How to format your references using the Journal of The Japanese and International Economies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of The Japanese and International Economies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sachdev, H., 2015. MATERIALS SCIENCE. Disclosing boron’s thinnest side. Science 350, 1468–1469.
A journal article with 2 authors
Millum, J., Emanuel, E.J., 2007. Ethics. The ethics of international research with abandoned children. Science 318, 1874–1875.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mellman, I., Coukos, G., Dranoff, G., 2011. Cancer immunotherapy comes of age. Nature 480, 480–489.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Helenius, J., Brouhard, G., Kalaidzidis, Y., Diez, S., Howard, J., 2006. The depolymerizing kinesin MCAK uses lattice diffusion to rapidly target microtubule ends. Nature 441, 115–119.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pepper, G., Oliver, M.J., 2006. The Liquidity Theory of Asset Prices. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Scherer, P., 2010. Theoretical Molecular Biophysics, Biological and Medical Physics, Biomedical Engineering. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Shaw, L.J., 2013. Healthcare Costs of Angina in Women, in: Kaski, J.C., Eslick, G.D., Bairey Merz, C.N. (Eds.), Chest Pain with Normal Coronary Arteries: A Multidisciplinary Approach. Springer, London, pp. 49–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of The Japanese and International Economies.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2017. New Drug Appears To Eliminate Type 2 Diabetes For First Time [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1991. Environmental Protection: Solving NASA’s Current Problems Requires Agencywide Emphasis (No. NSIAD-91-146). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Al khuwaildi, H.A., 2010. Green techniques in the healthcare system (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M., 2013. Sports Access For Disabled Is Clarified. New York Times D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sachdev, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Millum and Emanuel, 2007; Sachdev, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Millum and Emanuel, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Helenius et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of The Japanese and International Economies
AbbreviationJ. Jpn. Int. Econ.
ISSN (print)0889-1583
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Political Science and International Relations

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