How to format your references using the Inflammatory Bowel Diseases citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Inflammatory Bowel Diseases. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Koenig R. EUROPEAN SCIENCE: Research Behemoth Slated for Overhaul. Science. 2000;289:2019b.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Crandall KA, Buhay JE. Evolution. Genomic databases and the tree of life. Science. 2004;306:1144–1145.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Collins SH, Wiggin MB, Sawicki GS. Reducing the energy cost of human walking using an unpowered exoskeleton. Nature. 2015;522:212–215.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Han SH, Cho FH, Song YK, et al. Ultrafast 3D spin-echo acquisition improves Gadolinium-enhanced MRI signal contrast enhancement. Sci. Rep. 2014;4:5061.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Rosenberger WR. Risk-Adjusted Lending Conditions. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
1.
Fricker SA, Schneider K eds. Requirements Engineering: Foundation for Software Quality: 21st International Working Conference, REFSQ 2015, Essen, Germany, March 23-26, 2015. Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Novák P. Jazzyk: A Programming Language for Hybrid Agents with Heterogeneous Knowledge Representations. In: Hindriks KV, Pokahr A, Sardina S, eds. Programming Multi-Agent Systems: 6th International Workshop, ProMAS 2008, Estoril, Portugal, May 13, 2008. Revised Invited and Selected Papers. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009:72–87.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Inflammatory Bowel Diseases.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Astronomers Discover Planetary System Much Like Our Own. IFLScience. 2013. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/space/astronomers-discover-planetary-system-much-our-own/ [Accessed October 30, 2018].

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Review of Ohio State Plan for the Education of Handicapped Children. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1976.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Conlin LD. Building shared understandings in introductory physics tutorials through risk, repair, conflict & comedy. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Peters JW, Grynbaum MM. Returning to Role at Brash Website to Push Agenda. New York Times. 2017:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleInflammatory Bowel Diseases
AbbreviationInflamm. Bowel Dis.
ISSN (print)1078-0998
ISSN (online)1536-4844
ScopeGastroenterology
Immunology and Allergy

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