How to format your references using the Journal of Limnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Limnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pendry JB, 2004. A chiral route to negative refraction. Science 306:1353–1355.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yoshida N, Toyoda S, 2000. Constraining the atmospheric N2O budget from intramolecular site preference in N2O isotopomers. Nature 405:330–334.
A journal article with 3 authors
Aignaux JN d’, Cousens SN, Smith PG, 2001. Predictability of the UK variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease epidemic. Science 294:1729–1731.
A journal article with 13 or more authors
Carlson CS, Eberle MA, Kruglyak L, Nickerson DA, 2004. Mapping complex disease loci in whole-genome association studies. Nature 429:446–452.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Armaroli N, Balzani V, 2010. Energy for a Sustainable World. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.:
An edited book
Domínguez-Rodrigo M, 2007. Deconstructing Olduvai: A Taphonomic Study of the Bed I Sites. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht: XVI, 292 p pp.
A chapter in an edited book
D’Silva V, Haller L, Kroening D, Tautschnig M, 2012. Numeric Bounds Analysis with Conflict-Driven Learning, p. 48–63 In: Flanagan C and B König (eds.), Tools and Algorithms for the Construction and Analysis of Systems: 18th International Conference, TACAS 2012, Held as Part of the European Joint Conferences on Theory and Practice of Software, ETAPS 2012, Tallinn, Estonia, March 24 – April 1, 2012. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Limnology.

Blog post

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Clark M, 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lee L, 2007. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pendry, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Yoshida and Toyoda, 2000; Pendry, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yoshida and Toyoda, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Carlson et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Limnology
AbbreviationJ. Limnol.
ISSN (online)1723-8633
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology
Water Science and Technology

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