How to format your references using the Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Spaldin, N. (2015). Find your most interesting question. Science (New York, N.Y.), 349(6243), 110.
A journal article with 2 authors
Best, R. B., & Hummer, G. (2005). Comment on “Force-clamp spectroscopy monitors the folding trajectory of a single protein.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5721), 498; author reply 498.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nilewski, C., Geisser, R. W., & Carreira, E. M. (2009). Total synthesis of a chlorosulpholipid cytotoxin associated with seafood poisoning. Nature, 457(7229), 573–576.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wallace, R. J., Rooke, J. A., Duthie, C.-A., Hyslop, J. J., Ross, D. W., McKain, N., de Souza, S. M., Snelling, T. J., Waterhouse, A., & Roehe, R. (2014). Archaeal abundance in post-mortem ruminal digesta may help predict methane emissions from beef cattle. Scientific Reports, 4, 5892.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Joseph, G. (2012). Doing Physics with Scientific Notebook. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Marshak, A., & Davis, A. (Eds.). (2005). 3D Radiative Transfer in Cloudy Atmospheres. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Cho, J. R., Park, J., & Sano, Y. (2013). Edge-disjoint Decompositions of Complete Multipartite Graphs into Gregarious Long Cycles. In J. Akiyama, M. Kano, & T. Sakai (Eds.), Computational Geometry and Graphs: Thailand-Japan Joint Conference, TJJCCGG 2012, Bangkok, Thailand, December 6-8, 2012, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 57–63). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, July 5). Scientists Freeze Atoms to Near Absolute Zero. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1988). ADP Budget: Trends in SSA’s Information Technology Systems Budget (IMTEC-88-33FS). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shaw, R. M. (2012). The influence of organizational culture on employee attitudes towards information security policy [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2011, September 11). From the Men, A Few Highlights After the Deluge. New York Times, SP9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Spaldin, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Best & Hummer, 2005; Spaldin, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Best & Hummer, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Nilewski et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Wallace et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEducational Evaluation and Policy Analysis
AbbreviationEduc. Eval. Policy Anal.
ISSN (print)0162-3737
ISSN (online)1935-1062

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