How to format your references using the International Studies Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Studies Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bignami, G. F. (2000) The Microscope’s Coat of Arms...or, the Sting of the Bee and the Moons of Jupiter. Nature 405: 999.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bhalerao, Sheetal, and Thomas R. Clandinin. (2012) Cell Biology. Vitamin K2 Takes Charge. Science (New York, N.Y.) 336: 1241–1242.
A journal article with 3 authors
Reichardt, Ben W., Falk Unger, and Umesh Vazirani. (2013) Classical Command of Quantum Systems. Nature 496: 456–460.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Rauhut, Oliver W. M., Thomas Martin, Edgardo Ortiz-Jaureguizar, and Pablo Puerta. (2002) A Jurassic Mammal from South America. Nature 416: 165–168.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Geng, Hwaiyu. (2014) Data Center Handbook. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bosschere, Koen De, David Kaeli, Per Stenström, David Whalley, and Theo Ungerer, Eds. (2007) 4367 High Performance Embedded Architectures and Compilers: Second International Conference, HiPEAC 2007, Ghent, Belgium, January 28-30, 2007. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Pohjanen, Johanna, Janne J. Koskimäki, and Anna Maria Pirttilä. (2014) Interactions of Meristem-Associated Endophytic Bacteria. In Advances in Endophytic Research, edited by Vijay C. Verma and Alan C. Gange. New Delhi: Springer India.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Studies Review.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. (2015) Early Humans Could Have Been Using Tools 500,000 Years Earlier Than We Thought. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1994) NASA Property: Poor Lending Practices and Controls at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lee, Jae Yong. (2008) Socio-Spatial Exclusion Based on Human Activities and Social Networks in Space-Time: A Case Study of Koreans in Columbus, Ohio. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY, James C., Jr. (2017) 2nd Etan Patz Jury Knew Members of First Jury Were Watching, Defense Says. New York Times: A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bignami 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Bignami 2000; Bhalerao and Clandinin 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bhalerao and Clandinin 2012)
  • Three authors: (Reichardt, Unger, and Vazirani 2013)
  • 7 or more authors: (Rauhut, Martin, Ortiz-Jaureguizar, and Puerta 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Studies Review
AbbreviationInt. Stud. Rev.
ISSN (print)1468-2486
ScopeGeography, Planning and Development
Political Science and International Relations

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