How to format your references using the Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Angel R. Future optical and infrared telescopes. Nature 2001;409:427–30.
A journal article with 2 authors
Anglada-Escudé G, Tuomi M. Exoplanet detection. Comment on ‘Stellar activity masquerading as planets in the habitable zone of the M dwarf Gliese 581’. Science 2015;347:1080.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pavlidis I, Eberhardt NL, Levine JA. Seeing through the face of deception. Nature 2002;415:35.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Grimm D, Streetz KL, Jopling CL, et al. Fatality in mice due to oversaturation of cellular microRNA/short hairpin RNA pathways. Nature 2006;441:537–41.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Prutchi D, Norris M. Design and Development of Medical Electronic Instrumentation. Hoboken, NJ: : John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2004.
An edited book
Fehlman WL. Mobile Robot Navigation with Intelligent Infrared Image Interpretation. London: : Springer 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Pinto VF, Patriarca A, Pose G. Mycotoxins Associated to Fusarium Species that Caused Fusarium Head Blight in Wheat in Latin-America. In: Alconada Magliano TM, Chulze SN, eds. Fusarium Head Blight in Latin America. Dordrecht: : Springer Netherlands 2013. 59–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps.

Blog post
Andrew E. Shark Safety Tips: Sorting Out Fact From Fiction. IFLScience. 2015. (accessed 30 Oct 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Ownership by Minority, Female, and Disadvantaged Firms in the Pipeline Industry. Washington, DC: : U.S. Government Printing Office 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Darwich MK. Cost-Efficient Video On Demand (VOD) Streaming Using Cloud Services. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grimes W. Nina Ponomareva, Winner of Historic Gold, Dies at 87. New York Times. 2016;:B7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
AbbreviationJ. R. Army Med. Corps
ISSN (print)0035-8665
ISSN (online)2052-0468
ScopeGeneral Medicine

Other styles