How to format your references using the Journal of Limnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Limnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shih WM, 2015. Materials Science. Exploiting weak interactions in DNA self-assembly. Science 347:1417–1418.
A journal article with 2 authors
Young R, Gill JJ, 2015. MICROBIOLOGY. Phage therapy redux--What is to be done? Science 350:1163–1164.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen LM, Friedman RM, Roe AW, 2003. Optical imaging of a tactile illusion in area 3b of the primary somatosensory cortex. Science 302:881–885.
A journal article with 13 or more authors
Lauhon LJ, Gudiksen MS, Wang D, Lieber CM, 2002. Epitaxial core-shell and core-multishell nanowire heterostructures. Nature 420:57–61.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Muccini M, Toffanin S, 2016. Organic Light-Emitting Transistors. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.:
An edited book
Stober I, 2013. Geothermal Energy: From Theoretical Models to Exploration and Development. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg: IX, 291 p. 120 illus., 69 illus. in color pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Principe JC, McFarland DJ, 2008. BMI/BCI Modeling and Signal Processing, p. 47–64 In: Chapin JK, GA Gerhardt, DJ McFarland, JC Principe, WV Soussou, DM Taylor, and PA Tresco (eds.), Brain-Computer Interfaces: An International Assessment of Research and Development Trends, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Limnology.

Blog post
Andrew E, 2014. IFLScience. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Purnell CP, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L, 2007. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Shih, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Shih, 2015; Young and Gill, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Young and Gill, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Lauhon et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Limnology
AbbreviationJ. Limnol.
ISSN (online)1723-8633
ScopeAquatic Science
Water Science and Technology

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