How to format your references using the Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mirabel IF. Astronomy. Very energetic gamma-rays from microquasars and binary pulsars. Science 2006;312:1759–60.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lutz W, Kc S. Global human capital: integrating education and population. Science 2011;333:587–92.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ye Q, Krug RM, Tao YJ. The mechanism by which influenza A virus nucleoprotein forms oligomers and binds RNA. Nature 2006;444:1078–82.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lugo JE, Doti R, Sanchez N, et al. The bifoil photodyne: a photonic crystal oscillator. Sci Rep 2014;4:3705.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Aronson DR. Evidence-Based Technical Analysis. Hoboken, NJ: : John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2006.
An edited book
Stenström P, editor. Transactions on High-Performance Embedded Architectures and Compilers III. Berlin, Heidelberg: : Springer 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Bornemann T, Holtkamp W, Wintermeyer W. Nascent Peptide-Induced Signaling from the Exit Tunnel to the Outside of the Ribosome. In: Ito K, ed. Regulatory Nascent Polypeptides. Tokyo: : Springer Japan 2014. 87–97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps.

Blog post
Andrew D. How Mapping Teenagers’ Brains Has Helped Us Understand More About Schizophrenia. IFLScience. 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Security: Federal Air Marshal Service Could Benefit from Improved Planning and Controls. Washington, DC: : U.S. Government Printing Office 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Metcalfe AC. Using Evolution as a Context for Teaching the Nature of Science to Diverse Student Populations: A High School Unit of Curriculum. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chauncey G. The Long Road to Marriage Equality. New York Times. 2013;:A31.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
AbbreviationJ. R. Army Med. Corps
ISSN (print)0035-8665
ISSN (online)2052-0468
ScopeGeneral Medicine

Other styles