How to format your references using the Journal of the South African Veterinary Association citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the South African Veterinary Association (JSAVA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kaiser, D., 2015, ‘History: From blackboards to bombs’, Nature 523(7562), 523–525.
A journal article with 2 authors
Friedman, A. & Perrimon, N., 2006, ‘A functional RNAi screen for regulators of receptor tyrosine kinase and ERK signalling’, Nature 444(7116), 230–234.
A journal article with 3 authors
Suttmeier, R. P., Cao, C. & Simon, D. F., 2006, ‘Priorities and funding. “Knowledge innovation” and the Chinese Academy of Sciences’, Science (New York, N.Y.) 312(5770), 58–59.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Weidner, C. I., Walenda, T., Lin, Q., Wölfler, M. M., Denecke, B., Costa, I. G. et al., 2013, ‘Hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells acquire distinct DNA-hypermethylation during in vitro culture’, Scientific Reports 3, 3372.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kölle, W., 2017, Wasseranalysen - richtig beurteilt, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Schwerzmann, M., Thomet, C. & Moons, P. (eds.), 2016, Congenital Heart Disease and Adolescence, Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Tripathi, C., Kumar, A. & Mittal, P., 2014, ‘Face Recognition Using MPCA-EMFDA Based Features Under Illumination and Expression Variations in Effect of Different Classifiers’, in S. M. Thampi, A. Gelbukh, & J. Mukhopadhyay (eds.), Advances in Signal Processing and Intelligent Recognition Systems, pp. 45–55, Springer International Publishing, Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the South African Veterinary Association.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016, June 20, ‘Brutal Battle Between Tiger And Leopard Caught On Camera’. Viewed 30 October 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2016, Revolving Funds: Additional Pricing and Performance Information for FAA and Treasury Funds Could Enhance Agency Decisions on Shared Services (No. GAO-16-477), Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McClimon, M., 2016, A transformational approach to jazz harmony (Doctoral dissertation), Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gladstone, R. & Specia, M., 2017, September 29, ‘At the U.N., Pressure Builds on Myanmar Over a “Human Rights Nightmare”’, New York Times, p. A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kaiser 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Friedman & Perrimon 2006; Kaiser 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Friedman & Perrimon 2006)
  • Three authors: (Suttmeier, Cao, & Simon 2006)
  • 7 or more authors: (Weidner, Walenda, Lin, Wölfler, Denecke, Costa, et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the South African Veterinary Association
AbbreviationJ. S. Afr. Vet. Assoc.
ISSN (print)1019-9128
ISSN (online)2224-9435
ScopeGeneral Medicine
General Veterinary

Other styles