How to format your references using the Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Towe, K. M. (2002). The problematic rise of Archean oxygen. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5559), 1419.
A journal article with 2 authors
Duncan, R. P., & Williams, P. A. (2002). Ecology: Darwin’s naturalization hypothesis challenged. Nature, 417(6889), 608–609.
A journal article with 3 authors
Biek, R., Drummond, A. J., & Poss, M. (2006). A virus reveals population structure and recent demographic history of its carnivore host. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5760), 538–541.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Darieva, Z., Bulmer, R., Pic-Taylor, A., Doris, K. S., Geymonat, M., Sedgwick, S. G., Morgan, B. A., & Sharrocks, A. D. (2006). Polo kinase controls cell-cycle-dependent transcription by targeting a coactivator protein. Nature, 444(7118), 494–498.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morales, G., & Kacher, C. (2015). Short Selling with the O’Neil Disciples. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Voogt, J., & Knezek, G. (Eds.). (2008). International Handbook of Information Technology in Primary and Secondary Education (Vol. 20). Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Gutschick, V. P., & Pushnik, J. C. (2005). Internal Regulation of Nutrient Uptake by Relative Growth Rate and Nutrient-Use Efficiency. In H. BassiriRad (Ed.), Nutrient Acquisition by Plants: An Ecological Perspective (pp. 63–88). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, September 5). Prepare Yourself For A Global Pistachio Shortage This Year. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1970). Review of Accountable Officers’ Accounts, Minneapolis Postal Data Center (092849). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stanford, V. (2016). Finding theatre from within: Augusto Boal’s Games for Non-Actors in an Introduction to Acting class [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M., & Belson, K. (2013, January 10). Seau Had Brain Disease Found in Other Ex-Players. New York Times, B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Towe, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Duncan & Williams, 2002; Towe, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Duncan & Williams, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Biek et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Darieva et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleEducational Evaluation and Policy Analysis
AbbreviationEduc. Eval. Policy Anal.
ISSN (print)0162-3737
ISSN (online)1935-1062

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