How to format your references using the International Studies Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Studies Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pain, Stephanie. (2015) A Potted History. Nature 525: S10-1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lu, Tongxiang, and Steven E. Wheeler. (2015) Organic Chemistry. Harnessing Weak Interactions for Enantioselective Catalysis. Science (New York, N.Y.) 347: 719–720.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hauke, Philipp, Luca Tagliacozzo, and Maciej Lewenstein. (2012) Physics. Speeding up Quantum Field Theories. Science (New York, N.Y.) 336: 1122–1123.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Schmidt, Michael W. I., Margaret S. Torn, Samuel Abiven, Thorsten Dittmar, Georg Guggenberger, Ivan A. Janssens, Markus Kleber, Ingrid Kögel-Knabner, Johannes Lehmann, David A. C. Manning, Paolo Nannipieri, Daniel P. Rasse, Steve Weiner, and Susan E. Trumbore. (2011) Persistence of Soil Organic Matter as an Ecosystem Property. Nature 478: 49–56.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lewis, Richard J., Sr. (2008) Hazardous Chemicals Desk Reference, Sixth Edition. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Neel, Benjamin G., and Nicholas K. Tonks, Eds. (2016) Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases in Cancer. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Micarelli, Alessandro, Filippo Sciarrone, and Mauro Marinilli. (2007) Web Document Modeling. In The Adaptive Web: Methods and Strategies of Web Personalization, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, edited by Peter Brusilovsky, Alfred Kobsa, and Wolfgang Nejdl. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Studies Review.

Blog post
Carpineti, Alfredo. (2017) Scientists Develop A New Method That Might Stop HIV From Replicating. IFLScience. Available at: (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1982) [Query Concerning VISTA Appropriation]. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wall, John Devin. (2017) The Effects of Acute L-Dopa on Brux-like and Masticatory Motor Patterns: EMG Phase Analysis in Rats. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, George. (2011) The Dangerous Cocoon Of King Football. New York Times: B16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pain 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Lu and Wheeler 2015; Pain 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lu and Wheeler 2015)
  • Three authors: (Hauke, Tagliacozzo, and Lewenstein 2012)
  • 7 or more authors: (Schmidt, Torn, Abiven, Dittmar, Guggenberger, Janssens, et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Studies Review
AbbreviationInt. Stud. Rev.
ISSN (print)1468-2486
ScopeGeography, Planning and Development
Political Science and International Relations

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