How to format your references using the Journal of the Royal Society Interface citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Royal Society Interface. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vedral V. 2008 Quantifying entanglement in macroscopic systems. Nature 453, 1004–1007.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gehring WJ, Willoughby AR. 2002 The medial frontal cortex and the rapid processing of monetary gains and losses. Science 295, 2279–2282.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cabernard C, Prehoda KE, Doe CQ. 2010 A spindle-independent cleavage furrow positioning pathway. Nature 467, 91–94.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Adams RB Jr, Gordon HL, Baird AA, Ambady N, Kleck RE. 2003 Effects of gaze on amygdala sensitivity to anger and fear faces. Science 300, 1536.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pike A. 2015 Origination. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Muthu SS, editor. 2014 Assessment of Carbon Footprint in Different Industrial Sectors, Volume 1. Singapore: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Mathis P, Sauer K. 2006 Historical Introduction to Photosystem I: The Discovery of the A1 and A2(Fx?) Acceptors by Time-Resolved Optical Spectroscopy. In Photosystem I: The Light-Driven Plastocyanin:Ferredoxin Oxidoreductase (ed JH Golbeck), pp. 31–40. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Royal Society Interface.

Blog post
Luntz S. 2016 Sea Sponges Show The Way To Cancer Treatment With Fewer Side-Effects. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1996 FCC: Provision of Roaming Services by Commercial Mobile Radio Service Providers.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nguyen C. 2014 Supportive services for immigrants: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. 2009 Weather Doesn’t Dampen Latest Heart-Stopper in the Bronx. New York Times, 18 October. , SP3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Royal Society Interface
AbbreviationJ. R. Soc. Interface
ISSN (print)1742-5689
ISSN (online)1742-5662
Biomedical Engineering

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