How to format your references using the Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute (JRAI). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brin, D. 2000. Reality check. Nature 404, 229.
A journal article with 2 authors
Blattman, J. N. & P. D. Greenberg 2004. Cancer immunotherapy: a treatment for the masses. Science (New York, N.Y.) 305, 200–205.
A journal article with 3 authors
Burke, M. D., E. M. Berger & S. L. Schreiber 2003. Generating diverse skeletons of small molecules combinatorially. Science (New York, N.Y.) 302, 613–618.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Qian, G.-R., A. O. Lyakhov, Q. Zhu, A. R. Oganov & X. Dong 2014. Novel hydrogen hydrate structures under pressure. Scientific reports 4, 5606.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Abner, D. J. 2010. The ETF Handbook. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Awrejcewicz, J. (ed) 2014. Applied Non-Linear Dynamical Systems, vol. 93. (Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Akiba, K. 2015. Conjunctive, Disjunctive, Negative Objects and Generalized Quantification. In Quantifiers, Quantifiers, and Quantifiers: Themes in Logic, Metaphysics, and Language (ed) A. Torza, 73–95. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute.

Blog post
Fang, J. 2015. Chimps Can Make Silent Laugh Faces, Just Like Us. IFLScience (available on-line:, accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1998. State Department: Tourist Visa Processing Backlogs Persist at U.S. Consulates. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodriguez, J. M. 2011. A recruitment campaign for Latino non-kin foster parents: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland, J. 2017. Acting on Broadway, Sleeping on His Couch. New York Times, 24 February, MB2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brin 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Blattman & Greenberg 2004; Brin 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Blattman & Greenberg 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Qian et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Royal Anthropological Institute
AbbreviationJ. R. Anthropol. Inst.
ISSN (print)1359-0987
ISSN (online)1467-9655
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

Other styles