How to format your references using the International Studies Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Studies Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Whipple, Clinton. (2012) Plant Science. Defining the Plant Germ Line--Nature or Nurture? Science (New York, N.Y.) 337: 301–302.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ngai, Jacqueline T., and Diane S. Srivastava. (2006) Predators Accelerate Nutrient Cycling in a Bromeliad Ecosystem. Science (New York, N.Y.) 314: 963.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lyons, Timothy W., Christopher T. Reinhard, and Noah J. Planavsky. (2014) The Rise of Oxygen in Earth’s Early Ocean and Atmosphere. Nature 506: 307–315.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Dennis, P. B., A. Jaeschke, M. Saitoh, B. Fowler, S. C. Kozma, and G. Thomas. (2001) Mammalian TOR: A Homeostatic ATP Sensor. Science (New York, N.Y.) 294: 1102–1105.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kaszeta, Dan. (2012) CBRN and Hazmat Incidents at Major Public Events. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Liberty, Jesse. (2014) Pro Windows 8.1 Development with XAML and C#. edited by Philip Japikse and Jon Galloway. Berkeley, CA: Apress.
A chapter in an edited book
Pluhacek, Michal, Roman Senkerik, and Ivan Zelinka. (2013) Multiple Choice Strategy – A Novel Approach for Particle Swarm Optimization – Preliminary Study. In Artificial Intelligence and Soft Computing: 12th International Conference, ICAISC 2013, Zakopane, Poland, June 9-13, 2013, Proceedings, Part II, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, edited by Leszek Rutkowski, Marcin Korytkowski, Rafał Scherer, Ryszard Tadeusiewicz, Lotfi A. Zadeh, and Jacek M. Zurada. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Studies Review.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. (2014) Spectacular Solar Eruption Caught On Camera. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1976) Cable Television and a Regulatory Policy. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mayo, Julio. (2010) Rates and Factors Associated with Child Maltreatment Recurrence for Children from Birth to 5 Years of Age in Ventura County. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Duerden, John. (2017) Qatar’s World Cup Résumé: Zero Games; 2022 Host. New York Times: SP3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Whipple 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Ngai and Srivastava 2006; Whipple 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ngai and Srivastava 2006)
  • Three authors: (Lyons, Reinhard, and Planavsky 2014)
  • 7 or more authors: (Dennis, Jaeschke, Saitoh, Fowler, Kozma, and Thomas 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Studies Review
AbbreviationInt. Stud. Rev.
ISSN (print)1468-2486
ScopeGeography, Planning and Development
Political Science and International Relations

Other styles