How to format your references using the Journal of the South African Veterinary Association citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the South African Veterinary Association (JSAVA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Boyle, E. A., 2006, ‘Oceanography. A direct proxy for oceanic phosphorus?’, Science (New York, N.Y.) 312(5781), 1758–1759.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hoekstra, A. Y. & Wiedmann, T. O., 2014, ‘Humanity’s unsustainable environmental footprint’, Science (New York, N.Y.) 344(6188), 1114–1117.
A journal article with 3 authors
Reiserer, A., Ritter, S. & Rempe, G., 2013, ‘Nondestructive detection of an optical photon’, Science (New York, N.Y.) 342(6164), 1349–1351.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Tijsterman, M., Ketting, R. F., Okihara, K. L., Sijen, T. & Plasterk, R. H. A., 2002, ‘RNA helicase MUT-14-dependent gene silencing triggered in C. elegans by short antisense RNAs’, Science (New York, N.Y.) 295(5555), 694–697.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Marroni, L. & Perdomo, I., 2013, Pricing and Hedging Financial Derivatives, John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Ochiai, T., Mabuchi, T., Maeda, Y., Noguchi, J. & Weinstein, A. (eds.), 2015, Geometry and Analysis on Manifolds: In Memory of Professor Shoshichi Kobayashi, Vol. 308, Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Donelli, A., Massa, A., Oliveri, G., Pastorino, M. & Randazzo, A., 2010, ‘The Use of Differential Evolution for the Solution of Electromagnetic Inverse Scattering Problems’, in A. Qing & C. K. Lee (eds.), Differential Evolution in Electromagnetics, pp. 107–131, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the South African Veterinary Association.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015, June 12, ‘Moth Night Vision is Specialized for Tracking Flowers Swaying in the Breeze’. Viewed 30 October 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1986, Biotechnology: Agriculture’s Regulatory System Needs Clarification (No. RCED-86-59), Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kharal, S. P., 2017, Modelling Sensitization Dynamics in 5xxx Series Aluminum Alloys (Doctoral dissertation), University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cowen, T., 2016, March 4, ‘A Slowdown That Silicon Valley Doesn’t Believe’, New York Times, p. BU6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Boyle 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Boyle 2006; Hoekstra & Wiedmann 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hoekstra & Wiedmann 2014)
  • Three authors: (Reiserer, Ritter, & Rempe 2013)
  • 7 or more authors: (Tijsterman, Ketting, Okihara, Sijen, & Plasterk 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the South African Veterinary Association
AbbreviationJ. S. Afr. Vet. Assoc.
ISSN (print)1019-9128
ISSN (online)2224-9435
ScopeGeneral Medicine
General Veterinary

Other styles