How to format your references using the Alexandria Journal of Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Alexandria Journal of Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Glabe C. Biomedicine. Avoiding collateral damage in Alzheimer’s disease treatment. Science. 2006;314(5799):602-603.
A journal article with 2 authors
KelIy CK, Bowler MG. Coexistence and relative abundance in forest trees. Nature. 2002;417(6887):437-440.
A journal article with 3 authors
Richmond BJ, Liu Z, Shidara M. Neuroscience. Predicting future rewards. Science. 2003;301(5630):179-180.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Yapici N, Kim Y-J, Ribeiro C, Dickson BJ. A receptor that mediates the post-mating switch in Drosophila reproductive behaviour. Nature. 2008;451(7174):33-37.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morocco CC, Aguilar CM, Bershad C, Kotula AW, Hindin A. Supported Literacy for Adolescents. Jossey-Bass; 2008.
An edited book
Tavernarakis N, ed. Protein Metabolism and Homeostasis in Aging. Vol 694. Springer US; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Holbrow CH, Lloyd JN, Amato JC, Galvez E, Parks ME. Gas Laws. In: Lloyd JN, Amato JC, Galvez E, Parks ME, eds. Modern Introductory Physics. Springer; 2010:83-108.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Alexandria Journal of Medicine.

Blog post
Taub B. Meditation And Vacations Can Alter Your Gene Expression To Protect Against Aging. IFLScience. Published September 28, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Earth Observing System: Information on NASA’s Incorporation of Existing Data Into EOSDIS. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Deise EC. Frame problems, Fodor’s challenge, and practical reason. Published online 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J. For a Weekend, ‘Lil D’ on a Jersey and Sinatra on Cleats. New York Times. August 25, 2017:D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAlexandria Journal of Medicine
ISSN (print)2090-5068

Other styles