How to format your references using the Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Smaglik P. Empire building: Vienna. Nature. 2002 Apr 11;416(6881):4–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Zaher HS, Green R. Quality control by the ribosome following peptide bond formation. Nature. 2009 Jan 8;457(7226):161–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Hacker J, Hentschel U, Dobrindt U. Prokaryotic chromosomes and disease. Science. 2003 Aug 8;301(5634):790–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Hauert C, Traulsen A, Brandt H, Nowak MA, Sigmund K. Via freedom to coercion: the emergence of costly punishment. Science. 2007 Jun 29;316(5833):1905–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
van Helvoort H. Next Generation SDH/SONET. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
1.
Gonçalves RJ, Müller JP, Mertins K, Zelm M, editors. Enterprise Interoperability II: New Challenges and Approaches. London: Springer; 2007. XVII, 894 p.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Caragiannis I, Filos-Ratsikas A, Procaccia AD. An Improved 2-Agent Kidney Exchange Mechanism. In: Chen N, Elkind E, Koutsoupias E, editors. Internet and Network Economics: 7th International Workshop, WINE 2011, Singapore, December 11-14, 2011 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 37–48. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. New Species Of Human Discovered In South Africa [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/newly-discovered-human-ancestor-likely-ritualistically-disposed-its-dead/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Review of the High Speed Antiradiation Missile Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1981 Feb. Report No.: C-MASAD-81–7.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Kratovac S. Developmental alterations in inhibitory neurotransmission in the Fragile X Syndrome mouse basolateral amygdala [Doctoral dissertation]. [College Park, MD]: University of Maryland, College Park; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Tomasky M. The Silence of the Democrats. New York Times. 2017 Oct 30;A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Royal Society of Medicine
AbbreviationJ. R. Soc. Med.
ISSN (print)0141-0768
ISSN (online)1758-1095
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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