How to format your references using the Journal of Limnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Limnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Melton L, 2004. Protein arrays: proteomics in multiplex. Nature 429:101–107.
A journal article with 2 authors
Watanabe R, Noji H, 2014. Characterization of the temperature-sensitive reaction of F1-ATPase by using single-molecule manipulation. Sci. Rep. 4:4962.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang Z, Shibahara K, Stillman B, 2000. PCNA connects DNA replication to epigenetic inheritance in yeast. Nature 408:221–225.
A journal article with 13 or more authors
Wu R, Cui L, Chen L, Wang C, Cao C, Sheng G, Yu H, Zhao F, 2013. Effects of bio-Au nanoparticles on electrochemical activity of Shewanella oneidensis wild type and ΔomcA/mtrC mutant. Sci. Rep. 3:3307.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Démoulin B, Besnier P, 2011. Electromagnetic Reverberation Chambers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.:
An edited book
Kendall M, Samways B, editors, 2008. Learning to Live in the Knowledge Society: IFIP 20th World Computer Congress, IFIP TC 3 ED-L2L Conference September 7–10, 2008, Milano, Italy. Springer US, Boston, MA: XVIII, 372 p pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Iqbal MW, Lipkin ME, Preminger GM, 2013. Percutaneous Stone Removal: Case Discussion on Stones in a Horseshoe Kidney, p. 31–46 In: Nakada SY and MS Pearle (eds.), Surgical Management of Urolithiasis: Percutaneous, Shockwave and Ureteroscopy, New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Limnology.

Blog post
Carpineti A, 2016. IFLScience. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kong C, 2001.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Silver N, 2012. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Melton, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Melton, 2004; Watanabe and Noji, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Watanabe and Noji, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Wu et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Limnology
AbbreviationJ. Limnol.
ISSN (online)1723-8633
ScopeAquatic Science
Water Science and Technology

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