How to format your references using the Journal of the International AIDS Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the International AIDS Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Steinman L. Immune therapy for autoimmune diseases. Science. 2004 Jul 9;305(5681):212–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Tice MM, Lowe DR. Photosynthetic microbial mats in the 3,416-Myr-old ocean. Nature. 2004 Sep 30;431(7008):549–52.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Harker DE, Woodward CE, Wooden DH. The dust grains from 9P/Tempel 1 before and after the encounter with Deep Impact. Science. 2005 Oct 14;310(5746):278–80.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Gierliński M, Middleton M, Ward M, Done C. A periodicity of approximately 1 hour in X-ray emission from the active galaxy RE J1034+396. Nature. 2008 Sep 18;455(7211):369–71.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Heimer T, Werner M. Die Zukunft der Mikrosystemtechnik. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2004.
An edited book
1.
Seki T, Sawamoto K, Parent JM, Alvarez-Buylla A, editors. Neurogenesis in the Adult Brain II: Clinical Implications. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2011. XIII, 211 p.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Kotulski Z, Szczepiński W. Functions of Independent Random Variables. In: Szczepinski W, editor. Error Analysis with Applications in Engineering. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2010. p. 91–105. (Solid Mechanics and Its Applications).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the International AIDS Society.

Blog post
1.
Andrews R. Super-Salty Murderous “Deadpool” Lurks At The Bottom Of The Gulf Of Mexico [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/super-salty-murderous-deadpool-lurks-bottom-gulf-mexico/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Human Factors: Status of Efforts to Integrate Research on Human Factors Into FAA’s Activities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996 Jun. Report No.: RCED-96-151.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Bowmar JS. Building Energy Efficiency and Resilience in the United States, One Disaster at a Time: Fostering Green Building Principles through Disaster Assistance [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Crow K. The Bunker, an Orphan, Finds a Temporary Home. New York Times. 2002 Mar 3;144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the International AIDS Society
AbbreviationJ. Int. AIDS Soc.
ISSN (online)1758-2652
ScopeInfectious Diseases
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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