How to format your references using the Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Knight, J. (2001). Physical sciences lose ground as US shifts towards biology. Nature, 412(6844), 259.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hegde, D., & Mowery, D. C. (2008). Research funding. Politics and funding in the U.S. public biomedical R&D system. Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5909), 1797–1798.
A journal article with 3 authors
Grenier, M. B., McDonald, D. B., & Buskirk, S. W. (2007). Rapid population growth of a critically endangered carnivore. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5839), 779.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Gasparini, F., Caicci, F., Rigon, F., Zaniolo, G., & Manni, L. (2014). Testing an unusual in vivo vessel network model: a method to study angiogenesis in the colonial tunicate Botryllus schlosseri. Scientific Reports, 4, 6460.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kobilinsky, L., Liotti, T. F., & Oeser-Sweat, J. (2004). DNA: Forensic and Legal Applications. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Choudary, A. D. R. (2014). Real Analysis on Intervals. (C. P. Niculescu, Ed.). New Delhi: Springer India.
A chapter in an edited book
Terasaki, H., & Komizo, Y.-I. (2010). Direct Analysis of Solidification-Mode During Welding for the Assessment of Hot-Cracking. In T. Kannengiesser, S. S. Babu, Y.-I. Komizo, & A. J. Ramirez (Eds.), In-situ Studies with Photons, Neutrons and Electrons Scattering (pp. 77–83). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, May 5). Premature Babies May Have A Higher Risk Of Developing Autism. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1979). Questions Designed To Aid Managers and Auditors in Assessing the ADP Planning Process (No. 092130). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Beattie, L. J. (2013). Meeting the Needs of Low Income Students (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. (2017, January 24). Is It Time for a New Prince Moment? New York Times, p. C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Knight, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Hegde & Mowery, 2008; Knight, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hegde & Mowery, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Grenier, McDonald, & Buskirk, 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Gasparini, Caicci, Rigon, Zaniolo, & Manni, 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics
AbbreviationJ. Educ. Behav. Stat.
ISSN (print)1076-9986
ISSN (online)1935-1054
ScopeSocial Sciences (miscellaneous)

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