How to format your references using the International Studies Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Studies Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eisenstein, Michael. (2015) Big Data: The Power of Petabytes. Nature 527: S2-4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Krumholz, Mark R., and Christopher F. McKee. (2008) A Minimum Column Density of 1 g Cm(-2) for Massive Star Formation. Nature 451: 1082–1084.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rich, P. Dylan, Hua-Peng Liaw, and Albert K. Lee. (2014) Place Cells. Large Environments Reveal the Statistical Structure Governing Hippocampal Representations. Science (New York, N.Y.) 345: 814–817.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Roach, Jared C., Gustavo Glusman, Arian F. A. Smit, Chad D. Huff, Robert Hubley, Paul T. Shannon, Lee Rowen, Krishna P. Pant, Nathan Goodman, Michael Bamshad, Jay Shendure, Radoje Drmanac, Lynn B. Jorde, Leroy Hood, and David J. Galas. (2010) Analysis of Genetic Inheritance in a Family Quartet by Whole-Genome Sequencing. Science (New York, N.Y.) 328: 636–639.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cauvin, Colette, Francisco Escobar, and Aziz Serradj. (2010) New Approaches in Thematic Cartography. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Rockman, Marcy, and Joe Flatman, Eds. (2012) Archaeology in Society: Its Relevance in the Modern World. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Mierzejewski, Karl, Richard C. Reardon, Harold Thistle, and Normand R. Dubois. (2007) Conventional Application Equipment: Aerial Application. In Field Manual of Techniques in Invertebrate Pathology: Application and Evaluation of Pathogens for Control of Insects and Other Invertebrate Pests, edited by Lawrence A. Lacey and Harry K. Kaya. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Studies Review.

Blog post
Andrew, Danielle. (2016) If We Ever Came Across Aliens, Would We Be Able To Understand Them? IFLScience. Available at: (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1985) The Job Training Partnership Act: An Analysis of Support Cost Limits and Participant Characteristics. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McClinton, Barbara E. (2010) Preparing for the Third Age: A Retirement Planning Course Outline for Lifelong Learning Programs. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Joy, Susan. (2014) Bags That Don’t Brag. New York Times: E17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Eisenstein 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Krumholz and McKee 2008; Eisenstein 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Krumholz and McKee 2008)
  • Three authors: (Rich, Liaw, and Lee 2014)
  • 7 or more authors: (Roach, Glusman, Smit, Huff, Hubley, Shannon, et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Studies Review
AbbreviationInt. Stud. Rev.
ISSN (print)1468-2486
ScopeGeography, Planning and Development
Political Science and International Relations

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