How to format your references using the Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Overbaugh J. 24/7 isn’t the only way: A healthy work-life balance can enhance research. Nature 2011;477:27–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Finkelstein I, Piasetzky E. Comment on ‘14C dates from Tel Rehov: Iron-Age chronology, pharaohs, and Hebrew kings’. Science 2003;302:568; author reply 568.
A journal article with 3 authors
Su Q-P, Yang C-P, Zheng S-B. Fast and simple scheme for generating NOON states of photons in circuit QED. Sci Rep 2014;4:3898.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang S, Cui L, Hao S, et al. Locality and rapidity of the ultra-large elastic deformation of Nb nanowires in a NiTi phase-transforming matrix. Sci Rep 2014;4:6753.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Leung M-Y, Chan IYS, Cooper CL. Stress Management in the Construction Industry. Chichester, UK: : John Wiley & Sons, Ltd 2014.
An edited book
Gomes J. From Fourier Analysis to Wavelets. 1st ed. 2015. Cham: : Springer International Publishing 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Wijesinghe L, Siriwardena P, Dias D. A Wireless Sensor Network for Early Warning of Elephant Intrusions. In: Shaikh FK, Chowdhry BS, Ammari HM, et al., eds. Wireless Sensor Networks for Developing Countries: First International Conference, WSN4DC, Jamshoro, Pakistan, April 24-26, 2013, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: : Springer 2013. 38–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps.

Blog post
Andrew E. Modified HIV Cures Rare Genetic Disorder In Children. IFLScience. 2015. (accessed 30 Oct 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. National Airspace System: DOT and FAA Actions Will Likely Have a Limited Effect on Reducing Delays during Summer 2008 Travel Season. Washington, DC: : U.S. Government Printing Office 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lewis TL. Quantitative approach to technical performance measurement and technical risk analysis utilizing Bayesian methods and Monte Carlo simulation. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron J. Waiting for a Pastor, Not a Prince. New York Times. 2016;:A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
AbbreviationJ. R. Army Med. Corps
ISSN (print)0035-8665
ISSN (online)2052-0468
ScopeGeneral Medicine

Other styles