How to format your references using the Journal of Limnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Limnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
May RM, 2004. Raising Europe’s game. Nature 430:831–832.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bowler C, Scanlan DJ, 2014. Genetics. Being selective in the Prochlorococcus collective. Science 344:366–367.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang L, Zeng X, Wang X, 2013. Programmable hydrogenation of graphene for novel nanocages. Sci. Rep. 3:3162.
A journal article with 13 or more authors
Schedlbauer AM, Copara MS, Watrous AJ, Ekstrom AD, 2014. Multiple interacting brain areas underlie successful spatiotemporal memory retrieval in humans. Sci. Rep. 4:6431.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bachmutsky A, 2010. System Design for Telecommunication Gateways. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.:
An edited book
Zarate CA Jr, Manji HK, editors, 2016. Bipolar Depression: Molecular Neurobiology, Clinical Diagnosis, and Pharmacotherapy. Springer International Publishing, Cham: X, 371 p. 12 illus., 10 illus. in color pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Shang L, Chan K-P, 2011. A Temporal Latent Topic Model for Facial Expression Recognition, p. 51–63 In: Kimmel R, R Klette, and A Sugimoto (eds.), Computer Vision – ACCV 2010: 10th Asian Conference on Computer Vision, Queenstown, New Zealand, November 8-12, 2010, Revised Selected Papers, Part IV, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Limnology.

Blog post
Andrew E, 2015. IFLScience. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yuknis CM, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J, 2016. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (May, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (May, 2004; Bowler and Scanlan, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bowler and Scanlan, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Schedlbauer et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Limnology
AbbreviationJ. Limnol.
ISSN (online)1723-8633
ScopeAquatic Science
Water Science and Technology

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