How to format your references using the Journal of The Japanese and International Economies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of The Japanese and International Economies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P., 2000. “Quiet revolution” in chemistry could revive public and private sectors. Nature 406, 807–808.
A journal article with 2 authors
Perutz, M.F., Windle, A.H., 2001. Cause of neural death in neurodegenerative diseases attributable to expansion of glutamine repeats. Nature 412, 143–144.
A journal article with 3 authors
Powell, K.I., Chase, J.M., Knight, T.M., 2013. Invasive plants have scale-dependent effects on diversity by altering species-area relationships. Science 339, 316–318.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Leutgeb, S., Leutgeb, J.K., Treves, A., Moser, M.-B., Moser, E.I., 2004. Distinct ensemble codes in hippocampal areas CA3 and CA1. Science 305, 1295–1298.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wood, P., 2013. Western Art and the Wider World. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford.
An edited book
Camesano, T.A. (Ed.), 2015. Nanotechnology to Aid Chemical and Biological Defense, 1st ed. 2015. ed, NATO Science for Peace and Security Series A: Chemistry and Biology. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Hall, A.J., 2016. Epidemiology of Food-Borne Viruses, in: Goyal, S.M., Cannon, J.L. (Eds.), Viruses in Foods. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 131–145.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of The Japanese and International Economies.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Environmentally Friendly Silver Nanoparticles Could Fight Microbes [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2015. Information Technology: Library of Congress Needs to Implement Recommendations to Address Management Weaknesses (No. GAO-16-197T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Merkurjev, D., 2015. Understanding Enhancer Role in Transcriptional Response (Doctoral dissertation). University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, B., Schmitt, E., 2017. State Crumbling, ISIS Is Reclaiming Insurgent Roots. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Perutz and Windle, 2001; Smaglik, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Perutz and Windle, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Leutgeb et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of The Japanese and International Economies
AbbreviationJ. Jpn. Int. Econ.
ISSN (print)0889-1583
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Political Science and International Relations

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