How to format your references using the Journal of the South African Veterinary Association citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the South African Veterinary Association (JSAVA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zhou, Y., 2015, ‘The rapid rise of a research nation’, Nature 528(7582), S170-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Breitkreutz, A. & Tyers, M., 2006, ‘Cell signaling. A sophisticated scaffold wields a new trick’, Science (New York, N.Y.) 311(5762), 789–790.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kushiro, T., Nambara, E. & McCourt, P., 2003, ‘Hormone evolution: The key to signalling’, Nature 422(6928), 122.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Dosenbach, N. U. F., Nardos, B., Cohen, A. L., Fair, D. A., Power, J. D., Church, J. A. et al., 2010, ‘Prediction of individual brain maturity using fMRI’, Science (New York, N.Y.) 329(5997), 1358–1361.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vignes, A., 2013, Extractive Metallurgy 2, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA.
An edited book
Biessels, G. J. & Luchsinger, J. A. (eds.), 2010, Diabetes and the Brain, Humana Press, Totowa, NJ.
A chapter in an edited book
Fu, B., Han, Y., Li, H. & Li, X., 2014, ‘The Abacus Turn Model’, in M. Palesi & M. Daneshtalab (eds.), Routing Algorithms in Networks-on-Chip, pp. 69–103, Springer, New York, NY.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the South African Veterinary Association.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2015, March 3, ‘Long-Lost City Discovered Deep Within Honduras Rainforest’. Viewed 30 October 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2015, Transportation Infrastructure: Information on Bridge Conditions (No. GAO-16-72R), Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jordan, A. D., 2008, Measuring the efficacy of a Ninth Grade Academy on students with disabilities (Doctoral dissertation), Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear, M. D., 2017, September 5, ‘Democratic Coalition Plans Attacks on G.O.P. Over Health Care Law’, New York Times, p. A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zhou 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Breitkreutz & Tyers 2006; Zhou 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Breitkreutz & Tyers 2006)
  • Three authors: (Kushiro, Nambara, & McCourt 2003)
  • 7 or more authors: (Dosenbach, Nardos, Cohen, Fair, Power, Church, et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the South African Veterinary Association
AbbreviationJ. S. Afr. Vet. Assoc.
ISSN (print)1019-9128
ISSN (online)2224-9435
ScopeGeneral Medicine
General Veterinary

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