How to format your references using the Journal of The Japanese and International Economies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of The Japanese and International Economies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kleiner, K., 2007. Civil aviation faces green challenge. Nature 448, 120–121.
A journal article with 2 authors
Côté, I.M., Reynolds, J.D., 2002. Conservation biology. Predictive ecology to the rescue? Science 298, 1181–1182.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mukandavire, Z., Smith, D.L., Morris, J.G., Jr, 2013. Cholera in Haiti: reproductive numbers and vaccination coverage estimates. Sci. Rep. 3, 997.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sporea, R.A., Trainor, M.J., Young, N.D., Shannon, J.M., Silva, S.R.P., 2014. Source-gated transistors for order-of-magnitude performance improvements in thin-film digital circuits. Sci. Rep. 4, 4295.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wasson, C.S., 2005. System Analysis, Design, and Development. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Dijkman, R., Hofstetter, J., Koehler, J. (Eds.), 2011. Business Process Model and Notation: Third International Workshop, BPMN 2011, Lucerne, Switzerland, November 21-22, 2011. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
van Hooijdonk, C., Bosma, W., Krahmer, E., Maes, A., Theune, M., 2011. Experiments in Multimodal Information Presentation, in: Bosch, A. van D., Bouma, G. (Eds.), Interactive Multi-Modal Question-Answering. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 89–115.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of The Japanese and International Economies.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. Young Mice Exposed to Cat Pee Don’t Escape Later On [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2004. Information Technology: Major Federal Networks That Support Homeland Security Functions (No. GAO-04-375). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Naqvi, S.Z., 2017. Around the world in 15 bites: Applied perspectives on learning about food (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
GEORGE GENE GUSTINES; Compiled by RACHEL LEE HARRIS, 2010. Pilgrim, The Final Volume. New York Times C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kleiner, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Côté and Reynolds, 2002; Kleiner, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Côté and Reynolds, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Sporea et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of The Japanese and International Economies
AbbreviationJ. Jpn. Int. Econ.
ISSN (print)0889-1583
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Political Science and International Relations

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