How to format your references using the Inflammatory Bowel Diseases citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Inflammatory Bowel Diseases. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Rabitz H. Chemistry. Shaped laser pulses as reagents. Science. 2003;299:525–527.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Guttman M, Rinn JL. Modular regulatory principles of large non-coding RNAs. Nature. 2012;482:339–346.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Zilberman D, Cao X, Jacobsen SE. ARGONAUTE4 control of locus-specific siRNA accumulation and DNA and histone methylation. Science. 2003;299:716–719.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
D’Ardenne K, McClure SM, Nystrom LE, et al. BOLD responses reflecting dopaminergic signals in the human ventral tegmental area. Science. 2008;319:1264–1267.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Bowers D, House A, Owens D. Getting Started in Health Research. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
1.
Bartuska H, Buchsbaumer M, Mehta G, et al. eds. Psychotherapeutic Diagnostics: Guidelines for the New Standard. Vienna: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Smith D, Friesen J. Interacting with Device Hardware and Media. In: Friesen J, ed. Android Recipes: A Problem-Solution Approach. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2011:201–255.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Inflammatory Bowel Diseases.

Blog post
1.
O`Callaghan J. Asteroid Impact May Have Intensified Volcanic Eruptions And Wiped Out The Dinosaurs. IFLScience. 2015. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/asteroid-impact-may-have-intensified-volcanoes-and-wiped-out-dinosaurs/ [Accessed October 30, 2018].

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: OMB Needs to Improve Its Guidance on IT Investments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Brient R. Performance considerations for Philippe Gaubert’s “Madrigal.” 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Gustines GG. Comic-Book Heroes Drawn From Reality. New York Times. 2010:E7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleInflammatory Bowel Diseases
AbbreviationInflamm. Bowel Dis.
ISSN (print)1078-0998
ISSN (online)1536-4844
ScopeGastroenterology
Immunology and Allergy

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