How to format your references using the Arts citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Arts. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Redfield, S. Astronomy. Gathering Interstellar Gas. Science 2012, 336, 1243–1244.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kim-Muller, J.Y.; Accili, D. Cell Biology. Selective Insulin Sensitizers. Science 2011, 331, 1529–1531.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yano, J.-I.; Talagrand, O.; Drossart, P. Outer Planets: Origins of Atmospheric Zonal Winds. Nature 2003, 421, 36.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Takahashi, K.S.; Gabay, M.; Jaccard, D.; Shibuya, K.; Ohnishi, T.; Lippmaa, M.; Triscone, J.-M. Local Switching of Two-Dimensional Superconductivity Using the Ferroelectric Field Effect. Nature 2006, 441, 195–198.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Samuels, J. The Trader’s Pendulum; John Wiley & Sons, Inc: Hoboken, NJ, 2015; ISBN 9781119002604.
An edited book
Ethics of Belief: Essays in Tribute to D.Z. Phillips; Long, E.T., Horn, P., Eds.; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2008; ISBN 9781402083761.
A chapter in an edited book
Dańko, R. Reclamation of Used Molding Sands. In Microstructure and Properties of Ductile Iron and Compacted Graphite Iron Castings: The Effects of Mold Sand/Metal Interface Phenomena; Górny, M., Dańko, R., Eds.; SpringerBriefs in Materials; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; pp. 59–75 ISBN 9783319145822.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Arts.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Bats Use Polarized Light To Calibrate Internal Compass Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office NASA Travel: Passenger Aircraft Services Annually Cost Taxpayers Millions More Than Commercial Airlines; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2005;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tzillah, A. The Emissions of Selected Air Pollutants from Biodiesel Fuel Usage. Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati: Cincinnati, OH, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chira, S. New Era After O’Reilly? Women Aren’t So Sure. New York Times 2017, B7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleArts
ISSN (online)2076-0752

Other styles