How to format your references using the Arts citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Arts. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ohlsson, R. Genetics. Widespread monoallelic expression. Science 2007, 318, 1077–1078.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fredrick, K.; Noller, H.F. Catalysis of ribosomal translocation by sparsomycin. Science 2003, 300, 1159–1162.
A journal article with 3 authors
Whiteus, C.; Freitas, C.; Grutzendler, J. Perturbed neural activity disrupts cerebral angiogenesis during a postnatal critical period. Nature 2014, 505, 407–411.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Alff, L.; Krockenberger, Y.; Welter, B.; Schonecke, M.; Gross, R.; Manske, D.; Naito, M. A hidden pseudogap under the “dome” of superconductivity in electron-doped high-temperature superconductors. Nature 2003, 422, 698–701.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Florczyk, S. Robot Vision; Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA: Weinheim, FRG, 2004; ISBN 9783527604401.
An edited book
The Foreign Office, Commerce and British Foreign Policy in the Twentieth Century; Fisher, J., Pedaliu, E.G.H., Smith, R., Eds.; Palgrave Macmillan UK: London, 2016; ISBN 9781137465801.
A chapter in an edited book
Sznaider, N. Compassion, Cruelty, and Human Rights. In World Suffering and Quality of Life; Anderson, R.E., Ed.; Social Indicators Research Series; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2015; pp. 55–64 ISBN 9789401796699.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Arts.

Blog post
Andrew, E. LightSail Loses Contact Thanks To Software Glitch (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office FTS 2000: An Overview of the Federal Government’s New Telecommunications System; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1990;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ganji, V.G. Exploring the application of haptic feedback guidance for port crane modernization. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S.K. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: U.S. Begins Return Of Soviet Documents. New York Times 2002, A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleArts
ISSN (online)2076-0752

Other styles