How to format your references using the Journal of the South African Veterinary Association citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the South African Veterinary Association (JSAVA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Boswell, R., 2009, ‘Engineering. Is gas hydrate energy within reach?’, Science (New York, N.Y.) 325(5943), 957–958.
A journal article with 2 authors
Clarke, C. F. & Allan, C. M., 2015, ‘Biochemistry: Unexpected role for vitamin B2’, Nature 522(7557), 427–428.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kang, H., Koh, D.-Y. & Lee, H., 2014, ‘Nondestructive natural gas hydrate recovery driven by air and carbon dioxide’, Scientific Reports 4, 6616.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kono, T., Obata, Y., Wu, Q., Niwa, K., Ono, Y., Yamamoto, Y. et al., 2004, ‘Birth of parthenogenetic mice that can develop to adulthood’, Nature 428(6985), 860–864.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wood, P., 2013, Western Art and the Wider World, Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford.
An edited book
Luo, X., Reichl, T., Mirota, D. & Soper, T. (eds.), 2014, Computer-Assisted and Robotic Endoscopy: First International Workshop, CARE 2014, Held in Conjunction with MICCAI 2014, Boston, MA, USA, September 18, 2014. Revised Selected Papers, Vol. 8899, Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Farmer-Dougan, V. & Alferink, L. A., 2013, ‘Brain Development, Early Childhood, and Brain-Based Education: A Critical Analysis’, in L. H. Wasserman & D. Zambo (eds.), Early Childhood and Neuroscience - Links to Development and Learning, pp. 55–76, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the South African Veterinary Association.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2017, June 1, ‘Antarctic’s Gigantic Ice Crack Is Fast Approaching Crunch Time’. Viewed 30 October 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1996, Transportation Issue Area Plan--Fiscal Years 1995-97 (No. IAP-96-21), Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Glennie, N. T., 2010, Examining trust factor relationships in the online business-to-consumer environment (Doctoral dissertation), Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J., 2016, October 20, ‘The Ghost in the Machine May Be Your Soul’, New York Times, p. C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Boswell 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Boswell 2009; Clarke & Allan 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Clarke & Allan 2015)
  • Three authors: (Kang, Koh, & Lee 2014)
  • 7 or more authors: (Kono, Obata, Wu, Niwa, Ono, Yamamoto, et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the South African Veterinary Association
AbbreviationJ. S. Afr. Vet. Assoc.
ISSN (print)1019-9128
ISSN (online)2224-9435
ScopeGeneral Medicine
General Veterinary

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