How to format your references using the Journal of the International AIDS Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the International AIDS Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Wine JJ. Medicine. Letting go of mucus. Science. 2014 Aug 15;345(6198):730–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Medina-Elizalde M, Lea DW. The mid-Pleistocene transition in the tropical Pacific. Science. 2005 Nov 11;310(5750):1009–12.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Ben-David O, Cohen G, Fineberg J. The dynamics of the onset of frictional slip. Science. 2010 Oct 8;330(6001):211–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Baba D, Maita N, Jee J-G, Uchimura Y, Saitoh H, Sugasawa K, et al. Crystal structure of thymine DNA glycosylase conjugated to SUMO-1. Nature. 2005 Jun 16;435(7044):979–82.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Dexter AL. Monitoring and Control of Information-Poor Systems. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
1.
Bronner F, Farach-Carson MC, editors. Bone and Cancer. London: Springer; 2009. X, 246 p. 63 illus., 35 illus. in color. (Topics in Bone Biology; vol. 5).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Smith AS, Birnie AK, French JA. Prenatal Androgens Affect Development and Behavior in Primates. In: Clancy KBH, Hinde K, Rutherford JN, editors. Building Babies: Primate Development in Proximate and Ultimate Perspective. New York, NY: Springer; 2013. p. 103–31.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the International AIDS Society.

Blog post
1.
Davis J. Vast Ancient River System Discovered Under The Sahara Desert. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Status Information: FAA’s Year 2000 Business Continuity and Contingency Planning Efforts Are Ongoing. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998 Dec. Report No.: AIMD-99-40R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Marjanovic SY. The Role of the Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome Protein in Regulating T Cell Programmed Cell Death Mechanisms and Implications for Autoimmunity in the Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Schwartz J. ‘A Conservative Climate Solution’: Republican Group Calls for a Carbon Tax. New York Times. 2017 Feb 8;A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the International AIDS Society
AbbreviationJ. Int. AIDS Soc.
ISSN (online)1758-2652
ScopeInfectious Diseases
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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