How to format your references using the Arts citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Arts. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Thomas, C. Plant Bar Code Soon to Become Reality. Science 2009, 325, 526.
A journal article with 2 authors
Metz, M.; Fütterer, J. Biodiversity (Communications Arising): Suspect Evidence of Transgenic Contamination. Nature 2002, 416, 600–601; discussion 600, 602.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wen, J.; Zhou, S.; Chen, J. Colorimetric Detection of Shewanella Oneidensis Based on Immunomagnetic Capture and Bacterial Intrinsic Peroxidase Activity. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 5191.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wohlschlegel, J.A.; Dwyer, B.T.; Dhar, S.K.; Cvetic, C.; Walter, J.C.; Dutta, A. Inhibition of Eukaryotic DNA Replication by Geminin Binding to Cdt1. Science 2000, 290, 2309–2312.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grove, L.C. Groups and Characters; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 1997; ISBN 9781118032688.
An edited book
Nuclear Energy: Selected Entries from the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology; Tsoulfanidis, N., Ed.; Springer: New York, NY, 2013; ISBN 9781461457152.
A chapter in an edited book
Aoki, K.; Murayama, S.; Aoki, S.; Tashiro, S. Recognition of Reading Activities and Reading Profile of User on Japanese Text Presentation System. In Computer Supported Education: 7th International Conference, CSEDU 2015, Lisbon, Portugal, May 23-25, 2015, Revised Selected Papers; Zvacek, S., Restivo, M.T., Uhomoibhi, J., Helfert, M., Eds.; Communications in Computer and Information Science; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; pp. 57–80 ISBN 9783319295848.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Arts.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. More Fast Radio Bursts Have Been Detected From Auriga Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Procedures for Updating Arbitrator Disclosure Information; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2000;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Boucher, D. An Action Research Project: Development of a Pre-Licensure Examination Review Course for Emergency Medical Technician Program Graduates at a Rural Community College. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University: Minneapolis, MN, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. Replacing Yellow Buses, With Green in Mind. New York Times 2006, 14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleArts
ISSN (online)2076-0752

Other styles