How to format your references using the Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Selkoe, D. J. (2003). Folding proteins in fatal ways. Nature, 426(6968), 900–904.
A journal article with 2 authors
Poinar, G. O., Jr, & Danforth, B. N. (2006). A fossil bee from Early Cretaceous Burmese amber. Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5799), 614.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pendry, J. B., Martín-Moreno, L., & Garcia-Vidal, F. J. (2004). Mimicking surface plasmons with structured surfaces. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5685), 847–848.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Liakath-Ali, K., Mills, E. W., Sequeira, I., Lichtenberger, B. M., Pisco, A. O., Sipilä, K. H., Mishra, A., Yoshikawa, H., Wu, C. C.-C., Ly, T., Lamond, A. I., Adham, I. M., Green, R., & Watt, F. M. (2018). An evolutionarily conserved ribosome-rescue pathway maintains epidermal homeostasis. Nature, 556(7701), 376–380.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Szpankowski, W. (2001). Average Case Analysis of Algorithms on Sequences. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Wu, J. S. (2012). Bone Tumors: A Practical Guide to Imaging (M. G. Hochman, Ed.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Wagter, R., Proper, H. A., & Witte, D. (2012). A Practice-Based Framework for Enterprise Coherence. In E. Proper, K. Gaaloul, F. Harmsen, & S. Wrycza (Eds.), Practice-Driven Research on Enterprise Transformation: 4th Working Conference, PRET 2012, Gdańsk, Poland, June 27, 2012. Proceedings (pp. 77–95). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, March 13). Newly Emerged Pacific “Island” Photographed For The First Time. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1977). Concerted Effort Needed to Improve Indian Education (CED-77-24). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bustos, I. (2017). Backpacking Through My Suburban Barrio: Eco-Latina Diaries [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, B., & London, M. (2004, April 22). Bright Spots in the Rain Forest. New York Times, A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Selkoe, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Poinar & Danforth, 2006; Selkoe, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Poinar & Danforth, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Pendry et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Liakath-Ali et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics
AbbreviationJ. Educ. Behav. Stat.
ISSN (print)1076-9986
ISSN (online)1935-1054
ScopeSocial Sciences (miscellaneous)

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