How to format your references using the International Studies Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Studies Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clery, Daniel. (2014) Six Handshakes, Then Silence. Science (New York, N.Y.) 344: 964–965.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yu, Li, and Michael J. Lenardo. (2003) Immunology. The Paracaspase Connection. Science (New York, N.Y.) 302: 1515–1516.
A journal article with 3 authors
Suttmeier, Richard P., Cong Cao, and Denis Fred Simon. (2006) Priorities and Funding. “Knowledge Innovation” and the Chinese Academy of Sciences. Science (New York, N.Y.) 312: 58–59.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Evans, Jonathan P., Lorenzo Zane, Samuela Francescato, and Andrea Pilastro. (2003) Directional Postcopulatory Sexual Selection Revealed by Artificial Insemination. Nature 421: 360–363.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rezzoug, Abderrezak, and Mohammed El-Hadi Zaïm. (2011) Non-Conventional Electrical Machines. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gavrilova, Marina L., and C. J. Kenneth Tan, Eds. (2014) 8360 Transactions on Computational Science XXII. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Punter, R. Annemiek, Cees A. W. Glas, and Martina R. M. Meelissen. (2016) Relation Between Parental Involvement and Student Achievement in PIRLS-2011. In Psychometric Framework for Modeling Parental Involvement and Reading Literacy, IEA Research for Education, edited by Cees A. W. Glas and Martina R. M. Meelissen. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Studies Review.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. (2014) Fistfights May Have Shaped the Faces of Our Ancestors. IFLScience. Available at: (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2016) China: U.S. Universities in China Emphasize Academic Freedom but Face Internet Censorship and Other Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Glasgow, Heather Lovae. (2015) Design and Selection of Probes for In Vivo Molecular Targeting and Imaging. Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, George. (2010) For Knicks’ Lee, a Grandfather, Mentor and Pal. New York Times: B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Clery 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Yu and Lenardo 2003; Clery 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yu and Lenardo 2003)
  • Three authors: (Suttmeier, Cao, and Simon 2006)
  • 7 or more authors: (Evans, Zane, Francescato, and Pilastro 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Studies Review
AbbreviationInt. Stud. Rev.
ISSN (print)1468-2486
ScopeGeography, Planning and Development
Political Science and International Relations

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