How to format your references using the Journal of the International AIDS Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the International AIDS Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mervis J. Behind the numbers. Salaries pump up biomedical inflation. Science. 2015 Jul 17;349(6245):225.
A journal article with 2 authors
Boltasseva A, Shalaev VM. Materials science. All that glitters need not be gold. Science. 2015 Mar 20;347(6228):1308–10.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hägglund C, Grätzel M, Kasemo B. Comment on “efficient photochemical water splitting by a chemically modified n-TiO2” (II). Science. 2003 Sep 19;301(5640):1673; discussion 1673.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ingmundson A, Delprato A, Lambright DG, Roy CR. Legionella pneumophila proteins that regulate Rab1 membrane cycling. Nature. 2007 Nov 15;450(7168):365–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Collier CG. Hydrometeorology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
Rehm G, Uszkoreit H, editors. The Slovene Language in the Digital Age. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. VI, 79 p. 27 illus., 24 illus. in color. (White Paper Series).
A chapter in an edited book
Cacciola P, Muscolino G. Stochastic Seismic Analysis of Large Linear Structural Systems Under Fully Non-stationary Spectrum Compatible Ground Motion. In: Papadrakakis M, Stefanou G, Papadopoulos V, editors. Computational Methods in Stochastic Dynamics. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011. p. 89–109. (Computational Methods in Applied Sciences).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the International AIDS Society.

Blog post
Fang J. Mystery Illness That “Melts” Starfish Identified [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Medical Education: Curriculum and Financing Strategies Need to Encourage Primary Care Training. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994 Oct. Report No.: HEHS-95-9.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tambornini TF. Supportive and subsidized housing solutions for Sonoma County: A grant project [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Markoff J. Microsoft Spends Big to Build a Computer Straight Out of Science Fiction. New York Times. 2016 Nov 20;B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the International AIDS Society
AbbreviationJ. Int. AIDS Soc.
ISSN (online)1758-2652
ScopeInfectious Diseases
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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