How to format your references using the Alexandria Journal of Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Alexandria Journal of Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Agrawal AA. Phenotypic plasticity in the interactions and evolution of species. Science. 2001;294(5541):321-326.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Hartl FU, Hayer-Hartl M. Molecular chaperones in the cytosol: from nascent chain to folded protein. Science. 2002;295(5561):1852-1858.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Falenty A, Hansen TC, Kuhs WF. Formation and properties of ice XVI obtained by emptying a type sII clathrate hydrate. Nature. 2014;516(7530):231-233.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Hakimi M-A, Bochar DA, Schmiesing JA, et al. A chromatin remodelling complex that loads cohesin onto human chromosomes. Nature. 2002;418(6901):994-998.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Higgs J, Titchen A. Professional Practice in Health, Education and the Creative Arts. Blackwell Science Ltd; 2008.
An edited book
1.
Dincer I, Colpan CO, Kadioglu F, eds. Causes, Impacts and Solutions to Global Warming. Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Leguizamón G, Coello CAC. An Alternative ACO $_{\Bbb{R}}$ Algorithm for Continuous Optimization Problems. In: Dorigo M, Birattari M, Caro GAD, et al., eds. Swarm Intelligence: 7th International Conference, ANTS 2010, Brussels, Belgium, September 8-10, 2010. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer; 2010:48-59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Alexandria Journal of Medicine.

Blog post
1.
Hale T. Stunning Satellite Images Show Cloudless View Of The Whole Of Africa. IFLScience. Published May 20, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/stunning-satellite-images-show-whole-africa-cloudless/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Selected Contracting and Consulting Activities of the Office of Education. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1970.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Simonsen AE. Risk and resilience: Girls’ experiences navigating space and relationships in a secure residential facility. Published online 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Bilefsky D. Romania Votes on Whether to Remove Its President. New York Times. July 30, 2012:A5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAlexandria Journal of Medicine
ISSN (print)2090-5068
Scope

Other styles