How to format your references using the Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Crampton, J. (2011). Paleontology. What drives biodiversity changes? Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6059), 1073–1074.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wolf, E. T., & Toon, O. B. (2010). Fractal organic hazes provided an ultraviolet shield for early Earth. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5983), 1266–1268.
A journal article with 3 authors
Paniello, R. C., Day, J. M. D., & Moynier, F. (2012). Zinc isotopic evidence for the origin of the Moon. Nature, 490(7420), 376–379.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Baby, S., Johnson, A. J., Govindan, B., Lukose, S., Gopakumar, B., & Koshy, K. C. (2013). UV induced visual cues in grasses. Scientific Reports, 3, 2738.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Paladino, B. (2013). Corporate Performance Management Best Practices. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Mimura, N. (Ed.). (2008). Asia-Pacific Coasts and Their Management: States of Environment (Vol. 11). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Assali, A. A., Lenne, D., & Debray, B. (2010). Heterogeneity in Ontological CBR Systems. In S. Montani & L. C. Jain (Eds.), Successful Case-based Reasoning Applications - I (pp. 97–116). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2017, February 9). Modeling The Ancient Earth To Study Exoplanets. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2006). Space Acquisitions: DOD Needs Additional Knowledge as it Embarks on a New Approach for Transformational Satellite Communications System (GAO-06-537). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bogenreif, C. (2017). Rachmaninoff’s Sonata For Cello and Piano: A Staple in the Cello and Piano Repertoire [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman, J. (2017, August 18). Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times, MM20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Crampton, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Crampton, 2011; Wolf & Toon, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wolf & Toon, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Paniello et al., 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Baby et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEducational Evaluation and Policy Analysis
AbbreviationEduc. Eval. Policy Anal.
ISSN (print)0162-3737
ISSN (online)1935-1062

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