How to format your references using the Journal of the International AIDS Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the International AIDS Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Leutgeb S. Neuroscience. Detailed differences. Science. 2008 Mar 21;319(5870):1623–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lim C, Allada R. ATAXIN-2 activates PERIOD translation to sustain circadian rhythms in Drosophila. Science. 2013 May 17;340(6134):875–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Friedmann T, Rabin O, Frankel MS. Ethics. Gene doping and sport. Science. 2010 Feb 5;327(5966):647–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Qi B, Cong Q, Li P, Ma G, Guo X, Yeh J, et al. Ablation of Tak1 in osteoclast progenitor leads to defects in skeletal growth and bone remodeling in mice. Sci Rep. 2014 Nov 24;4:7158.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bobrow J, Kohn E, Mondragon-Gilmore J, Eggenschwiler J. CliffsNotes® Praxis I®: PPST®. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Publishing, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
Zhang Y, Zhou Z-H, Zhang C, Li Y, editors. Intelligent Science and Intelligent Data Engineering: Second Sino-foreign-interchange Workshop, IScIDE 2011, Xi’an, China, October 23-25, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. XVI, 772 p. 336 illus. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 7202).
A chapter in an edited book
Broersen J. A stit Logic Analysis of Morally Lucky and Legally Lucky Action Outcomes. In: Müller T, editor. Nuel Belnap on Indeterminism and Free Action. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 75–98. (Outstanding Contributions to Logic).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the International AIDS Society.

Blog post
Fang J. Stunning New Ruby Seadragon Discovered. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Interagency Laboratory Use: Current Practices and Recurring Problems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1979 Sep. Report No.: PSAD-79-97.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Warren KL. Agents of change: A new role for learners in online workplace training [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Nordland R. 3 G.I.s Killed When Afghan Opens Fire. New York Times. 2017 Jun 10;A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the International AIDS Society
AbbreviationJ. Int. AIDS Soc.
ISSN (online)1758-2652
ScopeInfectious Diseases
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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