How to format your references using the Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stafford, N. (2007). Spy in the sky. Nature, 445(7130), 808–809.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hogg, R. C., & Bertrand, D. (2004). Neuroscience. What genes tell us about nicotine addiction. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5698), 983–985.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, A., Kurdistani, S. K., & Grunstein, M. (2002). Requirement of Hos2 histone deacetylase for gene activity in yeast. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5597), 1412–1414.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Antonova, I., Arancio, O., Trillat, A. C., Wang, H. G., Zablow, L., Udo, H., Kandel, E. R., & Hawkins, R. D. (2001). Rapid increase in clusters of presynaptic proteins at onset of long-lasting potentiation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5546), 1547–1550.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Krasner, D. (2011). A History of Modern Drama. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Fumagalli, E. (2007). Service Quality Regulation in Electricity Distribution and Retail (L. L. Schiavo & F. Delestre, Eds.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Zarubaev, V. V., Belousova, I., Rylkov, V., Slita, A., Sirotkin, A., Anfimov, P., Muraviova, T., & Starodubtsev, A. (2008). Photodynamic Inactivation of Enveloped Viruses by Fullerene: Study of Efficacy and Safety. In F. Cataldo & T. D. Ros (Eds.), Medicinal Chemistry and Pharmacological Potential of Fullerenes and Carbon Nanotubes (pp. 107–121). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2016, June 29). In A Bid For The Perfect Profile Pic, Young Men Are Increasingly Turning To Drugs. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). Traffic Congestion: Activities to Reduce Travel Demand and Air Pollution Are Not Widely Implemented (PEMD-93-2). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fanelli, R. M. (2017). Effects of Urbanization and Infiltration-Based Watershed Restoration on the Hydro-Ecology of Headwater Streams [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Casselman, B. (2017, September 27). Wealth Grew Broadly Over 3 Years, but Inequality Also Widened. New York Times, B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stafford, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Hogg & Bertrand, 2004; Stafford, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hogg & Bertrand, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Wang et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Antonova et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleEducational Evaluation and Policy Analysis
AbbreviationEduc. Eval. Policy Anal.
ISSN (print)0162-3737
ISSN (online)1935-1062

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