How to format your references using the Current Psychiatry Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Psychiatry Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Roberts JW. Molecular biology. Syntheses that stay together. Science. 2010;328:436–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Vert G, Chory J. Downstream nuclear events in brassinosteroid signalling. Nature. 2006;441:96–100.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Jiang Y, Kirmizialtin S, Sanchez IC. Dynamic void distribution in myoglobin and five mutants. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4011.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Monnin E, Indermühle A, Dällenbach A, Flückiger J, Stauffer B, Stocker TF, et al. Atmospheric CO2 concentrations over the last glacial termination. Science. 2001;291:112–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Bitton G. Wastewater Microbiology. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1. Borruto F, De Ridder M, editors. HPV and Cervical Cancer: Achievements in Prevention and Future Prospects. New York, NY: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Rovira-Esteva M, Pardo LC, Tamarit JLL, Bermejo FJ. Neutron Diffraction as a Tool to Explore the Free Energy Landscape in Orientationally Disordered Phases. In: Rzoska S, Drozd-Rzoska A, Mazur V, editors. Metastable Systems under Pressure. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2010. p. 63–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Psychiatry Reports.

Blog post
1. Fang J. Unpredictable Temperature Swings Boost Death Rates in the U.S [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Review of Expenditures of Federal Funds Granted Under the Community Service and Continuing Education Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1970 Dec. Report No.: B-164031(1).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Bujarbarua V. Production Optimization Using an In-Situ Steam Generator in a Rejuvenated Heavy Oil Field [Doctoral dissertation]. [ Lafayette, LA]: University of Louisiana; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Poniewozik J. In Battle of Candidates, Lauer Is the Loser. New York Times. 2016 Sep 9;A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Psychiatry Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Psychiatry Rep.
ISSN (print)1523-3812
ISSN (online)1535-1645
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

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