How to format your references using the Clinical Plasma Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Plasma Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
L.P. Kadanoff, Kenneth Geddes Wilson (1936-2013), Nature. 500 (2013) 30.
A journal article with 2 authors
M.R. Palmer, P.N. Pearson, A 23,000-year record of surface water pH and PCO2 in the western equatorial Pacific Ocean, Science. 300 (2003) 480–482.
A journal article with 3 authors
I. Grinberg, V.R. Cooper, A.M. Rappe, Relationship between local structure and phase transitions of a disordered solid solution, Nature. 419 (2002) 909–911.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M.S. Song, L. Salmena, A. Carracedo, A. Egia, F. Lo-Coco, J. Teruya-Feldstein, P.P. Pandolfi, The deubiquitinylation and localization of PTEN are regulated by a HAUSP-PML network, Nature. 455 (2008) 813–817.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J.W. Cherrie, R.M. Howie, S. Semple, Monitoring for Health Hazards at Work, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK, 2010.
An edited book
H. Ichikawa, W.-D. Cho, I. Satoh, H.Y. Youn, eds., Ubiquitous Computing Systems: 4th International Symposium, UCS 2007, Tokyo, Japan, November 25-28, 2007. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
J. Johansson, H. Hassel, Modelling, Simulation and Vulnerability Analysis of Interdependent Technical Infrastructures, in: P. Hokstad, I.B. Utne, J. Vatn (Eds.), Risk and Interdependencies in Critical Infrastructures: A Guideline for Analysis, Springer, London, 2012: pp. 49–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Plasma Medicine.

Blog post
E. Andrew, A Miniature Tsunami Just Hit The Netherlands - Check Out This Footage, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, OJJDP Discretionary Grant Programs, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M.G. Makovec, A study of the factors predicting attrition and contributing to the attrition rate of high school teachers in Hampton Roads, Virginia, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Saslow, New President for the Long Island Rail Road, New York Times. (2007) LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Plasma Medicine
AbbreviationClin. Plasma Med.
ISSN (print)2212-8166
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles