How to format your references using the Journal of the International AIDS Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the International AIDS Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Koen D. Introductory matters. Nature. 2004 Jun 3;429(6991):584.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kaufman J, Jing J. China and AIDS--the time to act is now. Science. 2002 Jun 28;296(5577):2339–40.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pelechano V, Wei W, Steinmetz LM. Extensive transcriptional heterogeneity revealed by isoform profiling. Nature. 2013 May 2;497(7447):127–31.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Vignuzzi M, Stone JK, Arnold JJ, Cameron CE, Andino R. Quasispecies diversity determines pathogenesis through cooperative interactions in a viral population. Nature. 2006 Jan 19;439(7074):344–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chen N. Aerothermodynamics of Turbomachinery. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2010.
An edited book
Victor P. Trust Networks for Recommender Systems. Cornelis C, de Cock M, editors. Paris: Atlantis Press; 2011. XIII, 202 p. (Atlantis Computational Intelligence Systems; vol. 4).
A chapter in an edited book
Hamm P. Ultrafast Peptide and Protein Dynamics by Vibrational Spectroscopy. In: Braun M, Gilch P, Zinth W, editors. Ultrashort Laser Pulses in Biology and Medicine. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. p. 77–94. (Biological and Medical Physics, Biomedical Engineering).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the International AIDS Society.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. Company Patents Design For A Space Elevator, But Don’t Get Your Hopes Up Just Yet. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Air Traffic Control: FAA Should Define the Optimal Advanced Automation System Alternative. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988 Nov. Report No.: IMTEC-89-5.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ahmadi SA. Synergistic interplay between math search and handwritten mathematical notation recognition [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M. His Mission: Beat Swords Into Baubles. New York Times. 2013 Jul 4;E6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the International AIDS Society
AbbreviationJ. Int. AIDS Soc.
ISSN (online)1758-2652
ScopeInfectious Diseases
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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