How to format your references using the Journal of the International AIDS Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the International AIDS Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hejnol A. Evolutionary biology: Excitation over jelly nerves. Nature. 2014 Jun 5;510(7503):38–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Derry LA, Murray RW. Geochemistry. Continental margins and the sulfur cycle. Science. 2004 Mar 26;303(5666):1981–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Smith HJ, Fahrenkamp-Uppenbrink J, Coontz R. Carbon capture and sequestration. Clearing the air. Introduction. Science. 2009 Sep 25;325(5948):1641.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Eisenmesser EZ, Millet O, Labeikovsky W, Korzhnev DM, Wolf-Watz M, Bosco DA, et al. Intrinsic dynamics of an enzyme underlies catalysis. Nature. 2005 Nov 3;438(7064):117–21.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
American Counseling Association. The ACA Encyclopedia of Counseling. Alexandria, VA, USA: American Counseling Association; 2015.
An edited book
Godbole P, Wilcox DT, Koyle MA, editors. Consent in Pediatric Urology. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. XI, 299 p. 28 illus., 20 illus. in color. (Handbook Series of Consent in Pediatric Surgical Subspecialities).
A chapter in an edited book
Giannetti R, Velucchi M. The demography of manufacturing firms (1911–1971). In: Giannetti R, Vasta M, editors. Evolution of Italian Enterprises in the 20th Century. Heidelberg: Physica-Verlag HD; 2006. p. 63–86. (Müller WA, Bihn M, editors. Contributions to Economics).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the International AIDS Society.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. Five Teams Enter Final Stretch To Win Google Lunar XPRIZE Moon Race And Scoop $20 Million [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. [Response to Request for Views on Application of P.L. 99-177 to Teacher Loan Cancellations]. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1986 Sep. Report No.: B-221498.20.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Burke K. Big Five personality traits and astrology: The relationship between the Moon variable and the NEO PI-R [Doctoral dissertation]. [Carpinteria, CA]: Pacifica Graduate Institute; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M. Suit Change Does Not Matter As U.S. Misses Podium Again. New York Times. 2014 Feb 16;SP7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the International AIDS Society
AbbreviationJ. Int. AIDS Soc.
ISSN (online)1758-2652
ScopeInfectious Diseases
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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