How to format your references using the Arts citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Arts. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cyranoski, D. Malaysia Plans “red Book” in Its Attempts to Go Green. Nature 2005, 436, 313.
A journal article with 2 authors
Marteau, T.M.; Mantzari, E. Public Health: The Case for Pay to Quit. Nature 2015, 523, 40–41.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ji, Z.; Gao, H.; Yu, H. CELL DIVISION CYCLE. Kinetochore Attachment Sensed by Competitive Mps1 and Microtubule Binding to Ndc80C. Science 2015, 348, 1260–1264.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhang, Q.; Li, G.; Rhodes, D.; Kiswandhi, A.; Besara, T.; Zeng, B.; Sun, J.; Siegrist, T.; Johannes, M.D.; Balicas, L. Superconductivity with Extremely Large Upper Critical Fields in Nb2Pd0.81S5. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 1446.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Good, P.I. Introduction to Statistics through Resampling Methods and Microsoft Office Excel ®; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2005; ISBN 9780471741770.
An edited book
Surgical Pathology of Endocrine and Neuroendocrine Tumors; Khan, A., Ed.; Current Clinical Pathology; Humana Press: Totowa, NJ, 2009; ISBN 9781603273954.
A chapter in an edited book
Borsdorf, A.; Stadel, C. The Cultural Development of the Andes. In The Andes: A Geographical Portrait; Stadel, C., Ed.; Springer Geography; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; pp. 99–131 ISBN 9783319035291.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Arts.

Blog post
Andrew, E. What Are The Odds Of An Alien Megastructure Blocking Light From A Distant Star? Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Blue Cross FEHBP Pharmacy Benefits; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1996;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pan, A. The Mental Health and Well-Being of College Students in Cambodia. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S. Lucky Loser in Qualifying Becomes Tired Winner of the Bronx Classic. New York Times 2000, D10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleArts
ISSN (online)2076-0752

Other styles