How to format your references using the Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Malim MH. HIV: Ringside views. Nature. 2014 Jan 9;505(7482):167–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Funk JL, Vitousek PM. Resource-use efficiency and plant invasion in low-resource systems. Nature. 2007 Apr 26;446(7139):1079–81.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Ottosen S, Herrera FJ, Triezenberg SJ. Transcription. Proteasome parts at gene promoters. Science. 2002 Apr 19;296(5567):479–81.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Lartigue C, Glass JI, Alperovich N, Pieper R, Parmar PP, Hutchison CA 3rd, et al. Genome transplantation in bacteria: changing one species to another. Science. 2007 Aug 3;317(5838):632–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Martinsen U. Kostenrechnung in der Bauwirtschaft. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2017.
An edited book
1.
Corchado JM, Bajo J, Kozlak J, Pawlewski P, Molina JM, Gaudou B, et al., editors. Highlights of Practical Applications of Heterogeneous Multi-Agent Systems. The PAAMS Collection: PAAMS 2014 International Workshops, Salamanca, Spain, June 4-6, 2014. Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. XVIII, 388 p. 132 illus. (Communications in Computer and Information Science; vol. 430).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Coelho J, Silva A, Gomes JP. Parallelization of a Tridimensional Finite Element Program for Structural Behaviour Analysis. In: Lopes L, Žilinskas J, Costan A, Cascella RG, Kecskemeti G, Jeannot E, et al., editors. Euro-Par 2014: Parallel Processing Workshops: Euro-Par 2014 International Workshops, Porto, Portugal, August 25-26, 2014, Revised Selected Papers, Part I. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 36–47. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine.

Blog post
1.
Andrew D. Geomythology: Can Geologists Relate Ancient Stories Of Great Floods To Real Events? IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Federal Aviation Administration: Observations on Selected Changes to FAA’s Funding and Budget Structure in the Administration’s Reauthorization Proposal. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007 Mar. Report No.: GAO-07-625T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Armstrong A. Tactic-Based Learning for collective learning systems [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Brantley B. Theater; The Terrain Where Generations Meet. New York Times. 2017 Sep 22;AR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Royal Society of Medicine
AbbreviationJ. R. Soc. Med.
ISSN (print)0141-0768
ISSN (online)1758-1095
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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