How to format your references using the Parallel Computing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Parallel Computing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
D. Seliktar, Designing cell-compatible hydrogels for biomedical applications, Science. 336 (2012) 1124–1128.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
G. Gaskell, H. Gottweis, Biobanks need publicity, Nature. 471 (2011) 159–160.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
A.F. Little, M.J.H. van Oppen, B.L. Willis, Flexibility in algal endosymbioses shapes growth in reef corals, Science. 304 (2004) 1492–1494.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
R.D. Sagarin, C.S. Alcorta, S. Atran, D.T. Blumstein, G.P. Dietl, M.E. Hochberg, D.D.P. Johnson, S. Levin, E.M.P. Madin, J.S. Madin, E.M. Prescott, R. Sosis, T. Taylor, J. Tooby, G.J. Vermeij, Decentralize, adapt and cooperate, Nature. 465 (2010) 292–293.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
N.V. Vakkur, Z.J. Herrera, Corporate Governance Regulation, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2013.
An edited book
[1]
M. Otto, S. Hofmann, eds., Avoiding Treatment Failures in the Anxiety Disorders, Springer, New York, NY, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
J. Lee, G.-L. Park, Distance-Based Heuristic in Selecting a DC Charging Station for Electric Vehicles, in: M.N. Murty, X. He, R.R. Chillarige, P. Weng (Eds.), Multi-Disciplinary Trends in Artificial Intelligence: 8th International Workshop, MIWAI 2014, Bangalore, India, December 8-10, 2014. Proceedings, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014: pp. 47–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Parallel Computing.

Blog post
[1]
E. Andrew, Russian Official Calls for an Investigation into Apollo Moon Landings, IFLScience. (2015). https://www.iflscience.com/space/russian-official-calls-investigation-apollo-moon-landings/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office, New L.A. Federal Courthouse: Evidence Is Insufficient To Suggest That Congress Reconsider Its Approval, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
S.A. Spindel, Evaluation of optical sensor platforms for multiplexed detection of proteins, Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
L. Saslow, School Chief, Never Accused, Quits After Scandal, New York Times. (2006) LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleParallel Computing
AbbreviationParallel Comput.
ISSN (print)0167-8191
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
Computer Networks and Communications
Hardware and Architecture
Software
Theoretical Computer Science

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