How to format your references using the Clinical Plasma Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Plasma Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Z. Corbyn, Prevention: lessons from a sunburnt country, Nature. 515 (2014) S114-6.
A journal article with 2 authors
M.D. Spalding, B.E. Brown, Warm-water coral reefs and climate change, Science. 350 (2015) 769–771.
A journal article with 3 authors
S.C. Hewitt, B.J. Deroo, K.S. Korach, Signal transduction. A new mediator for an old hormone?, Science. 307 (2005) 1572–1573.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
R.A. Houghton, D.L. Skole, C.A. Nobre, J.L. Hackler, K.T. Lawrence, W.H. Chomentowski, Annual fluxes of carbon from deforestation and regrowth in the Brazilian Amazon, Nature. 403 (2000) 301–304.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D. Silverstein, P. Samuel, N. Decarlo, The Innovator’s Toolkit, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2008.
An edited book
J.L. García-Alcaraz, A.A. Maldonado-Macías, G. Cortes-Robles, eds., Lean Manufacturing in the Developing World: Methodology, Case Studies and Trends from Latin America, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
R. Onken, A. Schulte, Examples of Realisations of Cognitive Automation in Work Systems, in: A. Schulte (Ed.), System-Ergonomic Design of Cognitive Automation: Dual-Mode Cognitive Design of Vehicle Guidance and Control Work Systems, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010: pp. 129–211.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Plasma Medicine.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Great White Shark Pops Up To Say Hello, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Intellectual Property: Patent Office Should Define Quality, Reassess Incentives, and Improve Clarity, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K.K. Claypool, Organizational Success: How the Presence of Happiness in the Workplace Affects Employee Engagement that Leads to Organizational Success, Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
D.A. Kelly, Fun if by Land and Fun if by Sea, New York Times. (2005) 512.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Plasma Medicine
AbbreviationClin. Plasma Med.
ISSN (print)2212-8166
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Condensed Matter Physics

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