How to format your references using the Journal of the Medical Library Association citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Medical Library Association. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Rørth P. Cell biology. Reach out and touch someone. Science. 2014 Feb 21;343(6173):848–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Kalcheim C, Rohrer H. Neuroscience. Following the same nerve track toward different cell fates. Science. 2014 Jul 4;345(6192):32–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Koh K, Zheng X, Sehgal A. JETLAG resets the Drosophila circadian clock by promoting light-induced degradation of TIMELESS. Science. 2006 Jun 23;312(5781):1809–12.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Bekker A, Barley ME, Fiorentini ML, Rouxel OJ, Rumble D, Beresford SW. Atmospheric sulfur in Archean komatiite-hosted nickel deposits. Science. 2009 Nov 20;326(5956):1086–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Raj PP, Erdine S. Pain-Relieving Procedures. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2012.
An edited book
1.
Ozgur B, Benzel E, Garfin S, editors. Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery: A Practical Guide to Anatomy and Techniques. New York, NY: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Andrade PA. The Government of Nature: Post-Neoliberal Environmental Governance in Bolivia and Ecuador. In: Castro F de, Hogenboom B, Baud M, editors. Environmental Governance in Latin America. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016. p. 113–36.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Medical Library Association.

Blog post
1.
Andrew D. Our ‘Selfish’ Genes Contain The Seeds Of Our Destruction – But There Might Be A Fix. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Surface Transportation: Preliminary Observations on Efforts to Restructure Current Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2008 Feb. Report No.: GAO-08-478T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Pulice SW. The colonized child: Love, community, and wholeness as necessary elements of education [Doctoral dissertation]. [Carpinteria, CA]: Pacifica Graduate Institute; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Meacham J. The Grace of George H.W. Bush. New York Times. 2016 Oct 15;SR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Medical Library Association
AbbreviationJ. Med. Libr. Assoc.
ISSN (print)1536-5050
ISSN (online)1558-9439
ScopeHealth Informatics
Library and Information Sciences

Other styles