How to format your references using the Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
White TW. Unique and redundant connexin contributions to lens development. Science 2002;295:319–20.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Gutierrez MP, Lee LP. Engineering. Multiscale design and integration of sustainable building functions. Science 2013;341:247–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Reichardt BW, Unger F, Vazirani U. Classical command of quantum systems. Nature 2013;496:456–60.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1
Janssen EM, Lemmens EE, Wolfe T, et al. CD4+ T cells are required for secondary expansion and memory in CD8+ T lymphocytes. Nature 2003;421:852–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Isobe K, Watanabe W, Itoh K. Functional Imaging by Controlled Nonlinear Optical Phenomena. Hoboken, NJ: : John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2013.
An edited book
1
Curzio AQ, Fortis M, editors. The EU and the Economies of the Eastern European Enlargement. Heidelberg: : Physica-Verlag HD 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Macleod AM. Coercion, Justice, and Democracy. In: Reidy DA, Riker WJ, eds. Coercion and the State. Dordrecht: : Springer Netherlands 2008. 63–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps.

Blog post
1
O`Callaghan J. Is There LIFE Elsewhere In The Universe? IFLScience. 2017.https://www.iflscience.com/space/is-there-life-elsewhere-in-the-universe-0/ (accessed 30 Oct 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Legislative and Regulatory Actions Needed To Deal With a Changing Domestic Telecommunications Industry. Washington, DC: : U.S. Government Printing Office 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Mason MC. A Heart Like a Fakir’s The Life and Times of General Sir James Abbott, KCB. 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Pilon M. Can’t Play by the Rules? It’s Fine by Mr. Monopoly. New York Times. 2014;:B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
AbbreviationJ. R. Army Med. Corps
ISSN (print)0035-8665
ISSN (online)2052-0468
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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