How to format your references using the Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute (JRAI). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McKnight, S. L. 2010. On getting there from here. Science (New York, N.Y.) 330, 1338–1339.
A journal article with 2 authors
Anderson, C. A. & B. J. Bushman 2002. Psychology. The effects of media violence on society. Science (New York, N.Y.) 295, 2377–2379.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schrater, P. R., D. C. Knill & E. P. Simoncelli 2001. Perceiving visual expansion without optic flow. Nature 410, 816–819.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Bhat, M. H., V. Molinero, E. Soignard, et al. 2007. Vitrification of a monatomic metallic liquid. Nature 448, 787–790.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Li, R. C.-H. 2008. RF Circuit Design. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Chaari, F., R. Zimroz, W. Bartelmus & M. Haddar (eds) 2016. Advances in Condition Monitoring of Machinery in Non-Stationary Operations: Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Condition Monitoring of Machinery in Non-Stationary Operations, CMMNO’2014, Lyon, France December 15-17, vol. 4. (Applied Condition Monitoring). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Stückler, J., D. Droeschel, K. Gräve, et al. 2012. Towards Robust Mobility, Flexible Object Manipulation, and Intuitive Multimodal Interaction for Domestic Service Robots. In RoboCup 2011: Robot Soccer World Cup XV (eds) T. Röfer, N. M. Mayer, J. Savage & U. Saranlı, 51–62. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute.

Blog post
Fang, J. 2016. Island Foxes May Be The Least Genetically Variable Wild Animals. IFLScience (available on-line:, accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1987. [Comments on Charging Cellular Telephone Installation to Senate Contingent Fund]. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Koester, A. 2017. It All Started on a Lake. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Goodman, J. 2016. The Other 1 Percent. New York Times, 9 October, BR25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McKnight 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Anderson & Bushman 2002; McKnight 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Anderson & Bushman 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Bhat et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Royal Anthropological Institute
AbbreviationJ. R. Anthropol. Inst.
ISSN (print)1359-0987
ISSN (online)1467-9655
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

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