How to format your references using the Journal of the South African Veterinary Association citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the South African Veterinary Association (JSAVA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Collins, G. S., 2012, ‘Geochemistry. Moonstruck magnetism’, Science (New York, N.Y.) 335(6073), 1176–1177.
A journal article with 2 authors
Williams, E. J. & Hurst, L. D., 2000, ‘The proteins of linked genes evolve at similar rates’, Nature 407(6806), 900–903.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gavazzi, G., Bisio, A. & Pozzo, T., 2013, ‘Time perception of visual motion is tuned by the motor representation of human actions’, Scientific Reports 3, 1168.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Bhattacharya, S., Narasimha, S., Roy, A. & Banerjee, S., 2014, ‘Does shining light on gold colloids influence aggregation?’, Scientific Reports 4, 5213.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Heads, G., 2017, Living Mindfully, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Corrigan, K. P. & Mearns, A. (eds.), 2016, Creating and Digitizing Language Corpora: Volume 3: Databases for Public Engagement, Palgrave Macmillan UK, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Gary, D. E. & Hurford, G. J., 2005, ‘Radio Spectral Diagnostics’, in D. E. Gary & C. U. Keller (eds.), Solar and Space Weather Radiophysics: Current Status and Future Developments, pp. 71–87, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the South African Veterinary Association.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2016, June 13, ‘Study Suggests That Some Forms Of Autism May Not Just Affect The Brain’. Viewed 30 October 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1993, Direct Student Loans: The Department of Education’s Implementation of Direct Lending (No. T-HRD-93-26), Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kessler, C., 2013, Elements (Doctoral dissertation), Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Philipps, D. & Hubbard, B., 2017, July 25, ‘U.S. Soldier Who Survived Fatal Attack by a Jordanian Tells His Story’, New York Times, p. A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Collins 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Collins 2012; Williams & Hurst 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Williams & Hurst 2000)
  • Three authors: (Gavazzi, Bisio, & Pozzo 2013)
  • 7 or more authors: (Bhattacharya, Narasimha, Roy, & Banerjee 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the South African Veterinary Association
AbbreviationJ. S. Afr. Vet. Assoc.
ISSN (print)1019-9128
ISSN (online)2224-9435
ScopeGeneral Medicine
General Veterinary

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