparative Politics. Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Navab, N., Hornegger, J., Wells, W. M., & Frangi, A. F. (Eds.). (2015). Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention – MICCAI 2015: 18th International Conference, Munich, Germany, October 5-9, 2015, Proceedings, Part III (1st ed. 2015, Vol. 9351). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Patton, W., & McMahon, M. (2014). Comparison of the Current Theories. In M. McMahon (Ed.), Career Development and Systems Theory: Connecting Theory and Practice (pp. 121–134). SensePublishers.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2016, June 1). Scientists Are Using Drones To Help Predict Coastal Erosion. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). Mass Transit: Review of the South Boston Piers Transitway Finance Plan (GAO-01-174R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Klooster, E. C.-R. (2010). Identifying differences in student traditionalities of remedial math students, adjusted for efficacy [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Tackett, M. (2017, October 22). Winning? Political Bellwether Grows Tired Waiting for Trump to Deliver. New York Times, A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fray, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Fray, 2013; Shine & Sturges, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shine & Sturges, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Agulhon et al., 2010)
  • 6 or more authors: (Mecklenbräuker et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics
AbbreviationJ. Educ. Behav. Stat.
ISSN (print)1076-9986
ISSN (online)1935-1054
ScopeSocial Sciences (miscellaneous)

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