How to format your references using the Clinical Plasma Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Plasma Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
W.A. Catterall, Physiology. A one-domain voltage-gated sodium channel in bacteria, Science. 294 (2001) 2306–2308.
A journal article with 2 authors
R. Duggavathi, B.D. Murphy, Development. Ovulation signals, Science. 324 (2009) 890–891.
A journal article with 3 authors
C.D. Brown, D.S. Johnson, A. Sidow, Functional architecture and evolution of transcriptional elements that drive gene coexpression, Science. 317 (2007) 1557–1560.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
R. Mehta, K.A. Steinkraus, G.L. Sutphin, F.J. Ramos, L.S. Shamieh, A. Huh, C. Davis, D. Chandler-Brown, M. Kaeberlein, Proteasomal regulation of the hypoxic response modulates aging in C. elegans, Science. 324 (2009) 1196–1198.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M.C. Hallberg, Economic Trends in U.S. Agriculture and Food Systems Since World War II, Iowa State University Press, Ames, Iowa, USA, 2008.
An edited book
O. Moreira, Scheduling Real-Time Streaming Applications onto an Embedded Multiprocessor, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
J. Cheng, M. Zhou, J. Ye, The Study of Modern Emergency Products under the Direction of New Ergonomics, in: P.L.P. Rau (Ed.), Cross-Cultural Design. Methods, Practice, and Case Studies: 5th International Conference, CCD 2013, Held as Part of HCI International 2013, Las Vegas, NV, USA, July 21-26, 2013, Proceedings, Part I, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013: pp. 31–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Plasma Medicine.

Blog post
A. Carpineti, The First Stars In The Universe Formed Later Than We Thought, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Desert Shield and Desert Storm Reports and Testimonies: 1991-93, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J.M. Moro, School Improvement Grants at Work: A Study of Urban, Public New England Schools, Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Vecsey, A Rivalry to Add to the City’s Rich History, New York Times. (2012) D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Plasma Medicine
AbbreviationClin. Plasma Med.
ISSN (print)2212-8166
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Condensed Matter Physics

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