How to format your references using the Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute (JRAI). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
DeWeerdt, S. 2014. Microbiome: A complicated relationship status. Nature 508, S61-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rampino, M. R. & K. Caldeira 2011. Comment on ‘Atmospheric PCO₂ perturbations associated with the Central Atlantic Magmatic Province’. Science (New York, N.Y.) 334, 594; author reply 594.
A journal article with 3 authors
Biggins, J. B., K. C. Onwueme & J. S. Thorson 2003. Resistance to enediyne antitumor antibiotics by CalC self-sacrifice. Science (New York, N.Y.) 301, 1537–1541.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Ruiz-Morales, J. C., J. Canales-Vázquez, C. Savaniu, et al. 2006. Disruption of extended defects in solid oxide fuel cell anodes for methane oxidation. Nature 439, 568–571.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Campbell, A. K. 2014. Intracellular Calcium. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Brown, S. R., J. E. Hartley, J. Hill, N. Scott & J. G. Williams (eds) 2012. Contemporary Coloproctology. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bishara, A., Y. Liu, D. Kashef-Haghighi, et al. 2015. Read Clouds Uncover Variation in Complex Regions of the Human Genome. In Research in Computational Molecular Biology: 19th Annual International Conference, RECOMB 2015, Warsaw, Poland, April 12-15, 2015, Proceedings (ed) T. M. Przytycka, 30–31. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute.

Blog post
Andrew, D. 2016. Does A Planet Need Plate Tectonics To Develop Life? IFLScience (available on-line:, accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2006. Telecommunications: FCC Needs to Improve Its Ability to Monitor and Determine the Extent of Competition in Dedicated Access Services. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Anyaoha, A. L. 2013. Surgical time-out: A nursing team training approach. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. 2010. Charleston Chews And Sugar Babies: Fistfuls of Nostalgia. New York Times, 7 February, NJ11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (DeWeerdt 2014).
This sentence cites two references (DeWeerdt 2014; Rampino & Caldeira 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rampino & Caldeira 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Ruiz-Morales et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Royal Anthropological Institute
AbbreviationJ. R. Anthropol. Inst.
ISSN (print)1359-0987
ISSN (online)1467-9655
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

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