How to format your references using the Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ratner, M. (2000). Pushing electrons around. Nature, 404(6774), 137–138.
A journal article with 2 authors
Feld, J. J., & Hoofnagle, J. H. (2005). Mechanism of action of interferon and ribavirin in treatment of hepatitis C. Nature, 436(7053), 967–972.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rubin, K. H., Fletcher, C. H., 3rd, & Sherman, C. (2000). Fossiliferous Lana’i deposits formed by multiple events rather than a single giant tsunami. Nature, 408(6813), 675–681.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Szabadics, J., Varga, C., Molnár, G., Oláh, S., Barzó, P., & Tamás, G. (2006). Excitatory effect of GABAergic axo-axonic cells in cortical microcircuits. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5758), 233–235.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vilensky, J. A., Robertson, W. M., & Suárez-Quian, C. A. (2015). The Clinical Anatomy of the Cranial Nerves. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ruairc, G. M. (2013). Leadership for Inclusive Education: Values, Vision and Voices (E. Ottesen & R. Precey, Eds.; Vol. 18). SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Ong, S.-B. (2014). Imaging of Mitochondrial Disorders: A Review. In Y. C. Hum, M. I. Mohamad Salim, S.-B. Ong, N. P. Utama, Y. M. Myint, N. Mohd Noor, & E. Supriyanto (Eds.), Advances in Medical Diagnostic Technology (pp. 99–136). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, June 13). A Chinese Doctor Is Now Planning A Human Head Transplant. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1985). President’s Sixth Special Message for Fiscal Year 1985 (OGC-85-7). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mehta, K. (2015). An optimized modified booth recoder for efficient design of the add-multiply operator [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stuart, C., & GEORGE BRETHERTON; TONI MONKOVIC; ANDREW DAS; LUIS DELOUREIRO. (2010, October 6). Breakout Players Of the First Quarter Of the Season. New York Times, B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ratner, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Feld & Hoofnagle, 2005; Ratner, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Feld & Hoofnagle, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Rubin et al., 2000)
  • 6 or more authors: (Szabadics et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleEducational Evaluation and Policy Analysis
AbbreviationEduc. Eval. Policy Anal.
ISSN (print)0162-3737
ISSN (online)1935-1062

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