How to format your references using the International Studies Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Studies Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schönenberger, Christian. (2013) Physics. Two Indistinguishable Electrons Interfere in an Electronic Device. Science (New York, N.Y.) 339: 1041–1042.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fox, Kevin, and Bruce Caterson. (2002) Neuroscience. Freeing the Bain from the Perineuronal Net. Science (New York, N.Y.) 298: 1187–1189.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dinner, A. R., G. M. Blackburn, and M. Karplus. (2001) Uracil-DNA Glycosylase Acts by Substrate Autocatalysis. Nature 413: 752–755.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Obmolova, G., C. Ban, P. Hsieh, and W. Yang. (2000) Crystal Structures of Mismatch Repair Protein MutS and Its Complex with a Substrate DNA. Nature 407: 703–710.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McEvily, Arthur J. (2013) Metal Failures. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kushilevitz, Eyal, and Tal Malkin, Eds. (2016) 9563 Theory of Cryptography: 13th International Conference, TCC 2016-A, Tel Aviv, Israel, January 10-13, 2016, Proceedings, Part II. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Fernández, Juan F. Gómez, and Adolfo Crespo Márquez. (2012) Techniques and Tools for Maintenance Management. In Maintenance Management in Network Utilities: Framework and Practical Implementation, Springer Series in Reliability Engineering, edited by Adolfo Crespo Márquez. London: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Studies Review.

Blog post
Andrew, Danielle. (2016) Say Hello To The Earth’s Nearest Exoplanet Neighbour: Proxima Centauri B. IFLScience. Available at: (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2005) Air Traffic Control: Characteristics and Performance of Selected International Air Navigation Service Providers and Lessons Learned from Their Commercialization. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lee, Jae Yong. (2008) Socio-Spatial Exclusion Based on Human Activities and Social Networks in Space-Time: A Case Study of Koreans in Columbus, Ohio. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, Kelly. (2000) Those Gray Boxes on Poles? Fear Not, the Company Says. New York Times: 147.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schönenberger 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Fox and Caterson 2002; Schönenberger 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fox and Caterson 2002)
  • Three authors: (Dinner, Blackburn, and Karplus 2001)
  • 7 or more authors: (Obmolova, Ban, Hsieh, and Yang 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Studies Review
AbbreviationInt. Stud. Rev.
ISSN (print)1468-2486
ScopeGeography, Planning and Development
Political Science and International Relations

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