How to format your references using the Journal of the Medical Library Association citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Medical Library Association. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Umstadter D. Laser light splits atom. Nature. 2000 Mar 16;404(6775):239.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Shah RR, Abbott NL. Principles for measurement of chemical exposure based on recognition-driven anchoring transitions in liquid crystals. Science. 2001 Aug 17;293(5533):1296–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Hines PJ, Jasny BR, Mervis J. Adding a T to the three R’s. Education & technology. Introduction. Science. 2009 Jan 2;323(5910):53.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Murata K, Mitsuoka K, Hirai T, Walz T, Agre P, Heymann JB, Engel A, Fujiyoshi Y. Structural determinants of water permeation through aquaporin-1. Nature. 2000 Oct 5;407(6804):599–605.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Idelberger K. The World of Footbridges. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2011.
An edited book
1.
Ebert C. Software Measurement: Establish — Extract — Evaluate — Execute. Dumke R, editor. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007. XI, 561 p.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Kanemaru SI. An Approach in Regenerative Medicine for the Treatment of Intractable Otitis Media. In: Ito J, editor. Regenerative Medicine in Otolaryngology. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2015. p. 61–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Medical Library Association.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Beautiful Biofluorescent Eels Discovered [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/beautiful-biofluorescent-eels-discovered/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: OMB and Agencies Need to Fully Implement Major Initiatives to Save Billions of Dollars. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2013 Jan. Report No.: GAO-13-297T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Shore LA. The anima in animation: Miyazaki heroines and post-patriarchal consciousness [Doctoral dissertation]. [Carpinteria, CA]: Pacifica Graduate Institute; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Baker L. In Tacoma, A Residential Rebirth. New York Times. 2007 Jun 24;BU15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Medical Library Association
AbbreviationJ. Med. Libr. Assoc.
ISSN (print)1536-5050
ISSN (online)1558-9439
ScopeHealth Informatics
Library and Information Sciences

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